Ana Vukadinovic, Jasmina Radosavljević, Amelija Đorđević, Nemanja Petrović

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The increase in energy consumption within building design and construction and the issues related to environmental protection have steered many current researchers toward examining the ways to reduce total CO­­2 emissions, which resulted in the development of various measures to increase energy efficiency. One measure for more cost-efficient and rational use of energy resources in individual residential buildings is the application of passive solar systems with a sunspace. This paper presents the effects of the shape factor of a residential building with a passive sunspace on the total consumption of heating and cooling energy. The total amount of energy required for building heating and cooling was calculated by means of dynamic modelling using EnergyPlus software. The simulations were run according to the meteorological parameters for the city of Niš. For simulation purposes, models of residential buildings with a passive sunspace and square- and rectangle-shaped floors were designed. The variations between the models include different building shape factor, floor geometry, surface area of the southern façade, and glazing percentage, i.e. window-to-wall ratio (WWR). Examination of the models with WWR=20%, WWR=40%, and WWR=60% revealed that the elongated shape of a building with the aspect ratio of 2.25:1, with the longer side of the façade facing south, is the most favourable in terms of heating energy consumption. For the same WWRs, the elongated shape of a building with the aspect ratio of 1.56:1, with the longer side of the façade facing south, is the most favourable in terms of cooling energy consumption. As WWR increases, so does the amount of energy required to cool the building. The biggest increase in heating energy consumption was observed in buildings with the aspect ratio 1:2.25, with the shorter side facing south.


passive system design, sunspace, residential building, energy efficiency

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