COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF QUASI-DELAY-INSENSITIVE ASYNCHRONOUS ADDERS CORRESPONDING TO RETURN-TO-ZERO AND RETURN-TO-ONE HANDSHAKING

Padmanabhan Balasubramanian

DOI Number
-
First page
25
Last page
39

Abstract


This article makes a comparative evaluation of quasi-delay-insensitive (QDI) asynchronous adders, realized using the delay-insensitive dual-rail code, which adhere to 4-phase return-to-zero (RTZ) and 4-phase return-to-one (RTO) handshake protocols. The QDI adders realized correspond to the following adder architectures: i) ripple carry adder, ii) carry lookahead adder, and iii) carry select adder. The QDI adders correspond to three different timing regimes viz. strong-indication, weak-indication and early output. They are physically implemented using a 32/28nm CMOS process. The comparative evaluation shows that, overall, QDI adders which correspond to the 4-phase RTO handshake protocol are better than the QDI adder counterparts which correspond to the 4-phase RTZ handshake protocol in terms of latency, area, and average power dissipation.

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