Valentin Popov

DOI Number
First page
Last page


According to the Archard law of adhesive wear, the wear volume is proportional to the normal force, the sliding distance, and inversely proportional to the hardness of the softer of contact partners. This law does not contain any properties characterizing “adhesion” of materials, e.g. the work of separation, either inside of the material or at the interface. The criterion for formation of wear particles, first formulated by Rabinowicz in 1958, on the contrary, is based on the interplay of elastic energy and work of adhesion and contains as governing parameters the modulus of elasticity, hardness and the work of separation. Following recent advances in understanding and simulation of wear, we discuss the ways how both laws could be melted together to a “generalized” Archard-Rabinowicz law of wear.


Adhesive wear, Archard, Rabinowicz, Particle formation, Roughness

Full Text:



Archard, J. F., 1953, Contact and Rubbing of Flat Surfaces, Journal of Applied Physics, 24, pp. 981-988.

Kragelski, I.V., 1965, Friction and Wear, Butter Worth.

Rabinowicz, E., 1958, The effect of size on the looseness of wear fragments, Wear, 2, pp. 4–8.

Popova, E., Popov, V.L., Kim, D.-E., 2018, 60 years of Rabinowicz’ criterion for adhesive wear, Friction, 6(3), pp.341–348.

Bowden, F.P., Tabor, D., 2001, The Friction and Lubrication of Solids, Clarendon Press.

Aghababaei, R., Warner, D.H., Molinari, J.-F., 2016, Critical length scale controls adhesive wear mechanisms. Nature Communications. 7, 11816.Rabinowicz, E., 1995, Friction and wear of materials. Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, inc.,

Aghababaei, R., Warner, D.H., Molinari, J.-F., 2017, On the debris-level origins of adhesive wear, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(30), pp. 7935–7940.

Popov, V.L., 2018, Adhesive wear: Generalized Rabinowicz' criteria, Facta Universitatis-Series Mechanical Engineering, 16(1), pp. 29-39.

Popov, V.L., Pohrt, R., 2018, Adhesive wear and particle emission: Numerical approach based on asperity-free formulation of Rabinowicz criterion, Friction, 6(3), pp.260–273.

Rhee, S K., 1970, Wear equation for polymers sliding against metal surfaces, Wear, 16(6), pp. 431–45.

Kar, M K., Bahadur, S. 1974, The wear equation for unfilled and filled polyoxymethylene, Wear, 30(3), pp. 337–348.

Meng, H.C., Ludema, K.C., 1995, Wear models and predictive equations: their form and content, Wear, 181-183, pp.443–457.

Rabinowicz, E., 1995, Friction and wear of materials. Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, inc.

Popov, V.L., 2018, Is Tribology Approaching Its Golden Age? Grand Challenges in Engineering Education and Tribological Research, Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering, 4, 16.

Popov, V.L., Smolin, I.Yu., Gervé, A., Kehrwald, B., 2000, Simulation of wear in combustion engines, Computational Materials Science, 19, pp. 285-291.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 0354-2025 (Print)

ISSN: 2335-0164 (Online)

COBISS.SR-ID 98732551

ZDB-ID: 2766459-4