Andrej Blagojević

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The paper analyses the concept of hate speech and tries to define its essence and to highlight the problems of its legal regulation. Relying on the fact that the international documents related to hate speech have been signed by many countries (including Serbia), there are prominent positive tendencies towards recognizing, monitoring, and sanctioning hate speech. After providing a conceptual framework of hate speech, the paper first focuses on different legal provisions on hate speech embodied in relevant international documents. The subsequent analysis of the national legislative framework on hate speech includes relevant provisions of the Serbian Constitution, the Anti-Discrimination Act and the Serbian Criminal Code. In particular, the paper focuses on the regulation of hate speech in the media-related legislation in Serbia, including the Public Information and Media Act, the Electronic Media Act, the Public Media Services Act, and the Journalists’ Code of Ethics. Finally, the author suggests that a possible solution for suppression of hate speech should be sought in its roots and a better understanding of its ethical aspects. In this respect, the role of media and self-regulatory bodies is very important.


hate speech, discrimination, normative framework, media legislation

Full Text:



Bell, J. (2009). "Restraining the heartless: racist speech and minority rights". Indiana Law Journal 84: pp. 963–979.

Nockleby, J. (2000). “Hate Speech”. In: Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (2nd ed., edited by Leonard W. Levy, Kenneth L. Karst et al., New York: Macmillan, 2000), pp. 1277-1279.

Weber, A. (2009). Manual on hate speech. Council of Europe Publishing

Warner W. and Hirschberg J. (2012). “Detecting Hate Speech on the World Wide Web” Proceedings of the 2012 Workshop on Language in Social Media (LSM 2012), pp. 19–26, Montreal, Canada, June 7, 2012. ©2012 Association for Computational Linguistics

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965

The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1950

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965

Ustav Republike Srbije [The Constitution of the Republic of Serbia], Službeni glasnik RS, br. 98/2006

Krivični zakonik [The Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia), Službeni glasnik RS, br. 85/2005, 88/2005 - ispr., 107/2005 - ispr., 72/2009, 111/2009, 121/2012, 104/2013 i 108/2014

Zakon o zabrani diskriminacije [Prohibition of Discrimination Act], Službeni glasnik RS, br.22/2009

Zakon o javnom informisanju i medijima [The Public Information and Media Act], Službeni glasnik RS, br. 83/2014 i 58/2015

Zakon o elektronskim medijima [The Electronic Media Act], Službeni glasnik RS, br. 83/2014

Zakon o javnim medijskim servisima [The Public Media Services Act], Službeni glasnik RS 83/2014 i 103/2015

Zakon o oglašavanju [The Advertising Act], Službeni glasnik RS, br. 79/2005 i 83/2014 - dr. zakon

Zakon o slobodnom pristupu informacijama od javnog značaja [ The Act on Free Access to Information of Public Importance], Službeni glasnik RS, br. 120/2004, 54/2007, 104/2009 i 36/2010

Obavezujuće uputstvo o ponašanju emitera [General Binding Instruction on Broadcaster’s Conduct: Broadcasters’ Code of Conduct], Službeni glasnik RS, br. 63/2007, 60/2014 i 25/2015 - dr. pravilnik

Preporuka Saveta Evrope 97(20) [Recommendation 97(20) on Hate speech, Council of Europe, Committee of Ministers], 1997

Kodeks novinara Srbije [The Serbian Journalists’ Code of Ethics], Council of Europe, 2006

Directorate General for Internal Policies of the Union Policy, Department C: Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, The European legal framework on hate speech, blasphemy and its interaction with freedom of expression, European Parliament, Brussels, 2015,

Yucom - Komitet pravnika za ljudska prava (Lawyers’ Committee for Human Rights), pristup 10.3.2016.

Blic, Presuda Nebojši Bakarecu za diskriminaciju LGBT populacije postala pravosnažna, 23. 10. 2012. (Final Judgment for Nebojsa Bakarec for discrimination against LGBT, October 2012), pristup 10.3.2016,

Blic, Dragan Marković Palma kriv za diskriminaciju LGBT populacije, 11. 7. 2014. (Dragan Markovic Palma found liable for discrimination against LGBT population, July 2014), pristup 13.3.2016.,

B92, Prva presuda za govor mržnje prema LGBT, 7. 6. 2011. (First judgment for hate speech against LGBT, November June 2011), pristupljeno 13.3.2016.,

Blic, Presuda zbog govora mržnje na internetu, 2.3. 2012. (First judgment for hate speech on the Internet, March 2012), , pristupljeno 13.3.2016

Republička radiodifuzna agencija (RRA): Govor mržnje u medijima: Pregled i analiza slučajeva, Služba za nadzor i analizu programa, RRA, April 2014, str. 15 (Republic Broadcasting Agency RBA: Hate Speech in the media: Overview and Analysis of Cases, Service for supervision and analysis of broadcasted programs, April 2014, p.15),, pristupljeno 12.3.2016.

Savet za štampu, žalbeni postupci: Gej lezbejski info centar protiv dnevnog lista Informer, Odluka Komisije za žalbe Saveta za štampu od 24.9. 2015.povodom žalbe, (Press Council: Decision of the Press Council Complaints Committee upon a Complaint filed by the Gay Lesbian Info Center against the daily magazine Informer, Sept. 2015), , pristupljeno 13.3.2016.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1450-5517 (Print)
ISSN 2406-1786 (Online)