### OPTIMAL ALLOCATION OF MULTIPLE DG IN RDS USING PSO AND ITS IMPACT ON SYSTEM RELIABILITY

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This article presents the distributed generator (DG) integration in a radial distribution system (RDS). The DG penetration changes the single power source to multiple power sources and bidirectional load flow which enhances the system reliability and reduces system power losses. The particle swarm optimization and gravitational search algorithm are implemented for the optimal siting and sizing of one and three DG units in the RDS to examine its impact on system reliability and loss reduction. The types of DGs considered are Type I (injects real power) and Type IV (injects reactive and real power). The constant power is the chosen load model. The reliability indices taken for the analysis of system reliability are Average Energy Not Supplied, Total Energy Not Supplied and Average System Interruption Duration Index. The efficacy of the proposed method is validated on 33-bus in the presence of single and multiple DGs. The significant decrease in system power losses with the upgraded bus voltage profile, system reliability and remarkable annual loss saving is analyzed for Type IV DG over Type I DG. The results determined are compared to other meta-heuristic approaches as well as analytical techniques to demonstrate the superiority of the proposed methodology. The results are also statistically verified.

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