Snezana Kalamkovic, Tibor Halasi

DOI Number
First page
Last page


This paper describes the archaeological sites Mediana and Naisus during Late Antiquity. Microscopic imagesof  bricks, and the results and analysis of XRF bricks from these archaeological sites are shown. Based on the results, it can be concluded that a similar brick exterior, and approximately the same chemical composition. One reason is, most likely, a similar chemical composition of the soil, because the archaeological sites are geographically close to each other. Another reason  could be the same way bricks were producted, and that the same fuel was used in the kilns.

Full Text:



Ovidije P.: Metamorfoze, I, Dereta-Beograd, prvi put štampano 1561, 1991, 192, [2] Drča S.: Naissus, Arheološko blago Niša-od neolita do srednjeg veka, SANU, Beograd, 2004, 49-58.5,

Pinterović D.: Mursa i njeno područje u doba antike, Osijek, 1978, 62,

Petrović P.: Niš u antičko doba, Istorija Niša I, Niš, 1983, 53-75,

Kondić J.: Kasnoantičko srebro, Antičko srebro u Srbiji, Beograd, 1994, 55-67,

Jovanović A.: Arheološke beleške iz kasnoantičkog Naisa i okoline, Niš i Vizantija 1, Niš, 2003,

American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTM Committee C-15 on Manufactured Masonry Units.: Standard test methods for sampling and testing brick and structural clay tile. West Conshohocken, Pa.: ASTM International, 2002,

Başar E. M.: The alteration effects of environmental conditions on ancient Selçuk bricks used in historical buildings of Konya, Scientific Research and Essays, Central Turkey, Vol. 6(17), ISSN 1992-2248, 2011, 3657-3667,

Bianchini G., Marrocchino E., Moretti A., Vaccaro C.: Chemical-mineralogical characterization of historical bricks from Ferrara: an integrated bulk and micro-analytical approach, Geological Society, London, Special Publications 2006, vol. 257, 2006, 127-140,

Callister W. D., Rethwisch D. G. Jr.: Materials science and engineering, 8 izdanje, John Wiley and Sons, SBN 978-0-470, 2010,

Cultrone G., Sebastian E., de la Torre M. J.: Mineralogical and physical behaviour of solid bricks with additivies, Construction and Building Materials, 19, 2005, 39-48,

Dunham A. C.: Developments in industrial mineralogy: I. the mineralogy of brick-making, Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 49(2), 1992, 95-104,

Elert K., Cultrone G., Navarro C. R., Pardo E. S.: Durability of bricks used in the conservation of historic buildings-influence of composition and microstructure, Journal of Cultural Heritage, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, (4), 2004, 91-99,

El‐Gohary M. A., Al‐Naddaf M. M.: Characteriyation of Bricks Used in the External Casing of Roman Bath Walls Gadara-Jordan, Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 9, 2, 2009, 29-46,

Jones C.: The Use of Engineering Technology in the Determination of Historic Brickwork, Tusculum Institute, 2011,

Lopez-Arce P., Benavente D., Garcia-Guinea J.: Durability improvement of ancient bricks by cementation of porous media, Figura 1, Lopez-Arce et al., Journal of American 23, 2005.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)
ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)
COBISS.SR-ID 98807559