Kada Biteur, Belkacem Benadda, Ahmed Nour El Islam Ayad

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Ultra-Wideband Direct Sequences Code Division Multiple Access (DS-DMA) plays an important role in the case of multi-terminal multi-application communications of UWB devices. In the case of UWB systems that exploit the injection of the pulse itself directly to the antenna hence the very wide bandwidth, generation of suitable DS-CDMA codes poses a real challenge. In this paper we will describe our novel UWB transmission  which uses pseudo-orthogonal time code (POC) as DS-CDMA sequences. The suggested codes are unipolar sequences with chips that may be dynamically modified to target a certain number of users or applications. Our approach bypasses the modulations schemes commonly used on UWB systems. Moreover, as perspectives to our work, it would be very interesting to realize our new approach based on an FPGA circuit.


UWB systems, pseudo-orthogonal code (POC), direct sequence-CDMA

Full Text:



K. H. Liu, L. Cai and X. S. Shen, ''Exclusive-region based scheduling algorithms for UWB WP'', IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun., 2008, 7, 933–942.

Z. P. Li and G. S. Kuo, ''Layered MAC for high-rate UWB WPAN system''. In Proceedings of the IEEE 64th Vehicular Technology Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 7–10 May 2006, pp. 1-5.

N. M. Aripin and N. Fisal, ''Analysis of channel time allocations for MPEG-4 video transmission over UWB WPAN'', In Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics & Applications, (ISIEA 2009), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4–6 October 2009; vol. 2, pp. 705-710.

J. Clerk Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, 3rd ed., vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon, 1892, pp. 68-73.

B. Yu, D. Yang and B. Wang, ''Design of UWB Antenna with Double Band-notched in 5G'', In Proceedings of the IEEE 5th Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IAEAC), 12-14 March 2021, pp. 480-483.

A. M. Islam, E. I. Emon and A. Ahmed, ''A Metamaterial Loaded Microstrip Patch Antenna for Lower 5G'', U-NII Spectrum, Math. Model. Eng. Probl., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 556-562, Dec. 2020.

P. Tiwari and P. K. Malik, ''Design of UWB Antenna for the 5G Mobile Communication Applications: A Review'', In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computation, Automation and Knowledge Management (ICCAKM), 9-10 Jan. 2020, pp. 24-30.

D. G. Leeper, ''A long-term view of short-range wireless'', IEEE Computer, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 39-44, Jun 2001.

S. Elajoumi, A. Tajmouati, J. Zbitou, A. Errkik, A. M. Sanchez and M. Latrachee, ''Bandwidth Enhancement of Compact Microstrip Rectangular Antennas for UWB Applications'', TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 1559-1568, 2019.

C. R. Nassar, F. Zhu and Z. Wu, ''Direct Sequence Spreading UWB Systems: Frequency Domain Processing For Enhanced Performance and Throughput in Communications'', In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2003, vol. 3, pp. 2180-2186.

B. Hu and N. C. Beaulieu, ''Accurate Performance Evaluation of Time Hopping and Direct-Sequence UWB Systems in Mmulti-User Interference'', IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1053-1062, 2005.

W. Wu, Z. Y. Wu and W. Ji. Xie, ''UWB PPM-TH and PAM-DS System with Time Reversal and Its Improved Solution'', In Proceedings of the IEEE 6th International Conference on Information and Automation for Sustainability, 27-29 Sept. 2012, pp. 332-336.

L. Lu and V. K. Dubey, ''Performance of a Complete Complementary Code-Based Spread-Time CDMA System in a Fading Channel'', IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 250-259, Jan. 2008.

B. R. Vojcic and R. L. Pickholtz, ''Direct-Sequence Code Division Multiple Access for Ultra-Wide Bandwidth Impulse Radio'' In Proceedings of the IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM), 2003, vol. 2, pp. 898-902.

A. Gupta and L. Bhaskar, ''Performance Analysis of Different PN Sequence and Orthogonal Spreading Sequences in DS-SS'', In Proceedings of the IEEE 5th International Conference - Confluence the Next Generation Information Technology Summit, 25-26 Sept. 2014, pp. 890-892.

