Rastko Martać, Nikola Milivojević, Vladimir Milivojević, Vukašin Ćirović, Dušan Barać

DOI Number
First page
Last page


This paper discusses harnessing Internet of Things in monitoring and managing dams in Republic of Serbia. Large dams are of major importance, primarily because of their use for electricity, but risks which are associated with it should be greatly taken into account. There is a need to consolidate information related to dam facilities in order to use them for dam management in Republic of Serbia. An information system has been developed based on existing systems, allowing utilization of intelligent network sensors. The aim of paper is to describe possibilities Internet of Things application within specific system for dam safety management. In order to facilitate the inclusion of a large number of intelligent sensors, a new data acquisition module for communication with sensors in the monitoring network is defined. The system should provide on time alerting in the case that the security parameters deviate from expected values.


Internet of Things, cloud, dams, dam safety management, monitoring, Serbia

Full Text:



"Assosiation of State Dam Safety Officials," April 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.damsafety. org/media/Documents/DownloadableDocuments/LivingWithDams_ASDSO2012.pdf.

David S. Bowles, Loren R. Anderson and Terry F. Glover, "The Practice Of Dam Safety Risk Assessment And Management: Its Roots, Its Branches, And Its Fruit," 1998.

David S. Bowles, Loren R Anderson , Terry F. Glover and Sanjay S. Chauhan, "Dam Safety Decision-Making: Combining Engineering Assessments with Risk Information," 2003.

Charles R. Farrar and Keith Worden, "An introduction to structural health monitoring," The Royal Society, 2007.

Shen Zhen-zhong, Chen Yun-ping, Wang Cheng, LI Tao-fan and LI Ze-yuan, "Development of real-time monitoring and early warning system of dam safety," vol. 3, 2010.

Jesung Jeon, Jongwook Lee, Donghoon Shin and Hangyu Park, "Development of dam safety management system," Advances in Engineering Software, vol. 40, no. 8, p. 554–563, 2009.

I. Bojanova, "Defining the Internet of Things," Computing now, 16 March 2015. [Online]. Available:

F. Bao T., S. Gu C. and Y. Zhang, "Remote safety monitoring management information system for dam group," in 2nd International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, Shenzhen, 2006.

Jeon Jesung, Lee Jongwook, Shin Donghoon and Hangyu Park, "Development of dam safety management system," ADVANCES IN ENGINEERING SOFTWARE, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 554-563, 2009.

H. Z. Su and Z. P. Wen, "Intelligent early-warning system of dam safety," Proceedings of 2005 International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, Vols 1-9, pp. 1868-1877, 2005.

Enji Sun, Xingkai Zhang and Zhongxue Li, "The internet of things (IOT) and cloud computing (CC) based tailings dam monitoring and pre-alarm system in mines," SAFETY SCIENCE, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 811-815, 2012.

Peng Lin, Junfeng Guan and Qingbin Li, "A Real-time ZigBee-based Location System in Xiluodu Arch Dam," CIVIL ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURE AND SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE II, PTS 1 AND 2, Vols. 438-439, pp. 1329-1333, 2013.

Qiaoming Zou, Lijun Qin and Qiyan Ma, "The Application of the Internet of Things in the Smart Grid," MATERIALS SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, PTS 1-8, Vols. 433-440, no. 2012, pp. 3388-3394, 2011.

Yang Yingxin, Hou Chunhua and Han Yanxia, "Design of Safety Monitoring System of Tailing Pond Based on GIS Technology," ELECTRONIC INFORMATION AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 19, pp. 408-410, 2012.

Shifeng Fang, Li Da Xu and Yunqiang Zhu, "An Integrated System for Regional Environmental Monitoring and Management Based on Internet of Things," IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1596-1605, 2014.

Dragan Maksimović, Tina Savić-Tomić and Maja Pavić, "Uticaj inoviranog oskultacionog sistema na pouzdanost osmatranja, upravljanja i održavanja glavnog objekta HE “Djerdap 1”," in SDVB - Prvi kongres, Bajina Bašta, 2008.

