Miloš Madić, Marin Gostimirović, Dragan Rodić, Miroslav Radovanović, Margareta Coteaţă

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The development of mathematical models by using experimental data is of great importance for modelling and optimization of the laser cutting process. Motivated by the lack of research regarding the use of genetic programming (GP) for deriving empirical mathematical models that describe the laser cutting process, the present study discusses the application of GP to the development of a kerf taper angle mathematical model. The aim was to quantify the relationship between three selected input parameters (cutting speed, laser power and assist gas pressure) and kerf taper angle using GP in the CO2 laser cutting of aluminium alloy AlMg3. To obtain the experimental database for the GP model evolution process, a laser cutting experiment was planned as per standard full factorial design where all three selected parameters were varied at three levels. The fit between the experimental and the GP model prediction values of kerf taper angle was found to be appropriate. Finally, by using the derived GP mathematical model, the analysis of the effects of input parameters on the change in kerf taper angle values was performed by generating 3D surface plots.


Kerf taper angle, Genetic programming, Laser cutting

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