N. T. Huyen and P. T. Hiep, ''Proposing Adaptive PN Sequence Length Scheme for Testing Non-Destructive Structure Using DS-UWB'', In Proceedings of the 3rd International IEEE Conference on Recent Advances in Signal Processing, Telecommunications & Computing (SigTelCom), 21-22 March 2019, pp. 10-14.

I. Opperman, J. Iinatti and M. Hčamčalčainen, UWB Theory and Applications, the Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO 19 8SQ, England, Wiley 2004.

H. S. Hamid, M. S. Mohammed and M. I. Mustafa, ''Design Low Power Detection QPSK-Transceiver for UWB'', In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Engineering Techniques, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 881, 2020, p. 012134.

J. A. Salehi and C. A. Brackett, '' Code Division Multiple-Access Techniques in Optical Fiber Networks-Part I: Fundamental principles'', IEEE Trans. on Comm., vol. 8, no. 37, pp. 824-833, Aug. 1989.

K. Biteur and M. Kandouci, ''Successive Interference Cancellation Receiver (SIC) in DS-OCDMA System'', In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM), 16-20 Dec. 2012, pp. 1-4.

H. Chung and P. Kumar, ''Optical orthogonal Codes - New Bounds and An Optimal Construction'', IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 36, pp. 866-873.

K. Biteur and M. Kandouci, ''Conventional Receiver With Optical Limiter in DS-OCDMA System'', Int. J. Adv. Eng. Technol., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1494-1504, Sept. 2013.

T. Sarkar, A. Ghosh, S. Chakraborty, L. L. Kumar Singh, ''A new insightful exploration into a low profile ultra-wide-Band (UWB) Microstrip Antenna for DS-UWB Applications'', J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 1-19, 2021.

A. Jassim, ''Performances of multiuser interference using pulse amplitude modulation with time hoping for Ultra Wideband'', International Journal of Electronics, Communication& Instrumentation Engineering Research and Development (IJECIERD), vol. 6, no. 4, Aug 2016.

I. Čuljak, Ž. Lučev Vasić, H. Mihaldinec and H. Džapo, ''Wireless Body Sensor Communication Systems Based on UWB and IBC Technologies: State-of-the-Art and Open Challenges'', Sensors, vol. 20, no. 12, p. 3587, Jun 2020.

A. Ramesha, A. Nareshb, N. V. Seshagiri Raoc, ''Technique for Reduction of Inters Symbol Interference in UWB'', In Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology (ICETEST), 2015, pp. 812-819.

S. Im and E. J. Powers, ''An algorithm for Estimating Signal to Noise Ratio of UWB Signals'', IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1905–1908, 2005.

L. Bo, Q.-Z. Liu, Z.-D. Yin and Z.-l. Wu, ''A Novel SNR Estimator for DS-UWB Wireless Sensor Network'', DEStech Trans. Comput. Sci. Eng., 2017.

F. Ramirez-Mirles, ''On the Performance of Ultra Wideband Signals in Gaussian Noise and Dense Multipath'', IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 244- 249, Jan. 2001.

Md. A. Azim, H. Mohammad, M. Rahman and N. Amin, ''Direct Sequence Ultra Wideband System Design for Wireless Sensor Network'', In Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering, 13-15 May 2008, pp. 1131-1135.

L. Sneler, T. Matic and I. Galic, ''The FPGA System for Evaluation of UWB Wireless Sensor Network Based on Transmitted Reference Integral Pulse Frequency Modulator'', In Proceedings of the IEEE Zooming Innovation in Consumer Technologies Conference (ZINC), 2018, pp. 55-57.

C. Thomos and G. Kalivas, ''FPGA-Based Architecture of a DS-UWB Channel Estimator and RAKE Receiver Employing a Hybrid Selection Scheme'', In Proceedings of the IEEE 17th International Conference on Telecommunications, 2010, pp. 903-909.

M. Cervetto, E. Marchi and C. G. Galarza, ''A Fully Configurable SoC-Based IR-UWB Platform for Data Acquisition and Algorithm Testing'', IEEE Embed. Syst. Lett., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 53-56, June 2021.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 0353-3670 (Print)

ISSN: 2217-5997 (Online)

COBISS.SR-ID 12826626