Nebojša Stefanović, Nataša Danilović Hristić

DOI Number
First page
Last page


In a series of urban analyses used in the development of urban plans, there is also a traffic analysis. It is aimed at assessing the impact of the capacity of planned contents on the transport network of the narrower and wider area. In this paper, a large city project for the Belgrade waterfront area was selected as a case study and the analysis done as a transport study for the planning process for this location. Traffic analysis deals with the assessment of how much load planned purposes (housing, business, commercial, public facilities, etc.) will generate and how this will affect the existing and planned road network, standing out approach with six basic phases used in the research and description of the differences between three conceptualized network designs. For these purposes, the appropriate software is used, which for the set network load parameters at different times of the day creates scenarios of the number of vehicles and dominant directions of movement and indicates the shortcomings of the network that needs to be adapted to the requirements of users (0 –with modest attractiveness based on previous plans for the area, 1-3 for different network designs in the peak hours). This type of analysis with its results provides an input or planning the spatial organization of content and connections within the area and with a wider environment.


urban planning, large project, transport analysis, traffic network, Belgrade waterfront

Full Text:



S. Algers, J. Eliasson, & L. G. Mattsson. Is it time to use activity-based urban transport models? A discussion of planning needs and modelling possibilities. The Annals of Regional Science, 39(4), 2005, 767-789.

N. Anand, R. van Duin, H. Quak, L. Tavasszy. Relevance of City Logistics Modelling Efforts: A Review, Transport Reviews, 35:6, 2015, 701-719,

B. Arandelovic. Reimaging Belgrade: The Case of Savamala District. In: Arandelovic, B. & Vukmirovic, M., Belgrade - The 21st Century Metropolis of Southeast Europe, The Urban Book Series. Springer, Cham. 2020, 169-221,

B. Arandelovic, M. Vukmirovic, N. Samardzic. Belgrade: Imaging the future and creating a European metropolis. Cities, 63, 2017, 1–19.

A. Awasthi, H. Omrani, P. Gerber. Investigating ideal-solution based multicriteria decision making techniques for sustainability evaluation of urban mobility projects. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. Volume 116, 2018, 247-259.

V. Backović. The Specificity of Gentrification in the Postsocialist City: The Case of the Belgrade Waterfront Project. In: Petrović, J. & Backović V., Experiencing Postsocialist Capitalism: Urban Changes and Challenges in Serbia. University of Belgrade – Faculty of Philosophy, Institute for Sociological Research, Belgrade, 2019, 23-44.

P. K. Bhuyan, M. S. Nayak. A Review on Level of Service Analysis of Urban Streets, Transport Reviews, 33:2, 2013, 219-238.

M. Brömmelstroet, L. Bertolini. The Role of Transport‐Related Models in Urban Planning Practice, Transport Reviews, 31:2, 2011, 139-143,

R. Bruttomesso. Complexity on the urban waterfront. In R. Marshall (eds.), Waterfronts in Postindustrial Cities, New York: Spon Press, 2001, 39-51

R. Bruttomesso. Complexity on the urban waterfront. In Waterfronts in post-industrial cities. Taylor & Francis, 2004, 47-58.

B. Butuner. Waterfront Revitalization as a Challenging Urban Issue, 42nd ISoCaRP Congress, 2006.

T.C. Chang, S. Huang. Reclaiming the City: Waterfront Development in Singapore, Urban Studies, vol. 48, issue 10, 2010, 2085-2100.

M. Chikaraishi, A. Jana, R. Bardhan, V. Varghese, A. Fujiwara. A framework to analyze capability and travel in formal and informal urban settings: A case from Mumbai, Journal of Transport Geography, 65, 2017, 101-110.

I. Colquhoun. Urban Regeneration. A Batsford Book, London, 1995, ISBN 0 7134 7087 9.

R. Crane. The influence of urban form on travel: an interpretive review. Journal of Planning Literature, 15(1), 2000, 3-23.

R. Creţan, L. Vesalon. The political economy of hydropower in the communist space: Iron Gates revisited. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, 108(5), 2017, 688-701.

M. Cvetinović, T. Maričić, J-C. Bolay. Participatory urban transformations in Savamala, Belgrade - capacities and limitations. Spatium, 36, 2016, pp. 15-23.

N. Danilović Hristić, N. Stefanović, S. Milijić. Danube River Cruises as a Strategy for Representing Historical Heritage and Developing Cultural Tourism in Serbia. Sustainability, Special Issue "Cultural and Creative Tourism Developments: Past, Present and Future" 12, 10297, 2020, pp. 1-19. doi:10.3390/su12241029, ISSN 2071-1050.

A. Djukic, J. Maric, B. Antonic, V. Kovac, J. Jokovic, N. Dinkic. The Evaluation of Urban Renewal Waterfront Development: The Case of the Sava Riverfront in Belgrade, Serbia. Sustainability 12, 6620, 2020.

E. Dogan. City on the rise: Mega projects vs. public resistance. In A. Gospodini. (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Changing Cities II Spatial, Design, Landscape & Socio-economic Dimensions. University of Thessaly, Porto Heli, Greece, June 22–26, 2015, 743–750.

