Emanuel Willert

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Percussive and erosive wear by repetitive impacting of solid particles damages surfaces even at low impact velocities. As the impact wear is often directly related to the energy loss during the collision and therefore to the coefficients of normal and tangential restitution, in the present study the oblique low-velocity impact of a rigid sphere onto an elastic half-space is analyzed based on the known respective contact-impact solution and with regard to the energy loss during the impact. Simple analytic expressions are derived for the total impact wear volume. It is found that the portion of kinetic energy lost in frictional dissipation has a well-located maximum for configurations with weak forward pre-spin. The distribution of frictional dissipation over the contact area has a complex dependence on the impact parameters. For pronounced local slip (e.g. due to a small coefficient of friction) the dissipation accumulated over the collision is localized in the center of impact whereas for dominance of sticking, most energy is lost away from the center.


Elastic Impacts, Friction, Energy Dissipation, Wear

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