HE DEVELOPMENT OF CONTROLLED DAMAGE MECHANISMS-BASED DESIGN METHOD FOR NONLINEAR STATIC PUSHOVER ANALYSIS

Mladen Ćosić, Stanko Brčić

DOI Number
-
First page
25
Last page
40

Abstract


Abstract. This paper presents the original method of controlled building damage mechanisms based on Nonlinear Static Pushover Analysis (NSPA-DMBD). The optimal building damage mechanism is determined based on the solution of the Capacity Design Method (CDM), and the response of the building is considered in incremental situations. The development of damage mechanism of a system in such incremental situations is being controlled on the strain level, examining the relationship of current and limit strains in concrete and reinforcement steel. Since the procedure of the system damage mechanism analysis according to the NSPA-DMBD method is being iteratively implemented and designing checked after the strain reaches the limit, for this analysis a term Iterative-Interactive Design (IID) has been introduced. By selecting, monitoring and controlling the optimal damage mechanism of the system and by developed NSPA-DMBD method, damage mechanism of the building is being controlled and the level of resistance to an early collapse is being increased.

Key words: damage mechanisms, strains, Capacity Design Method, Nonlinear Static Pushover Analysis, Iterative-Interactive Design

 



Full Text:

PDF

References


M. Williams and R. Sexsmith, “Seismic damage indices for concrete structures: a state-of-the-art review”, Earthquake spectra, vol 11, iss. 2, 1995, pp. 319-349.

A. Ghobarah, H. Abou-Elfath and A. Biddah, “Response-based damage assessment of structures”, Eart. Eng. and Str. Dyn., vol. 28, iss. 1, 1999, pp. 79-104.

Y. Park, A. Ang and Y. Wen, “Seismic damage analysis of reinforced concrete buildings”, Journal of Str. Eng., vol. 111, iss. 4, 1985, pp. 740-757.

Y. Park, A. Ang and Y. Wen, “Damage-limiting aseismic design of buildings”, Eart. Spec., vol. 3, iss. 1, 1987, pp. 1-26.

M. Roufaiel and C. Meyer, “Reliability of concrete frames damaged by earthquakes”, Journal of Str. Eng., vol. 113, iss. 3, 1987, pp. 445-457.

Đ. Ladjinović and R. Folić, “Application of improved damage index for designing of earthquake resistant structures”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 2135, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-15.

S. Jeong and A. Elnashai, “Analytical and experimental seismic assessment of irregular RC buildings”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 113, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-15.

T. Dinh, T. Ichinose and N. Marubashi, “Collapse control of irregular wall buildings using story-safety factor”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 1340, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-14.

Z. Qu, L. Ye and A. Wada, “Seismic damage mechanism control of RC ductile frames from a stiffness point of view”, 8th International Conf. on Urban Eart. Eng., Tokyo, Japan, 2011, pp. 1-5.

M. Maeda, Y. Nakano and K. Lee, “Post-earthquake damage evaluation for R/C buildings based on residual seismic capacity”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 1179, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-15.

Y. Nakano, M. Maeda. H. Kuramoto and M. Murakami, “Guideline for post-earthquake damage eval. and rehab. of RC buildings in Japan”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 124, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-15.

Y. Bozorgnia and V. Bertero, “Damage spectrum and its applications to performance-based earthquake engineering”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 1497, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-8.

A. Manafpour, “A damage-controlled force-based seismic design method for RC frames”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 2670, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-22.

C. Loh and A. Chao, “The use of damage function in performance-based seismic design of structures”, 13th WCEE, Paper No. 3257, Vancouver, Canada, 2004, pp. 1-15.

T. Takada and Nakano, “Seismic load effect directly linked to specified collapse mechanisms in ultimate limit state design”, 12th WCEE, Paper No. 2560, Auckland, New Zealand, 2000, pp. 1-9.

C. Adam and C. Jager, “Dynamic instabilities of simple inelastic structures subjected to earthquake excitation”, Adv. Dyn. and Model-Based Ctrl of Struc. and Mach., Springer, 2012, pp. 11-18.

Y. Lieping and Q. Zhe, “Failure mechanism and its control of building structures under earthquakes based on structural system concept”, Journal of Eart. and Tsu., vol. 3, iss. 4, 2009, pp. 249-259.

S. Goel, S Chao, Performance-Based Plastic Design: Earthquake-Resistant Steel Structures, SEA, 2008.

D. Vamvatsikosa and A. Cornell, Seismic Performance, Capacity and Reliability of Structures as Seen Through Incremental Dynamic Analysis, The John A. Blume EE Center, Report No. 151, USA, 2005.

L. Ibarra and H. Krawinkler, Global Collapse of Frame Structures under Seismic Excitations, PEER Center, PEER 2005/06, 2005.

B. Bradley, R. Dhakal and J. Mander, “Modeling and analysis of multi-storey buildings designed to principles of ductility and damage avoidance”, 10th EAPCSEC, Bangkok, Thailand, 2006, pp. 1-6.

C. Goulet, C. Haselton, J. Mitrani, J. Beck, G. Deierlein, K. Porter and J. Stewart, “Evaluation of the seismic performance of a code-conforming reinforced-concrete frame building: from seismic hazard to collapse safety and economic losses”, Eart. Eng. and Str. Dyn., vol. 36, iss. 13, 2007, pp. 1973-1997.

C. Haselton and G. Deierlein, Assessing Seismic Collapse Safety of Modern Reinforced Concrete Moment-Frame Buildings, PEER Center, PEER 2007/08, 2008.

S. Krishnan and M. Muto, “Mechanism of collapse of tall steel moment frame buildings under earthquake excitation”, Journal of Str. Eng., vol. 138, iss. 11, 2012, pp. 1361-1387.

A. Mwafy and A. Elnashai, “Static pushover versus dynamic collapse analysis of RC buildings”, Engineering Structures, vol. 23, iss. 5, 2001. pp. 407-424.

K. Meguro and H. Tagel, “Applied element method used for large displacement structural analysis”, Journal of Nat. Disas. Sci., vol. 24, iss. 1, 2002, pp. 25-34.

Eurocode 8, Design of Structures for Earthquake Resistance - Part 1: General Rules, Seismic Actions and Rules for Buildings, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, Belgium, 2004.

T. Paulay and M. Priestley, Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1992.

SAP 2000, Integrated Software for Structural Analysis and Design, CSI Berkeley, USA, 2010.

ATC 40, Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings, Vol. 1, Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, USA, 1996.

FEMA 356, Pre-Standard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, American Society of Civil Engineers, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington D. C., USA, 2000.

H. Sadd, Elasticity: Theory, Applications and Numerics, Elsevier, New York, USA, 2005.

S. Antoniou and R. Pinho, “Advantages and limitations of adaptive and non-adaptive force-based pushover procedures”, Journal of Earth. Eng., vol. 8, iss. 4, 2004, pp. 497-522.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)

ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)