José N. Atahyde, Beatriz L. Fernandes, Carlos J. de M. Siqueira, Percy Nohama, Carlos R. Fernandes

DOI Number
First page
Last page


We have developed a device that, coupled to the tribometer, allows movement simulation of the hinged type knee prosthesis. Two tests were performed using the samples designed and one test without the device using a pin-on-flat configuration. For the first and the third tests, the metallic samples were used as machined while for the second one they were electrolytically polished. The test parameters were running length of 0.663 rad and compression load of 22.35 N. The Hertzian contact stress of 15.93 MPa obtained between the samples designed is close to that for the real prosthesis. The measured volumetric wear revealed the influence of roughness of the counterpart surface on the wear behavior. The device has allowed its coupling to the tribometer without any interference on its functioning thus making a contribution to the scientific investigations related to wear behavior of a couple of different biomaterials.


Wear Testing, Sliding Wear, Three-body Abrasion, Joint Prosthesis, Hinged Knee Prosthesis

Full Text:



Dieterich, J.D., Fields, A.C., Moucha, C.S., 2014, Short term outcomes of revision total knee arthroplasty, Journal of Arthroplasty, 29(11), pp. 2163-2166.

Robertsson, O., Lewold, S., Knutson, K., Lidgren, L., 2000, The Swedish knee arthroplasty project, Acta Orthopaedia Scandinavica, 71(1), pp. 7–18.

Tsal, L.Y., Garcia, R.J., Petrilli, A.S., Korukian, M., Viola, D.C.M., Petrilli. M. de T., Godoy, F.A.C., 2007, Protocolo fisioterapêutico em pacientes submetidos à endoprótese não convencional de joelho por osteossarcoma: estudo prospectivo, Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia, 42(3), pp. 64-70.

Mantyh, P., 2013, Bone cancer pain: Causes, consequences, and therapeutic opportunities, Pain, 154, pp. S54–S62.

Atwood, S.A., Currier, J.H., Mayor, M.B., Collier, J.P., Van Citters, D.W., Kennedy, F.E., 2008, Clinical wear measurement on low contact stress rotating platform knee bearings, Journal of Arthroplasty, 23(3), pp. 431-440.

Bertin, K.C., 2007, Tibial Component Fixation in Total Knee Arthroplasty, Journal of Arthroplasty, 22(5), pp. 670-678.

Abu-Amer, Y., Darwech, I., Clohisy, J.C., 2007, Aseptic loosening of total joint replacements: mechanisms underlying osteolysis and potential therapies, Arthritis Research & Therapy, 9(1), pp. 1-7.

Bahraminasab, M., Sahari, B.B., Edwards, K.L., Farahmand, F., Arumugam, M., 2013, Aseptic loosening of femoral components – Materials engineering and design considerations, Materials and Design, 44, pp. 155-163.

Au, A.G., Raso, J., Liggins, A.B., Amirfazli, A., 2007, Contribution of loading conditions and material properties to stress shielding near the tibial component of total knee replacements, Journal of Biomechanics, 40, pp. 1410-1416.

O’Brien, S.T., Luo, Y., Brandt. J-M., 2015, In-vitro and in-silico investigations on the influence of contact pressure on cross-linked polyethylene wear in total knee replacements, Wear, 332-333, pp. 687–693.

Grimer, R.J., Carter, S.R., Tillman, R.M., Sneath, R.S., Walker, P.S., Unwin, P.S., Shewell, P.C., 1999, Endoprosthetic replacement of the proximal tibia, Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, 81-B(3), pp. 488-494.

Manning, D.W., Chiang, P.P., Freiberg, A.A., 2005, Hinge Implants - Revision total knee arthroplasty, 1st ed. New York, Springer, pp. 219-222.

Fabroni, R.H., Steverlynck, A.M., Aguilera, A.L., Zeballos, J.I., 1994, Endoprótesis no convencionales Fabroni no cementadas, Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología, 59(1), pp. 66-73.

Wehner, T., Claes, L., Simon, U., 2009, Internal loads in the human tibia during gait, Clinical Biomechanics, 24, pp. 299-302.

Tardy, N., Chambat, P., Murphy, C.G., Fayard, J.M., 2014, Bilateral custom-fit total knee arthroplasty in a patient with poliomyelitis, Orthopedics, 37(9), pp. e839-e843.

Long, M., Rack, H.J., 1998, Titanium alloys in total joint replacement - a materials science perspective, Biomaterials, 19, pp. 1621-1639.

González-Mora, V.A., Hoffmann, M., Stroosnijder, R., Gil, F.J., 2011, The role of hardness and roughness on the wear of different CoCrMo counterfaces on UHMWPE for artificial joints, Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 4, pp. 651-656.

Ruggiero, A., D'Amato, R., Gómez, E., Merola, M., 2016, Experimental comparison on tribological pairs UHMWPE/TIAL6V4 alloy, UHMWPE/AISI316L austenitic stainless and UHMWPE/AL2O3 ceramic, under dry and lubricated conditions, Tribology International, 96, pp. 349-360.

Al-Samarai, R.A., Haftirman, Ahmad, K.R., Al-Douri, Y., 2012, Evaluate the effects of various surface roughness on the tribological characteristics under dry and lubricated conditions for Al-Si alloy, Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 2, pp.167-173.

Poggie, R.A., Mishra, A.K., Davidson, J.A., 1994, Three-body abrasive wear behaviour of orthopaedic implant bearing surfaces from titanium debris, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 5, pp. 387-392.

Mundermann, A., Dyrby, C.O., D’Lima, D.D., Colwell, C.W., Andriacchi, T.P., 2008, In vivo knee loading characteristics during activities of daily living as measured by an instrumented total knee replacement, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 26(9), pp. 1167-1172.

Gul, R.M., McGarry, F.J., Bragdon, C.R., Muratoglu, O.K., Harris, W.H., 2003, Effect of consolidation on adhesive and abrasive wear of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene, Biomaterials, 24, pp. 3193-3199.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 0354-2025 (Print)

ISSN: 2335-0164 (Online)

COBISS.SR-ID 98732551

ZDB-ID: 2766459-4