Nafaâ Jabeur, Hedi Haddad

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Numerous challenges, including limited resources, random mobility, and lack of standardized communication protocols, are currently preventing a myriad of heterogeneous devices to interact and provide Web services within the context of the Web of Things (WoT). We argue in this paper that these devices should be augmented with artificial intelligence techniques for an enhanced management of their resources and an easier construction of Web applications integrating Real World Things (RWT). To this end, we present a new classification of the WoT challenges and highlight the opportunities of embedding smartness into RWT. We also present our vision of Intelligent WoT by proposing a multiagent system-based architecture for intelligent Web service composition. In addition, we discuss the shift of the WoT toward a Social WoT (SWoT) and debate our ideas within two important scenarios, namely the Intelligent VANET-WoT and smart logistics.


Internet of Things, Web of Things, Multiagent Systems, Web service composition, Social Web of Things, Smart Logistics

Full Text:



N. Jabeur, H. Haddad. Towards an Intelligent Web of Things, International Conference on Recent Advances in Computer Systems RACS-2015, Hail University, Saudi Arabia, November 2015

CASAGRAS. CASAGRAS Final Report: RFID and the Inclusive Model for the Internet of Things, 2009, pp. 10-12

Z. Pang , Technologies and Architectures of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) for Health and Well- being. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013, ISBN 978-91-7501-736-5

D. Zeng, S. Guo, Z. Cheng, The Web of Things: A Survey (Invited Paper), J. Communications, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 424-438, 2011

S. Cheshire, D.H. Steinberg, Zero Configuration Networking, the Definitive Guide, O’Reilly, 2005

S.S. Mathew, Y. Atif, Q.Z. Sheng, Z. Maamar. Internet of Things and Inter-cooperative Computational Technologies for Collective Intelligence, Bessis, N., Xhafa, F., Varvarigou, D., Hill, R., Li, M. (ed./s), 2013, pp.1-23

DHL and CISCO (2015) Internet of Things in Logistics - A collaborative report by DHL and Cisco on implications and use cases for the logistics industry, available at:, last visited: 17/11/2015

D. Raggett . The Web of Things: Extending the Web into the Real World, SOFSEM 2010: Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Jan 2010

B. Ostermaier, M. Kovatsch, and S. Santini, Connecting Things to the Web using Program-mable Low-power WiFi Modules, In the proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on the Web of Things, 2011

D. Guinard and V. Trifa, Towards the Web of Things: Web Mashups for Embedded Devices, In the proceedings of the workshop Mashups, Enterprise Mashups and Lightweight Composi-tion on the Web (MEM’09), 2009

R. T. Fielding, Architectural styles and the design of network-based software architectures, Ph.D. dissertation, 2000

C. Pautasso, O. Zimmermann, and F. Leymann, Restful web services vs. 'big' web services: making the right architectural decision, In the proceedings of the 17th international conference on World Wide Web, ser. WWW ’08. New York, NY, USA: ACM, pp. 805–814, 2008

S. Duquennoy, G. Grimaud, and J.J. Vandewalle, The Web of Things: Interconnecting Devices with High Usability and Performance, In the proceedings of the International confer-ence on Embedded Software and Systems (ICESS’09), 2009

G. Kortuem, F. Kawsar, V. Sundramoorthy, D. Fitton. Smart Objects as Building Blocks for the Internet of Things. Proc. Of the IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 14, n. 1, pp. 44-51, 2010

X. Hannan, N. Sidhu, B. Christianson, "Guarantor and reputation based trust model for Social Internet of Things," in Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 2015 International, pp.600-605, 24-28 Aug. 2015

A. M. Mzahm, M. S. Ahmad, Y. Alicia and C. Tang, Agents of Things (AoT): An Intelligent Operational Concept of the Internet of Things (IoT), 13th International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications (ISDA 2013), pp. 159 – 164, 2013

N. Zhong, J. Ma, R. Huang, J. Liu, Y. Yao, Y. Zhang, J. Chen. Research Challenges and Perspectives on Wisdom Web of Things, Journal of Supercomputing, Springer. DOI 10.1007/s11227-010-0518-8 (2010)

