### FUZZY-BASED REAL-CODED GENETIC ALGORITHM FOR OPTIMIZING NON-CONVEX ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMIC LOSS DISPATCH

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#### Abstract

*A non-convex Environmental Economic Loss Dispatch (NCEELD) is a constrained multi-objective optimization problem that has been solved for assigning generation cost to all the generators of the power network with equality and inequality constraints. The objectives considered for simultaneous optimization are emission, economic load and network loss dispatch. The valve-point loading, prohibiting operating zones and ramp rate limit issues have also been taken into consideration in the generator fuel cost. The tri-objective problem is transformed into a single objective function via the price penalty factor. The NCEELD problem is simultaneously optimized using a fuzzy-based real-coded genetic algorithm (GA). The proposed technique determines the best solution from a Pareto optimal solution set based on the highest rank. The efficacy of the projected method has been demonstrated on the IEEE 30-bus network with three and six generating units. The attained results are compared to existing results and found superior in terms of finding the best-compromise solution over other existing methods such as GA, particle swarm optimization, flower pollination algorithm, biogeography-based optimization **and differential evolution**. The statistical analysis has also been carried out for convex multi-objective problem.*

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