Vesna Janković-Milić, Vinko Lepojević, Jelena Stanković

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Measuring poverty is of utmost importance for any economy in order to look at the extent and causes of the vulnerability of the population, but also to formulate social and economic policy measures and measure their effects. The multidimensionality of poverty makes it difficult to quantify and measure it. The subject of research is the components of the AROPE (At risk of poverty and social exclusion) indicator in the countries of the European Union (EU). Using the cluster analysis, the EU countries were grouped into homogeneous units, after which the significance of the difference in the average values of the analyzed indicators was tested. Based on the obtained results, the hypothesis of pronounced heterogeneity of EU countries from the aspect of poverty was confirmed.


European Union, poverty, material deprivation, heterogeneity, cluster analysis

Full Text:



Blanchet, T., Chancel L. & Gethin A. (2019). How Unequal Is Europe? Evidence from Distributional National Accounts, 1980-2017. Retrieved from: https://wid.world/document/bcg2019-full-paper/ Accessed on: 19 May 2019.

Boarini, R. & Mira d'Ercole, M. (2006). Measures of Material Deprivation in OECD Countries. In: OECD social, employment and migration working papers.

Brewer, M. & O’Dea, C. (2012). Measuring Living Standards with Income and Consumption: Evidence from the UK. Institute for Social & Economic Research Working Paper Series (2012-05).

Calve, T.J., Benson, P.G. & Sincich, T. (2002). Statistics for business and economics. New Jersey.

Đorđević V., Lepojević V. & Janković-Milić V. (2011). Primena statističkih metoda u istraživanju tržišta [Application of statistical methods in market research]. Niš: Ekonomski fakultet.

European Commission. (2009). Portfolio of indicators for the monitoring of the European Strategy for Social Protection and Social Inclusion – 2009 update. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/KE-06-14-163-EN-N%20(5).pdf Accessed on: 29 September 2018.

Eurostat, European social statistics pocketbook – All social statistics on the EU in one publication 112/2013. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/ 3930297/5968986/KS-FP-13-001-EN.PDF/ Accessed on: 29 September 2018.

Eurostat, People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by age group. Retrieved from: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php?title=File:People_at_risk_of_poverty_or_social_exclusion_by_age_group,_2012.png&filetimestamp=20131203134426. Accessed on: 29 September 2018.

Eurostat. (2013). Statistical matching of EU-SILC and the Household Budget Survey to compare poverty estimates using income, expenditures and material deprivation. Eurostat Methodologies and Working papers. Retrieved from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3888793/5857145/KS-RA-13-007-EN.PDF/37d4ffcc-e9fc-42bc-8d4f-fc89c65ff6b1 Accessed on: 14 April 2019.

Eurostat. (2013). The measurement of poverty and social inclusion in the EU: achievements and further improvements. The way forward in poverty measurement. Geneva: United Nations Economic Commission For Europe.

Everitt, B., Landau, S., Leese, M. & Stahl D. (2011). Cluster Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, USA

Fisher, G.M. (1992). The Development and History of the Poverty Thresholds. Social Security Bulletin, 55 (4), 3-14.

Fusco, A., Guio, A.C. & Marlier, E. (2010). Characterising the Income Poor and the Materially Deprived in European Countries. In B. A. Atkinson, & E. Marlier, Income and Living Conditions in Europe (pp. 133-155). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Gordon, D. (2006). The Concept and Measurement of Poverty. In: C.G. Pantazis, Poverty and Social Exclusion in Britain (pp. 29-69). Bristol: The Policy Press.

Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J. & Anderson, R.E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis-A Global Perspective, Upper Saddle River NJ, Pearson Education

Kraatz, S. (2016). Borba protiv siromaštva, socijalne isključenosti i diskriminacije [Combating poverty, social exclusion and discrimination]. Retrieved from: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/atyourservice/hr/displayFtu.html?ftuId=FTU_5.10.9.html. Accessed on: 04 May 2019.

Martić, M. (2015). Dimenzije i pokazatelji socijalne marginalizacije sa posebnim osvrtom na Bosnu i Hercegovinu [Dimensions and indicators of social marginalization with special reference to Bosnia and Herzegovina]. GEA – Centar za istraživanja i studije.

Milosavljević, M. (2008). Siromaštvo u svetu i u Srbiji [Poverty in the world and in Serbia], Socijalna misao. 4, Beograd.

Rencher, A. (2002). Methods of Multivariate Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, USA.

World Bank (WB), Working for a World Free of Poverty, Retrieved from: http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm?1 Accessed on: 04 May 2019.

World Hunger Notes, (2013) World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics. Retrieved from: http://www.worldhunger.org/articles/Learn/world%20hunger%20facts%202002.htm Accessed on: 19 May 2019.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FUEO1904403J


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4699 (Print)

ISSN 2406-050X (Online)