Tanja Trkulja, Ljiljana Došenović, Nikola Matić

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The continuous presence of the landscape concept in planning and design of the Banja Luka area until the end of the 20th century influenced the formation of the identity of Banja Luka as a green city. However, in the last twenty years, there is the absence of the green city concept from planning and designing Banja Luka's area. In order to improve the state of urban greenery and achieve the satisfactory condition of the endangered landscape elements, this paper re-examines their significance for the city. The green infrastructure has ecological, social and aesthetic function and becomes an imperative in defining the strategic goals of a sustainable city. The study showed, that there are possibilities of increasing the size of green areas and improving the quality of the green area in the built city tissue. One of those possibilities is the transformation of the existing brownfields into green areas. From the perspective of urban planning, the purpose of this paper is to point out the possibility of implementing the greenways in the city structure for the case study in Banja Luka. In this context, the research focuses on the area of the former Incel factory and the ability to transform the abandoned railways into a greenway. In this research, the sustainable spatial development context of Banja Luka is regarded as a permanent category which includes, among the others, the ambient values, the spirit of the place and the features of a green city are important for the city's inhabitants.


urban planning, brownfields, green city, greenways, Banja Luka, Incel factory

Full Text:



Baker, C., Mahe, R., Wiseman, K. (2009). New Ways to Look at Old Spaces: A vision for green infrastructure networks. Proposal for the 2009 TD Friends of the Environment Foundation Go Green Challenge.

Benedict, M. A., McMahon, E. Т. (2002). Green Infrastructure: Smart Conservation for the 21st Century., accessed 28. 12. 2017.

“Business Zone” Banja Luka. (2011). Action plan for implementing measures for successful business operations and successful exit strategy.

CABERNET. (2006). Sustainable Brownfield regeneration: CABERNET network report. UK: University of Nottingham.

Decision of making the Regulatory plan of business zone “Medeno polje” in Banja Luka. Official Gazette of the city Banja Luka, No 9/2002.

Development strategy of small and medium enterprises in the city of Banja Luka 2010-2015. Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska, No 05/2011.

Došenović, Lj., Trkulja, T., Sekulić, M. (2017). Recreation function of forest complexes as an element of urban planning: a view from Republic of Srpska. The Facta Universitatis, Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering 15 (1), 103–115. DOI:

Djukić, A. (Ed.), Vujičić, T. (Ed.) et al. (2014). Manual for establishing of interactive database of brownfield locations. Banja Luka: University of Banja Luka and Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy.

Kirjakov, A. (1952). Generalni urbanistički plan Banja Luke. Sarajevo: Urbanistički zavod glavne uprave za komunalne poslove Narodne Republike Bosne i Hercegovine.

Law on Spatial Planning and Construction. Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska, No 40/2013.

Lille Declaration. European Greenways Association, 12th September 2000.

Little, C. E. (1990). Greenways for America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Matić, N. (2017). Parterre-landscape design of the linear park within “Business Zone” Banja Luka. Banja Luka: University of Banja Luka and Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy.

Mišeljić, Lj. (2014). Banjaluka industrial decay: manufacturing plants turned into wedding and funeral salons., accessed 10. 1. 2018.

Regulatory plan of business zone “Medeno polje” in Banja Luka 2002-2010. Official Gazette of the city Banja Luka, No 9/2005.

Sopron Declaration. Environmental Partnership for Sustainable Development, 1st July 2006

Ševo, Lj. (1996). Urban Development of Banja Luka. Banja Luka: Institute for protection of cultural and natural monuments.

Tjallingii, S. (2005). Green Structure and urban planning, general outcomes of Cost C11. In A. C. Werquin et al. (Eds.) Greenstructure and Urban Planning – Final Report 2005. EuropenCommision, COST Action.

Trkulja, T. (2015). Defining methodological principles for regeneration of abandoned railway corridors in the Republic of Srpska. Doctoral Dissertation. Beograd: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Architecture.

The Urbanisation Plan of Banja Luka (1975). Banja Luka: Institute for urbanisam.

Vidaković, S. (2006). Architecture of public buildings in Banja Luka (1918-1941). Banja Luka: University of Banja Luka and Academy of Arts.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)
ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)
COBISS.SR-ID 98807559