Peter Nikolov

DOI Number
First page
Last page


There is a variety of synonyms to describe the transport of people that only use their physical activity for the need to travel, and active mobility is most commonly-used. Soft mobility, human-powered mobility, active travel, active transport, active transportation and active commute are also in the list. And beyond all doubt the most popular forms are walking and cycling.

The current paper explores some problems of active mobility, regarding the need for sustainable daily commute. In this point having sustainable alternatives to private motorised transport is vital for the development of settlements but often the importance of soft mobility in their connectivity with industrial areas is underestimated. Using active forms of transport, mainly bicycle and pedestrian traffic, as well as a combination of them and public transit, is a chance to make urban spaces more livable.

Many areas are difficult to be accessed without personal motorised transport and for the city of Varna the adjacent resorts and industrial territories are such a striking example as their connection with the rest of the settlement is full of barriers to cycling and walking commute.

In this paper, regarding its topic, the author explores some issues that people face every day in the city of Varna and searches chances for future improvement based on a good practice example from Barcelona.


active mobility, daily commute, industrial areas, transport connectivity, sustainability.

Full Text:



Kovachev Atanas, Slaev Alexandar, Nozharova Boriana, Nikolov Peter, Petrov, Plamen, 2018, Can public participation contribute to sustainable mobility? The experience of Bulgarian cities, in Bolay, J.C., Maričić T., Zeković, S. (Eds.), A Support to Urban Development Process, Belgrade: EPFL & IAUS, pp.59-79, ISBN: 978-2-8399-2394-1.

Oldenziel Ruth, Albert de la Bruheze, A.A.: "Contested Spaces: Bicycle Lanes in Urban Europe, 1900-1995." Transfers : Interdisciplinary Journal of Mobility Studies, Vol 1, No.2, 29-49, 2011.

Hannon Eric, McKerracher Colin, Orlandi Itamar, Ramkumar Surya: An integrated perspective on the future of mobility. Report produced by McKinsey & Company, Inc. and Bloomberg New Energy Finance. 2016. (16.05.2023)

Nikolov Peter: Architectural ecology – Sustainable urban planning, In Proceedings of International Scientific Conference Architecture, Construction, Modernity, Varna, Bulgaria, 258-264, 31.05. – 01.06.2007.

Lindelöw David: Running to stand still - the role of travel time in transport planning. Urban move report. Urban insight 2018. SWECO. 2018. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.35052.26247

Nikolov Peter, Nozharova Boryana: “The development of contemporary urban transportation in relation to urban street network”, In Book of proceedings from 3rd International Conference on Urban Planning – ICUP 2020, Nis, 41-47, 12–13 November 2020. ISSN 2738-0548 (25.05.2023) (25.05.2023)

Nikolov Peter, “Timeline in urban form and transportation systems of some Bulgarian cities”, In Proceedings of the 4th International Scientific Conference on Architecture and Civil Engineering ArCivE 2021. Varna, Bulgaria, 217-224, 2021. ISSN 2535-0781

Zahavi Jacov, Traveltime budgets and mobility in urban areas, U.S. Department of Transportation,Washington, D.C. 1974.

Stoichkov Asen, Komunikatsia i transport v naselenite mesta, DI „Tehnika“, Sofia, 1980.

Marchetti Cesare, Anthropological Invariants in Travel Behavior, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol 47, No.1, Elsevier Science Inc. 1994.

Abrantes Pedro, Ellerton Tom, Haines-Doran Tom, The Case for Active Travel. How walking and cycling can support more vibrant urban economies. Working paper. Urban Transport Group, Wellington House, Leeds, 2016.

Pisoni Enrico, Christidis Panayotis, Navajas Cawood Elena, Active mobility versus motorized transport? User choices and benefits for the society. Science of The Total Environment, Vol 806, Part 2, 2021, 150627, ISSN 0048-9697,

Raustorp Johan, Koglin Till, The potential for active commuting by bicycle and its possible effects on public health. Journal of Transport & Health, Vol. 13, 72–77, 2019. ISSN 2214-1405,

Maltese Ila, Gatta Valerio, Marcucci Edoardo, Active travel in sustainable urban mobility plans. An Italian overview. Research in Transportation Business & Management, Vol.40, 2021, 100621, ISSN 2210-5395,

Useche Sergio, Montoro Luis, Sanmartin Jaime, Alonso Francisco, Healthy but risky: A descriptive study on cyclists’ encouraging and discouraging factors for using bicycles, habits and safety outcomes, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Vol. 62, 587–598, 2019. ISSN 1369-8478, ( 12.06.2023) (12.06.2023) (11.06.2023) (11.06.2023) (11.06.2023) (11.06.2023)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)
ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)
COBISS.SR-ID 98807559