Szabolcs Fischer

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The methodologies used to assess the inner shear resistance of granular layers from minerals measured in the laboratory with and without geosynthetic reinforcing layers are described in this paper. For the measurements, a multi-level shear box is applied without considering vertical loads on the top layer. In the literature and engineering practice, an accepted calculation method for determining inner shear resistance exists. It is the shear force with linear shearing speed, primarily after a peak force value. This can be accounted for in the present case by calculating the average force value for the 40-80 mm shear range using previous scientific and research achievements. The article details each possible additional method and compares it different methods. Three granular materials, as well as six planar geosynthetics, were studied. For this purpose, the results of 216 measurements were considered and processed using 61 different shear function-qualification parameters. The calculations were performed using a simplified function fitting test and a selection process to maximize the allowable relative standard deviations. All three types of materials and four classification parameters were chosen as references for comparability. As a result, only one alternative parameter can be used to determine the reinforcing-weakening values with a maximum deviation of 5% while not producing insufficient results in the placement (ranking) of the individual granular material and geosynthetic pairings. This parameter is the area under the function (integral) calculated on the measurement graph of the 40-80 mm shear range, in kN×mm unit; it gives correct values only if the reference granular material is the considered railway ballast, the shearing plane is the geosynthetic's plane (i.e., the so-called "0‑plane"), and the reference qualification parameter is the original recommended parameter. The best relative standard deviation values were 20% and 30%.


Planar Geosynthetic, Geogrid, Geotextile, Reinforced Granular Layer, Inner Shear Resistance

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