R. Dostál, J. Kocourek, A. Matysková, K. Moudrá, V. Nižnanský. The Implementation of the Smart City Process—Researchers’ Knowledge in Detecting Transport System Defects. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3296, 2021.

K. Dovey. Fluid city: transforming Melbourne's urban waterfront, Sydney, NSW, Australia: University of New South Wales Press, 2005, ISBN-13: 978-0415359238 ISBN-10: 0415359236.

A. Fagan, F. Ejdus. Lost at the waterfront? Explaining the absence of green organisations in the Don’t let Belgrade D(r)own movement. Environmental Politics, 2020, 1-20,, ISSN 0964-4016

S. Fainstein. Mega-projects in New York, London and Amsterdam. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 32(4), 768, 2009.

M. Feldman. Urban Waterfront Regeneration and Local Governance in Tallinn, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 52, issue 5, 2010, 829-850.

General Urban plan of Belgrade 2021, ''Official Gazette of Belgrade'' No. 11/2016. In Serbian: Generalni urbanistički plan Beograda 2021. „Službeni list grada Beograda“, br. 11/2016

K. T. Geurs, B. van Wee. Accessibility evaluation of land-use and transport strategies: review and research directions, Journal of Transport Geography 12, 2014, 127–140.

T. Goldman, R. Gorham. Sustainable urban transport: Four innovative directions. Technology in society, 28 (1-2), 2006, 261-273.

M. Grubbauer, N. Čamprag. Urban megaprojects, nation-state politics and regulatory capitalism in Central and Eastern Europe: The Belgrade Waterfront project, Urban Studies, vol. 54 (4), 2018, 649-671,

C. De Gruyter, G. Rose, G. Currie, T. Rye, E. van de Graaff. Travel plans for new developments: a global review, Transport Reviews, 38:2, 2018, 142-161,

H. Gudmundsson. Analyzing Models as a Knowledge Technology in Transport Planning, Transport Reviews, 31:2, 2011, 145-159,

E. Guerra, C. Caudillo, C. Goytia, T. P. Quiros, C. Rodriguez. Residential location, urban form, and household transportation spending in Greater Buenos Aires, Journal of Transport Geography, 72, 2018, 76-85.

B. Hoyle. Global and local change on the port city waterfront, Geographical review, vol. 90, issue 3, 2000, 395-441.

M. Jakovljević, S. Dragojerac, A. Vuković. City logistics of Belgrade waterfront. Proceedings of the 2nd Logistics International Conference, Belgrade, Serbia, 21-23 May, 2015, 297-302.

A. Jones. ‘Issues in Waterfront Regeneration: More Sobering Thoughts: A UK Perspective’, Planning Practice and Research, 13 (4), 1998, 433-442.

A. Kadijević, B. Kovačević. Degradative urbanistic and architectural aspects of the project “Belgrade Waterfront” (2012–2016). Matica srpska journal for fine arts 44, 2016, 367-377.

D. Kasraian, K. Maat, B. Van Wee. Urban developments and daily travel distances: Fixed, random and hybrid effects models using a Dutch pseudo-panel over three decades, Journal of Transport Geography, 72 (2018), 2018, 228-236.

J. Koelemaij. Danification in practice: an inter-scalar analysis of Belgrade Waterfront. Urban Geography, 0272-3638, 2020, 1-19.

J. Koelemaij, S. Janković. Behind the frontline of the Belgrade waterfront: a reconstruction of the early implementation phase of a transnational real estate development project. In: J. Petrović, V. Backović, (eds.) Experiencing Postsocialist Capitalism: Urban Changes and Challenges in Serbia, University of Belgrade. Faculty of Philosophy. Institute for Sociological Research, 2019, 45-65.

V. Krivda, J. Petru, D. Macha, J. Novak. Use of Microsimulation Traffic Models as Means for Ensuring Public Transport Sustainability and Accessibility. Sustainability, 2021, 13, 2709.

K. Krsmanovic. Two faces of Belgrade waterfront: The contradictory creation of new urban identity. Ciudades, 23, 2020, 137-157.

K. Lalović, U. Radosavljević, Z. Đukanović. Reframing public interest in the implementation of large urban projects in Serbia: the case of Belgrade waterfront project. Facta Universitatis, Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering Vol. 13, No 1, 2015, 35 – 46,

U. Lehrer, J. Laidley. Old mega-projects newly packaged? Waterfront redevelopment in Toronto, International journal of urban and regional research, vol. 32, issue 4, 2008, 786-803.

D. Light, R. Creţan, S. Voiculescu, I.S. Jucu. Introduction: Changing Tourism in the Cities of Post-communist Central and Eastern Europe, Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 22:4, 2020, 465-477, DOI: 10.1080/19448953.2020.1775405

G. Lyons. Transport analysis in an uncertain world, Transport Reviews, 36:5, 2016, 553-557, DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2016.1194613

B. Machala, J. Koelemaij. Post-Socialist Urban Futures: Decision-Making Dynamics behind Large-Scale Urban Waterfront Development in Belgrade and Bratislava. Urban Planning, Volume 4, Issue 4, 2019, 6–17.