P. Sawyer, A. Pathak, N. Bencomo, V. Issarny, How the Web of Things Challenges Requirements Engineering, 3 rd Workshop on The Web and Requirements Engineering at 12th International Conference on Web Engineering ICWE 2012, Berlin Germany, 27th July 2012

E. Wilde, Putting Things to REST, UCB iSchool Report 2007-015, School of Information, UC Berkeley, 2007

D. Guinard, M. Fischer, and V. Trifa, Sharing Using Social Networks in a Composable Web of Things, In the proceedings of the 1st IEEE International Workshop on the Web of Things (WoT 2010) at IEEE PerCom, Germany, 2010

S. Bandyopadhyay and E.J. Coyle An energy efficient hierarchical clustering algorithm for wireless sensor networks”, Proc. of INFOCOM 20013, IEEE Societies, 2013, vol. 3, pp. 1713-1723

M. Gerla, E-K. Lee, G. Pau, U. Lee, Internet of vehicles: From intelligent grid to autonomous cars and vehicular clouds, in Internet of Things (WF-IoT), IEEE World Forum on , pp.241-246, 6-8 March 2014

Z. Shelby, Embedded web services. IEEE Wireless Communication Magazine, vol. 17(6), pp. 52–57, 2010

K. A. Albashiri, “An investigation into the issues of Multi-Agent Data Mining”, Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Liverpool, , Liverpool L69 3BX, 2010, United Kingdom

P. Skocir, H. Maracic, M. Kusek, G. Jezic, Data Filtering in Context-Aware Multi-Agent System for Machine-to-Machine Communication, G. Jezic et al. (ed.), Agent and Multi-Agent Systems: Technologies and Applications, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies 38, 2015

R. Rajkumar, I. Lee, L. Sha, J. Stankovic, Cyber-physical systems: the next computing revolution. In Proceedings of the 47th Design Automation Conference. ACM, New York, USA, pp. 731-736, 2010

N. Jabeur, N. Sahli, S. Zeadally, ABAMA: An Agent-Based Architecture for Mapping Natural Ecosystems onto Wireless Sensor Networks, Invited Paper, in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Future Networks and Communications (FNC-2014), Elsevier Procedia Computer Science, Volume 34, Canada, August 2014 - doi:10.1016/j.procs.2014.07.020

S. Vodopivec, J. Bester, A. Kos, "A survey on clustering algorithms for vehicular ad-hoc networks," in Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), 2012 35th International Conference on, pp.52-56, 3-4 July 2012

L. Atzori, A. Iera, G. Morabito and M. Nitti, “The social Internet of Things (SIoT) - when social networks meet the Internet of Things: concepts, architecture and network characterization,” Computer Network, vol. 56(16), pp. 3594-3608, Nov. 2012

L. Atzori, A. Iera and G. Morabito, “The Internet of Things: a survey,” Computer Networks, vol. 54(15), pp. 2787-2805, Oct. 2010

B. Tilanus, Information Systems in Logistics and Transportation. Elsevier Science Ltd., UK, 1997

A. M. Mzahm, M. S. Ahmad, A. Y. C. Tang, Enhancing the Internet of Things (IoT) via the Concept of Agent of Things (AoT), Journal of Network and Innovative Computing, ISSN 2160-2174 vol. 2, pp. 101-110, 2014

J. Yu, B. Benatallah, F. Casati, F. Daniel, Understanding Mashup Development. IEEE Inter-net Comput, vol. 12, pp.44-52, 2008

D. Guinard, V. Trifa, E. Wilde, A Resource Oriented Architecture for the Web of Things. Proceedings of IoT 2010, IEEE International Conference on the Internet of Things. Tokyo, Japan

D. Guinard, V. Trifa, F. Mattern, E. Wilde. From the Internet of Things to the Web of Things: Resource-oriented Architecture and Best Practices. In Dieter Uckelmann Mark Harrison and Florian Michahelles, editors, Architecting the Internet of Things, pp. 97-129. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 0353-3670 (Print)

ISSN: 2217-5997 (Online)

COBISS.SR-ID 12826626