Philip O. Ujomu, Felix Olatunji

DOI Number
First page
Last page


A key basis of the recent problems in many social orders may appear to be a prevalence of ethical and or moral decadence at all levels of social life; political, social and economic, etc. We need to answer the question what is morality and why do we need it in the society? This is important given the need to understand the fundamental roles of intolerance, prejudice, unfair actions towards other and a lack of empathy and sympathy towards others as features of almost every kind of human political or social behaviour that results in discrimination, conflicts, hate, terrorism, and corruption. As such this paper discusses the relationship between morality and social order. It examines how morality underwrites social order and it locates the key moral values through which social order can be established and sustained.

Full Text:



Agrawal, M. M., (1988). Morals and the Value of Human Life’, African Philosophy: An Anthology, Chukwudi E. Eze (ed.), Massachusetts: Blackwell Pub.

Bayles, M., Henley, K. (1989). ‘General Introduction: The Importance and Possibility of Ethics’, Right Conduct, New York: Random House.

Bierstedt, R., (1963). The Social Order, New York: McGraw Hill 1963

Brooks, J. A., (1973). How to treat Persons as Persons, Hughes M. W. ‘Our Concern with Others’, Philosophy and Personal Relations, edited by Alan Montefiore, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 62-112.Brugger, W., (1974). Philosophical Dictionary. Washington D.C.: Gonzaga University Press.

Brunner, A., Raemers S., (1937). Fundamental Questions of Philosophy, London: Herder Books.

Cooper, N., (1973). Language, Purpose and Morality, The Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 23, No. 92.

Cox, David F., (1981). ‘An Empirical Theory of Ethics: Morality as Defensive Behaviour’ Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 62, No. 2, 181-187.

Dewey, J., (1974). ‘Reflective Morality and Ethical Theory’ Introductory Readings in Ethics edited by Frankena, New Jersey, Prentice Hall.

Foot P., (1985).‘Utilitarianism and the Virtue’ MIND, vol. XCIV, No. 374.

Frankena, W., (1973). Ethics , USA: Prentice Hall Inc.

Frankena, William K., Granrose, J.T. (1974). Introductory Readings in Ethics (edited), New Jersey, Prentice Hall Inc.

Ginsberg M, (1953). ‘Comparative Ethics’ The Philosophical Quarterly vol. 3 No. 12 (July, 1953),

Grisez G., Shaw R., (1989). ‘A Contemporary Account of the Virtuous Life’ Right Conduct cited by Bayles et al, New York Random House.

Hoffner, Joseph Cardinal (1990).‘Church and Economy in dialogue ORDO SOCIALIS No 2, Germany, AACSS 1990 .

Hospers, J., (1973). An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis (London Routledge and Kegan Paul 1973),

John Paul II (1991). Contesimus Annus, Ibadan St. Paul Pub.

Kekes, J., (1988) ‘Purity and Judgement in Morality’ Philosophy vol. 63, No. 246

Kupperman, J., (1983). The Foundations of Morality, London: Unwin.

Mbiti, J. (1975). An Introduction to African Religious, London: Heinemann.

McMahon, C, (1991). ‘Morality and the Invisible Hand’ Philosophy and Public Affairs vol. 10, No. 3.

McOustra, C., (1990). Love in the Economy, England, St. Paul.

Messner, J., (1949). Social Ethics , London, Herder Books.

Mozia, Michael I., (1990). Christian Morality and Charisms, Ibadan, Shaneson Ltd.

Neuner, J., et al, The Christian Faith, 720-723, in: Paul H J. (1981), Laborem Exercises, London: Catholic Truth Society.

Neuner. J., Dupuis J., (1990). The Christian Faith, 5th edition, New York: Alb House

Nwala, U., (1985). Igbo Philosophy, Lagos Lantern Books.

Oladipo, O., (1995). Conceptual Decolonisation in African Philosophy, edited, Ibadan Hope Publications.

Omoregbe, J., (1993). Ethics: A Systematic and Historical Study, Lagos, Joja Educational Publishers.

Perry, R. B. (1974).‘The Meaning of Morality’, Introductory Readings in Ethics, edited by Frankena W.; New Jersey, Prentice Hall.

Perry, R.B., (1968). ‘The Definition of Value’ Readings in Introductory Philosophical Analysis edited by John Hospers, London Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Pope John XXII (1963). Pacemin Terris, National St. Paul Pub.

Pope Pius XI (1931). Quadragesimo Anno Encyclical on Social Reconstruction, Nairobi, St. Paul Pub.

Raeymaeker, L., (1957). Introduction to Philosophy, New York, Wagner Inc.

Ralls, A., (1972). ‘A Critical Study: The Object of Morality’ The Philosophical Quarterly vol. 22, No. 88, (July, 1972), 260.

Rand, A., (1968). ‘Value and Rights’, Readings in Introductory Philosophical Analysis, edited by Hospers , London: Routldege and Kegan Paul.

Singer, M., (1989). ‘Value Judgements and Normative Claims’, Key Themes in Philosophy. edited by A.P. Griffiths, Cambridge University Press.

Sogolo, G., (1993). Foundations of African Philosophy , Ibadan, Ibadan University Press.

Stevens, E., (1981). Making Moral Decisions, New York: Paulist.

Titus, H., (1970). Living Issues in Philosophy, New York: Van Nostrand and Reinhold.

Werhahn, P. H., (1990).‘The Entrepreneur’ ORDO SOCIALIS No. 4, Germany, AACSS.

Whitely, C. H., (1982). ‘The Justification of Morality’ Philosophy. Vol. 57, No. 222.

Wiredu, K., (1992). ‘The Moral Foundations of an African Culture’, Person and Community, Ghananian Philosophical Studies I. Edited by Kwasi Wiredu Gyekye; Washington D.C., The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 191-199.

Wiredu, K., (1996). Cultural Universals and Particulars, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Wiredu, K., (1998). ‘Are There Cultural Universals’, The African Philosophy Reader, edited by P.H. Coetzee and A. P. J. Roux; London: Routledge.

Zanden, James W.V., (1977). Social Psychology, New York: Random House, 153-173.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1450-5517 (Print)
ISSN 2406-1786 (Online)