Gurpreet Singh, Vivek Gupta, Arnab Chanda

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The expansion of the skin grafts plays a key role in treating severe burn injuries. Split-thickness skin grafting, which is a well-known technique for stretching donor skin samples beyond its capacity, typically produces expansions which are insufficient to cover large burn areas. In this work, the expansion potential of skin grafts with novel rotating triangle (RT) shaped auxetic incision patterns were investigated extensively. A skin simulant was employed and a range of RT configurations, with internal angles varying from 0° to 135°, were tested through the development of skin graft simulants. Mechanical testing and digital image correlation (DIC) were used to characterize the Poisson’s effect, meshing ratios, and induced stresses of the skin graft simulants, up to 50% strains. The 0° model produced the highest negative Poisson’s effect and areal expansions. As the internal angle of the auxetic was increased, expansions were observed to decrease significantly. Beyond 60°, positive Poisson’s effect and contractions occurred with an increasing trend, and its peak at 105°. At 15° and 120°, the induced strains were observed to be significant, posing risks of skin rupture. Overall, the expansions were observed to be higher at lower strains. Such experimental findings on expansion potentials and estimations of mechanical properties with auxetic skin grafts simulants have not been reported to date, and would be indispensable for further research in skin graft expansion and severe burn injury treatment.


Skin Graft, Mechanical properties, Simulant, Expansion, DIC, Burns

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