Ljubomir Petrović and Srdjan Djurić, "Osavremenjavanje sistema osmatranja na brani Gruža," in SDVB - Prvi kongres, Bajina Bašta, 2008.

B. Stojanović, M. Milivojević, M. Ivanović, N. Milivojević and D. Divac, "Adaptive system for dam behavior modeling based on linear regression and genethic algorithms," Advances in Engineering Software, vol. 65, pp. 182-190, 2013.

N. Milivojević, N. Grujović, D. Divac, V. Milivojević and R. Martać, "Information System for Dam Safety Management," ICIST, vol. 1, pp. 56-60, 2014.

Mike Botts and Lance McKee, "Sensors Online," 1 April 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.

"The OGC approves SensorML 2.0, advanced standard for Internet of Things," OGC, February 2014. [Online]. Available:

"Internet of Things - Simple Sensor (SensorML 2.0 Examples)," [Online]. Available: http://www.sensorml. com/sensorML-2.0/examples/iotSimple.html.

Xinying Miao, Jinkui Chu, Linghan Zhang and Jing Qiao, "Development of Wireless Sensor Network for Dam Monitoring," Journal of Information & Computational Science, vol. 6, no. 9, p. 1609–1616, 2012.

I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam and E. Cayirci, "Wireless sensor networks: a survey, Computer Networks," no. 38, p. 393–422, 2002.

Razvoj sistema za podršku optimalnom održavanju visokih brana u Srbiji (TR37013), 2011-2015.

R. Ardito and G. Cocchetti, "Statistical approach to damage diagnostic of concrete dam by radar monitoring: formulation and pseudo-experimental test," Engineering Structures, vol. 28, no. 14, p. 2036–2045, 2006.

Yifeng Chen, Ran Hu, Wenbo Lu, Dianqing Li and Chuangbing Zhou, "Modeling coupled processes of non-steady seepage flow and non-linear deformation for a concrete-faced rockfill dam," Computers & Structures, vol. 89, no. 13-14, p. 1333–1351, 2011.

J. Mata, "Interpretation of concrete dam behaviour with artificial neural network and multiple linear regression models," Engineering Structures, vol. 33, no. 3, p. 903–910, 2011.

Chang Xu, Dongjie Yue and Chengfa Deng, "Hybrid GA/SIMPLS as alternative regression model in dam deformation analysis," Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, vol. 25, no. 3, p. 468–475, 2012.

Vesna Ranković, Nenad Grujović, Dejan Divac, Nikola Milivojević and Aleksandar Novaković, "Modelling of dam behaviour based on neuro-fuzzy identification," Engineering Structures, vol. 35, p. 107–113, 2012.

D. Divac, D. Vuĉković and M. Živković, "Modeliranje filtracionih i naponsko-deformacionih procesa u interakciji akumulacionog jezera, brane i stenske mase, na primerima brane Sv. Petka u Makedoniji i brane Prvonek kod Vranja," GraĊevinski kalendar, 2004, pp. 9-57.

M. Kojić, R. Slavković, M. Živković and N. Grujović, Metod konaĉnih elemenata I (linearna analiza), Kragujevac: Mašinski fakultet u Kragujevcu, 1998.

Prahlada B. B. Rao, Payal Saluja, Neetu N. Sharma, Ankit Mittal and Shivay Veer Sharma, "Cloud Computing for Internet of Things & Sensing Based Applications," 2012 SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SENSING TECHNOLOGY (ICST), pp. 374-380, 2012.

"Sensor Web Enablement (SWE)," OGC, [Online]. Available: markets-technologies/swe .

L. Nachabe, M. Girod-Genet and B. El Hassan, "Unified Data Model for Wireless Sensor Network," IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3657-3667, 2015.

A. Ghosh and S. K. Das, "Coverage and connectivity issues in wireless sensor networks: a survey, Pervasive and Mobile Computing," no. 2, p. 303–334, 2008.

Y. Sang, H. Shen, Y. Inoguchi, Y. Tan and N. Xiong, "Secure Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey," p. 315–320, 2006.

"OGC," [Online]. Available:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 0353-3670 (Print)

ISSN: 2217-5997 (Online)

COBISS.SR-ID 12826626