THE LINK BETWEEN ORGANIZED CRIME AND TERRORISM

Ana Prokić

Abstract


The heightened control of financial transactions in the post 9/11 society significantly curbed the fund-raising activities aimed at financing terrorism. Terrorist groups were forced to evolve and find new ways of financing their activities, while transnational criminal organizations adapted to the new circumstances by turning into powerful hybrid criminal-terrorist entities. These traditionally separate phenomena have begun to reveal many operational and organizational similarities. Globalization of the economy has created favorable conditions for terrorist organizations and criminal groups to coordinate their activities, to cooperate and share their resources, whereas both national and international legislation have unfortunately failed to keep pace with the evolving development of crime and terrorism. This article aims to examine the individual characteristics of organized crime and terrorism by pointing out to their similarities and differences, and to analyze the complexity of the crime-terror nexus. Adequate anti-terrorist and anti-criminal policy at the national level as well as globally rests on understanding each problem separately as well as their versatile correlations. Otherwise, there is a risk of a theoretical "fusion" of one problem into another which may generate problems in combating organized crime and terrorism. The author highlights the importance of acknowledging and understanding the link between crime and terror groups as the first step towards formulating an effective state response to this evolving threat. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Albanese, J.S. (2004). Organised Crime in Our Times, 4th ed. Anderson Publishing, Cincinnati, OH.

Petrović, B., Dobovšek, B. (2007). Mreže organizovanog kriminaliteta (Organized Crime Networks), Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Sarajevo

Berdal, M., Serrano, M. (eds) (2002). Transnational Organized Crime and International Security, Introduction (by editors), Lynne Reinner Publishers, London

Bjornehed, E. (2004). Narco-Terrorism: The Merger of the War on Drugs and the War on Terror, Global Crime Vol. 6

Bolta, D. (2011). Sprečavanje finansiranja terorizma (Prevention of Financing Terrorism), Policija i sigurnost, vol 19. No. 4

Cooper, H.H.A.(2001). Terrorism: The Problem of Definition Revisited, American Behavioral Scientist¸ Volume: 44, Issue: 6 February 2001

Directorate General for Internal Policies, (2012). Europe’s Crime- Terror Nexus: Links between terrorists and organized crime groups in the European Union”, Brussels.

Fatić, A. (2005). Osnovni aspekti borbe protiv organizovanog kriminala na Balkanu“ (The Basic Aspects of Combating Organized Crime in the Balkans), Biblid, Vol. LVII, 2005., str. 71-99, Retrieved 17th January 2016 from: http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/0025-8555/2005/0025-85550502071F.pdf

Holmberg, J. (2009). Narco-terrorism, Retrieved 28th January 2016, from: http://traccc.gmu.edu/pdfs/student_research/HolmbergNarcoterrorism.pdf

Kovačević, S. (1992) Terorizam i Jugoslavija (Terrorism and Yugoslavia), Arkade print, Beograd

Konstantinović-Vilić S., Nikolić-Ristanović V, Kostić M., (2009). Kriminologija (Criminology), Pelikan Print, Niš

Makarenko, T., (2004). The Crime–Terror Continuum: Tracing the Interplay between Transnational Organised Crime and Terrorism, Global Crime Vol. 6, No. 1.

Meyer, J., Williams, C.J. (2001). $100 Million in Suspect Assets Frozen, Los Angeles Times, Retrieved 29th January 2016, from: http://articles.latimes.com/2001/oct/03/news/mn-52887

Mijalković, S., Bajagić, M. (2012). Organizovani kriminal i terorizam (Organized Crime and Terrorism), Kriminalističko policijska akademija, Beograd

Mijalković, S. (2013). Suprotstavljanje savremenom organizovanom kriminalu i terorizmu“ (Counteracting the contemporary organized crime and terrorism), Kriminalističko-policijska akademija, Beograd

Mijalkovski, M. (2003). Terorizam i protivteroristička borba (Terrorisms and Anti-terrorist Activities), Vojna Akademija, Beograd

Sandić, K. (2012). Fenomen finansiranja terorizma putem pranja novca i uspostavljanje delotvornog sistema kontramera (Funding terrorism through money laundering and instituting efficient counteracting measures), Vojno delo, Retrieved 28th January 2016, from: http://www.odbrana.mod.gov.rs/odbrana-stari/vojni_casopisi/arhiva/VD_2012-prolece/24.%20Fenomen%20finansiranja%20terorizma%20putem%20pranja%20novca%20i%20uspostavljanje%20delotvornog%20sistema%20kontramera;%20Kosta%20Sandic.pdf

Shelley, L.I. (2014). ISIS, Boko Haram, and the Growing Role of Human Trafficking in 21st Century Terrorism, The Daily Beast, Retrieved 26th January 2016 from: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/12/26/isis-boko-haram-and-the-growing-role-of-human-trafficking-in-21st-century-terrorism.html

Shelley, L.I., Picarelli, J. T. (2002). Methods not motives: Implications of the convergence of international organized crime and terrorism, Police Practice and Research, An international Journal, 3(4)

United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (2005), Forum on Crime and Society, Vol. 4, Numbers 1 and 2, December 2004; United Nations, New York, 2005, Retrieved 26th January 2016 from: https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Forum/V05-81059_EBOOK.pdf

Wagley, J., (2006). Transnational Organized Crime: Principal Threats and U.S. Responses, CRS Report for Congress, Retrieved 26th January 2016 from: https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL33335.pdf

Wannenburg, G. (2003). Links Between Organized Crime and al-Qaeda, In: South African Journal of International Affairs 10(2)

Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of the UNODC, Statement from Terrorism symposium, Vienna, 16 March 2011, Retrieved 30th January 2016, from: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2011/March/crime-and-its-deadly-connection-to-terrorism.html




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FULP1701085P

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1450-5517 (Print)
ISSN 2406-1786 (Online)