Zoran Bonić, Elefterija Zlatanović, Nebojša Davidović, Nikola Romić, Nemanja Marinković

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The paper first presents the calculation of the punching shear capacity of concentrically loaded reinforced concrete column footings according to the current Eurocode 2, which can be carried out in two ways: by conducting an iterative procedure and by a simplified procedure applying the diagrams. By using these procedures, the punching shear capacity calculation was performed for the footings examined within the experimental research of the authors of this study, as well as for the footings that were considered by experiments conducted by other authors. Based on the conducted analysis of the calculation results and experimentally recorded results, a modification of the expression of the current Eurocode 2 with regard to the calculation of the punching shear capacity of concentrically loaded RC column footings is proposed. The proposed modification more realistically takes into account the influence of compressive strength of concrete and the reinforcement ratio  in the footing, so that its application provides the results of punching failure forces that are closer to the results recorded by experimental tests.


RC column footing, Eurocode 2, punching shear, concrete compressive strength, reinforcement ratio

Full Text:



CEN (European Commitiee for Standardization). Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures, Part 1.1: General Rules and Rules for Buildings. EN 1992-1-1, Brussels, Belgium: CEN. 2004.

ACI (American Concrete Institute). Building code requirements for structural concrete and commentary on building code requirements for structural concrete. ACI 318-19. Farmington Hills, MI: ACI. 2019.

fib (Federation Internationale du Beton). fib Model Code 2010. MC2010. Ernst & Sohn. 2013.

BSi (British Standards Technical Committee B/52). Structural use of concrete —Part 1: Code of practice for design and construction. BS 8110-1:1997, London, UK: BSi. 1997.

Gosstroy SSSR (State Committee for Construction in the Soviet Union). Concrete and reinforced concrete structures. СНиП2.03.01-84. Moscow: Gosstroy SSSR. 1992.

ECP (European Concrete Platform ASBL). Eurocode 2 – Commentary. Brussels, Belgium. 2008.

J. Hegger, A. G. Sherif and M. Ricker, Experimental investigations on punching behavior of reinforced concrete footings. ACI Structural Journal 103(4) (2006) 604–613. doi:10.14359/16437.

J. Hegger, M. Ricker, B.Ulke and M. Ziegler, Investigations on the punching behavior of reinforced concrete footings. Engineering Structures 29 (2007) 2233–2241. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.11.012.

J. Hegger, M.Ricker and A. G., Sherif, Punching strength of reinforced concrete footings. ACI Structural Journal 106(5) (2009) 706–716. doi:10.14359/51663111.

C. Siburg, M. Ricker and J. Hegger, Punching shear design of footings: critical review of different code provisions. Structural Concrete 15(4) (2014) 497–508. doi:10.1002/suco.201300092.

M. Ricker and C. Siburg: Punching shear strength of flat slabs –critical review of Eurocode 2 and fib Model Code 2010 design provisions. Structural Concrete 17(3) (2016) 457–468. doi:10.1002/suco.201500106.

W. X Zhang, B. Li, H. J. Hwang, J. Y.Zhang, L. J. Xiao, W. J. Yi and H. G. Park, Punching shear strength of reinforced concrete column footings under eccentric compression: Experiment and analysis. Eng Struct 198 (2019) 109509. doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109509.

J. T. Simões, J. Bujnak, M. Fernández Ruiz and A.Muttoni, Punching shear tests on compact footings with uniform soil pressure. Structural Concrete 17(4) (2016) 603–617. doi:10.1002/suco.201500175.

S. K. Shill, M. M. Hoque and M. Shaifullah, Punching shear behavior of RC column footing on stabilized ground. International Journal of Engineering, Technology Management & Applied Sciences 3 (2015) 246–253.

C. Siburg and J. Hegger, Experimental investigations on punching behaviour of reinforced concrete footings with structural dimensions. Structural Concrete 15(3) (2014) 331–339. doi:10.1002/suco.201300083.

T. Urban, M. Goldyn, J. Krakowski and L. Krawczyk, Experimental investigation on punching behavior of thick reinforced concrete slabs. Architecture and Civil Engineering 59(2) (2013) 157–174. doi:10.2478/ace-2013-0008.

A. I. Mordich, V. N. Belevich and D. I. Navoj, Influence of reinforcement of reinforced concrete column footings on their punching capacity. Vestnik BNTU 6 (2007) 5–16.

M. Timm, Durchstanzen von Bodenplatten unter rotationssymmetrischer Belastung. Dissertation, Institut für Baustoffe, Massivbau und Brandschutz, Technical University of Brunswick, Brunswick, Germany. 2003.

M. Hallgren, S. Kinnunen and B. Nylander: Punching shear tests on column footings. Nordic Concrete Research 21(1) (1998) 1–24.

A. N. Tetior and I. M. Djakov, Punching calculation of column footings. Concrete and Reinforced Concrete 3 (1989) 11–14.

H. Dieterle and F. S. Rostásy, Tragverhalten quadratischer Einzelfundamente aus Stahlbeton. Deutscher Ausschuss für Stahlbeton, Hefte 387. Berlin, GE: Ernst & Sohn.1987.

K. Kordina and D. Nolting, Tragverhalten von ausmittig beanspruchten Einzelfundamenten aus Stahlbeton. Abschlußbericht zum DFG-Vorhaben Ko 204/27+30, Braunschweig. 1981.

H. Dieterle and A. Steinle, Blockfundamente für Stahl-betonfertigteilstützen. Deutscher Ausschuß für Stahlbeton, Hefte 326. Berlin, GE: Ernst & Sohn. 1981.

S. A. Rivkin, Foundation calculations. Kiev, UA: Budiveljnik. 1967.

F. E. Richart, Reinforced concrete wall and column footings." ACI Journal Proceedings, Part 1 – 45(2) (1948) 97–127; Part 2 – 45(3) (1948) 237–260.

A. N. Talbot, Reinforced concrete wall footings and column footings. University of Illinois, Engineering Experiment Station, Bulletin No. 67. 1913.

Z. Bonić, N. Davidović, T. Vacev, N. Romić, E. Zlatanović and J.Savić, Punching behaviour of reinforced concrete footings at testing and according to Eurocode 2 and fib Model Code 2010. Int J Concr Struct Mater 2017;11:657–76.

P. Menetrey, Synthesis of punching failure in reinforced concrete. Cement Concrete Composites 24(6) (2002) 497–507. doi:10.1016/S0958-9465(01)00066-X.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)

ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)