Lei Kou, Mykola Sysyn, Jianxing Liu

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The damage of the frog rail significantly affects the wear of the crossing rail and restricts the passing speed of the train. A geometric 3D modeling of the vehicle passing through the crossing center is particularly concerned with the cumulative wheel-rail contact of the traffic volume. The frog rail wear is simulated to obtain the dynamic change of the impact force of the wheel on the frog rail as the rail wears. By summarizing the existing experimental results of other scholars, it is clear that the important factors, that cause the damage of the frog rail, are vehicle load, friction coefficient, slip roll ratio and shear stress.  This paper combines the theoretical analysis of mechanics and 3D simulation to obtain the position change of the wheel-rail contact point with the wear of the frog rail, and finally compares it with the actual measurement results. It can more accurately predict the area where the maximum damage occurs after a certain amount of traffic for a certain fixed model, the change of wheel-rail contact point at frog rail is simulated with the wear of each component. Through theoretical analysis, the main factors determining frog rail damage were determined. Then evaluate the possible damage area of the frog track and control the prediction range to 5-10 cm, which reduces the detection time and cost. The worst state of distraction will be detected in time to facilitate replacement or polishing. Through further research in this area, the service life of the frog rail can be predicted.


Railway crossing, RCF, Wheel-rail contact, Rail surface defect, Frog wear, Geometric model

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