A. Matković, M. Ivković. Neoliberal instrumentalism and the fight against it: the “We Won’t Let Belgrade D(r)own” movement. East European Politics, Volume 34, Issue 1, 2018, 27-38.

M.L. Millspaugh. Waterfronts as catalysts for city renewal, in R. Marshall (eds.), Waterfronts in Post-industrial Cities, New York: Spon Press, 2001, 74-85.

G. Norcliffe, K. Bassett, T. Hoare. The emergence of postmodernism on the urban waterfront: geographical perspectives on changing relationships. Journal of Transport Geography. Volume 4, Issue, 2, 1996, 123-134.

A. Perić. Public engagement under authoritarian entrepreneurialism: The Belgrade Waterfront project. Urban Research & Practice, Volume 13, Issue 2, 2020, 213-227.

M. Petrović Balubdžić. Competition practice as a part of planning the Belgrade waterfront renewal in the early 21st century. Arhitektura i urbanizam, 50, 2020, 49-64.

M. Petrović Balubdžić. Creating the Belgrade waterfront identity through a prism of architecture and urban planning competitions. Spatium, 37, 2017, 74-81.

J. Pope. The ambiguous politics of improvisation: utopia to revanchism in Belgrade. Eurasian Geography and Economics, The Global Easts in global urbanism: views from beyond North and South, Volume 61, Issue 6, 2020, 711-739.

Regulation on the Establishment of the Spatial Plan for the Special Purpose Area of the Coastal Region of the City of Belgrade - the area of the Sava River Basin for the project "Belgrade on the Water", "Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia" No. 7/2015. In Serbian: Uredba o utvrđivanju Prostornog plana područja posebne namene uređenja dela priobalja grada Beograda – područje priobalja reke Save za projekat „Beograd na vodi“, „Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije“, broj 7/2015.

A. Stathopoulos, T. Tsekeris. Framework for analysing reliability and information degradation of demand matrices in extended transport networks, Transport Reviews, 23:1, 2003, 89-103,

M. Stokić, B. Radovanović. Construction logistics of Belgrade waterfront. Proceedings of the 2nd Logistics International Conference, Belgrade, Serbia, 21-23 May 2015, 303-308.

P. Taneja, H. Ligteringen, W.E. Walker. Flexibility in port planning and design, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, Issue 12 (1), 2011, 65–86.

The Transport Master plan of Belgrade SMART PLAN, Acceded on 26th September, 2022.

U.P. Timur. Urban Waterfront Regenerations. In: Özyavuz, M. (2013) Advances in Landscape Architecture. IntechOpen, Chapter 7, 2013, ISBN: 978-953-51-1167-2, 978-953-51-5381-8.

C. Varan, R. Creţan. Place and the spatial politics of intergenerational remembrance of the Iron Gates displacements in Romania 1966–1972, Area, Vol. 50, 2017, 509–519.

L. Vesalon, R. Cretan. ‘Cyanide kills!’ Environmental movements and the construction of environmental risk at Roşia Montană, Romania, Area, Vol. 45, Issue 4, 2013, 443-451.

P. Waddell. UrbanSim: Modeling urban development for land use, transportation, and environmental planning. Journal of the American planning association, 68(3), 2002, 297-314.

J. Wang, Z. Lu. A Historic Review of World Urban Waterfront Development [J]. City Planning Review, 7(010), 2001.

M. Wardman, V. P. K. Chintakayala, G. Jong. Values of travel time in Europe: review and meta-analysis. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 94, 2016, 93-111

F. V. Webster, P. H. Bly, N. J. Paulley, J. F. Brotchie. Urban land use and transport interaction; policies and models: report of the International Study Group on Land-Use/Transport Interaction (ISGLUTI), Aldershot, Hants, England, Brookfield, USA, Avebury, 1988.

M. Wegener. Applied models of urban land use, transport and environment: state of the art and future developments. In Network infrastructure and the urban environment Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1998, 245-267.

M. Wegener. Overview of land-use transport models. Handbook of transport geography and spatial systems, 5, 2004, 127-146.

D. M. Wrenn, J. A. Casazza, J. E. Smart, Urban Waterfront Development, Urban Land Institute, Washington, 1983.

S. Zekovic, T. Maricic, M. Vujoševic. Megaprojects as an Instrument of Urban Planning and Development: Example of Belgrade Waterfront. In: S. Hostettler, S. Najih Besson, J-C. Bolay (eds.) Technologies for Development from Innovation to Social Impact, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, Chapter 13, 2018, 153-164, ISBN 978-3-319-91067-3,

S. Zeković, T. Maričić. Contemporary governance of urban mega-projects: a case study of the Belgrade waterfront. Territory, Politics, Governance, 2020, 1-22,

H. Zeybek, M. Kaynak. Role of mega projects in sustainable urban transport in developing countries: the case of Istanbul Marmaray project. Proceedings of Codatu XIII: Sustainable Development Challenges of Transport in Cities of the Developing World: Doing what works, 2008, 12-14.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)
ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)
COBISS.SR-ID 98807559