Dragoljub Borojevic

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Why does the the man feel more comfortable in some surroundings than in some other and what is there in the surroundings and in a the man that causes that state of his  spirit? It is obvious that one`s reactions to surroundings are reflexive and uncontrolled, yet they happen according to certain patterns. To adjust to his natural surroundings as much as he can, during evolution the the man developed mechanisms (intuitive reactions) that made it possible for him to react to the changes in his environment much faster and more effectively, which was of the key importance for survival. By developing intuitive reactions to surroundings, the the man acquired a special apparatus through which he sees much more in his surroundings than he is aware. Esthetic reactions and esthetic preferences make a part of that apparatus and they have an adaptive role. Thanks to rewarding certain behaviors with comfortable feelings, elements and physical characteristics (compositions, relationships) useful for survival that the man notices in his surrounding have become beautiful to him. Evolutionary psychology, psychology, esthetics and neuroesthetics all research why and how the the man reacts to certain physical characteristics of the surroundings. The goal of this research is to check if the the man notices elements and relations from natural surroundings in architectural space, since evolution “taught” him that he needs them for survival. It also aims to check how the the man reacts to the preferred shapes, relations, and compositions from natural surroundings when they are found in architectural space and to check factors that influence esthetic preferences. Discoveries of esthetic reactions, esthetic preference and evolutionary base of those reactions can be applied in architecture in order to create space and shapes that are customized for the the man.


evolution, intuitive reactions, esthetic preferences, form, natural environment, space

Full Text:



A. Joksić, "E.O.Wilson Stvorenje. Poziv na spas života na Zemlji", časopis studenata filozofije, Zagreb, br.18/19, 2010, pp.148-153.

A. Gerhardt, "Food Addition An Examination of the Diaognostic Criteria for Dependence", Jounal of addiction 3 (1): 1-7, 2009.

D. Janković, "Razvoj estetske preferencije slika" doktorska disertacija Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu, 2014.

G.H. Orians, "Habitat selection: General theory and applications to huthe man behavior", from The Evolution of Huthe man Social Behavior (Edited by Lockard S.J), 1980.

G. H. Orians; J. H. Heerwagen: "Evolved Responses to Landscapes", from "The Adapted Mind", 1992, pp. 555-579.

G.H. Orians, "An ecological and evolutionary approach to landscape aesthetics",In:Penning-Rowsell, E.C.&D.Lowenthal, Landscape Meanings and Values, Allen & Unwin, London, 1986.

H. Gabr, "Theories & Philosophy Arstetics", Enviromental Behavior Theoris of Aestetics, postgraduate studies in Architecture, Department of Archtecture, University Cairo, 2005.

I. Kardum, "Evolucijski pristup u psihologiji ličnosti, Evolucija društvenosti", Naklada Jasenski i Turk, Zagreb,2004, pp. 129-145

I. Kardum, A. Gračanin, "Emocije kao adaptacije: Pregled evolucijskih shvaćanja emocija", Evolucija društvenosti, Naklada Jasenski i Turk, Zagreb,2004, pp. 275-288.

J. Cvijić, "Balkansko poluostrvo i južnoslovenske zemlje", prevod prvog dijela knjige objavljene u Francuskoj La Peninsule Balkanique, Geographie Huthe mane, u maju 1918. Godine, preveo Borivoje Drobnjaković 1922.

J.D. Haynes, , "Reading hidden Intentions in the Huthe man Brain",current Biology 17, pp. 323-328, 2007.

J.H. Reichholf, " Evolution. Eine kurze geschichte von Mensch und Natur", München, 2016.

M. Steiner, “Kantova estetika.” Obnova. života (52), 6, 1997. Str. 553-546.

N. L. Etcoff, "Survival of the prettiest: The science of beauty", New York, NY: Doubleday, 1999.

N. L. Etcoff, "Beautiful Faces Have Variable Reward Value:fMRI and Behavioral Evidence", Neuron, vol. 32, pp. 537-551, 2001.

P. Ognjenović, "Jedan ili više nivoa estetske odluke",LEP Saopštenja, br.1, 1980, str. 1-14.

R.S. Ulrich, “Effects of Hospital Environments on Patient Well-Being.” Research Report from Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine. Norway Dept of Pyschiatry and Behavioural Medicine. University of Trondheim Vol. 9, 55. , 1986.

S. Kaplan, "Aethetics, affect, and cognition: Environmental preference from an evolutionary perspective", Environment and Behavior, 19(1), 1987, pp. 3-32.

T. Markus, "Naturalist u tehničkom društvu:ekološka misao Edwarda o. Wilsona", Socijalna ekologija, Zagreb, br 4., 2005, pp. 327-352.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)

ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)