Alexandr Gritsenko, Vladimir Shepelev, Semen Fedoseev, Tatyana Bedych

DOI Number
First page
Last page


In fuel economy, a rising level of interest in heavy duty diesel engines that industry has witnessed over the last few years continues to go up and this is not likely to change. Lowering the fuel consumption of all internal combustion engines remains a priority for years to come, driven by economic, legislative, and environmental reasons. According to statistics, the share of operating expenses to ensure transport operations in industrial production is 15-20%, wherein 16-30% of the total volume of transport operations concerns a car, tractor, and trailer. During transport operations, the engine load by the torque, in most cases, does not exceed 40-50%. The paper investigates the increase in fuel efficiency of cars and tractors by disconnecting some of the engine cylinders operated in low-load and idling modes. The research has led to the establishment of the theoretical dependencies between the effective power, engine efficiency, mass of the transported cargo, speed of the car (tractor) and the number of disconnected engine cylinders. Results of experiments suggest the interdependencies of the performance parameters of the car (tractor) when disconnecting some of the engine cylinders. It has also been established that the maximum reduction in the hourly fuel consumption occurs in the idling mode while it decreases along with an increase in the load.


Engine, Fuel Shutoff, Efficiency, Environmental Friendliness, Control

Full Text:



Shatrov, M.G., Sinyavski, V.V., Dunin, A.Y., Shishlov, I.G., Vakulenko, A.V, 2017, Method of conversion of high- and middle-speed diesel engines into gas diesel engines, Facta Universitatis-Series Mechanical Engineering, 15(3), pp. 383-395.

Patrakhaltsev, N.N., Kamyshnikov, R.O., Anoshina, T.S., Skripnik, D.S., 2014, Regulation of the yamz-238 diesel engine by turning off the cylinders under different operating modes, Construction and road vehicles, 9, pp. 28-31.

Liu, Y., Kuznetsov, A.G., 2019, An analysis of the working process of a diesel engine under cylinder deactivation, BMSTU Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 11(716), pp. 9-18.

Berdnikov, A.A., Mingazov, S.R., Zhukov, A.A., 2017, Improving economic performance of the internal combustion engine by switching off of the cylinders, Modern high technologies, 1, pp. 12-16.

Gosala, D.B., Allen, C.M., Ramesh, A.K., Shaver, G.M., McCarthy, J., Stretch, D., Koeberlein, E., Farrell, L., 2017, Cylinder deactivation during dynamic diesel engine operation, International Journal of Engine Research, 18(10), pp. 991-1004.

Mo, H., Huang, Y., Mao, X., Zhuo, B., 2014, The effect of cylinder deactivation on the performance of a diesel engine, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 228(2), pp. 199-205.

Thees, M., Buitkamp, T., Guenthner, M., Pickel, P., 2020, High efficiency diesel engine concept with variable valve train and cylinder deactivation for integration into a tractor, Proc. ASME 2019 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference, ICEF 2019, Chicago.

Vinodh, B., 2005, Technology for cylinder deactivation, Proc. SAE World, Detroit.

Pillai, S., Lorusso, J., Van Benschoten, M., 2015, Analytical and experimental evaluation of cylinder deactivation on a diesel engine, Proc. SAE Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress, COMVEC 2015, Donald E. Stephens Convention Center Rosemont.

Galindo, J., Dolz, V., Monsalve-Serrano, J., Bernal Maldonado, M.A., Odillard, L., 2021, EGR cylinder deactivation strategy to accelerate the warm-up and restart processes in a Diesel engine operating at cold conditions, International Journal of Engine Research, doi: 10.1177/14680874211039587

Fridrichová, K., Drápal, L., Vopařil, J., Dlugoš, J., 2021, Overview of the potential and limitations of cylinder deactivation, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 146, 111196.

Tunçer, E., Sandalcı, T., Karagöz, Y., 2021, Investigation of cycle skipping methods in an engine converted to positive ignition natural gas engine, Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 13(9), doi: 10.1177/16878140211045454

Tunçer, E., Sandalci, T., Pusat, S., Balcı, Ö., Karagöz, Y., 2021, Cycle-skipping strategy with intake air cut off for natural gas fueled Si engine, Science Progress, 104(3), doi: 10.1177/00368504211031074

Omanovic, A., Zsiga, N., Soltic, P., Onder, C., 2021, Increased internal combustion engine efficiency with optimized valve timings in extended stroke operation, Energies, 14(10), 2750.

Gößnitzer, C., Givler, S., 2021, A new method to determine the impact of individual field quantities on cycle-to-cycle variations in a spark-ignited gas engine, Energies, 14(14), 4136.

Gritsenko, A.V., Shepelev, V.D., Moor, A.D., 2020, A test method for individual control of the engine's ecological parameters, Proc. International Science and Technology Conference on Earth Science, ISTCEarthScience 2019, Russky Island, 459(4).

Zammit, J.-P., McGhee, M.J., Shayler, P.J., Pegg, I., 2014, The influence of cylinder deactivation on the emissions and fuel economy of a four-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine, Proc. Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 228(2), pp. 206-217.

Gritsenko, A.V., Glemba, K.V., Petelin, A.A., 2019, A study of the environmental qualities of diesel engines and their efficiency when a portion of their cylinders are deactivated in small-load modes, Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, 33(1), pp. 70-79.

Scassa, M., Körfer, T., Chen, S.K., Fuerst, J., Younkins, M., Nencioni, M., George, S., 2019, Smart cylinder deactivation strategies to improve fuel economy and pollutant emissions for diesel-powered applications, SAE Technical Papers, 2019-September, doi: 10.4271/2019-24-0055

Makushev Yu. P., Drevel A. V., Makusheva T. A., 2015, A methodology for calculating, diagnosing, and regulating the gas transfer system of the engine supercharger, Bulletin of the Siberian State Automobile and Highway Academy, 3(43), pp. 20-25.

Erokhov, V.I., 2013, Waste gas recirculation system of modern engines, Alternative Fuel Transport, 4(34), pp. 36-42.

Erokhov, V.I., 2017, Toxicity of modern vehicles (methods and means of reducing harmful atmospheric emissions), Moscow. Forum Publishing House.

Matsulevich, M. A., Lazarev, E.A., 2013, Parameters of the combustion process and indicators of the working cycle of a gasoline engine with intermediate cooling of recirculated exhaust gases, Bulletin of South Ural State University. Series: Mechanical Engineering, 13(1), pp. 127-131.

Matsulevich, M. A., Lazarev, E.A., 2012, A mathematical model of the working cycle of a gasoline engine with exhaust gas recirculation, Bulletin of South Ural State University. Series: Mechanical Engineering, 33(292), pp. 60-64.

Bashirov, R.M., Galiullin, R.R., 2008, Basic characteristics of the fuel system of a tractor diesel engine with fuel-off, Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture, 11, pp. 46–47.

Bashirov, R.M., Safin, F.R., Magafurov, R.Zh., 2017, The improvement of the method for regulating diesel fuel equipment, Bulletin of Altai State Agrarian University, 6(152), pp. 158-163.

Patrahaltsev, N.N., Strashnov, S.V., Melnik, I.S., Kornev, B.A., 2012, Regulation of a diesel engine by changing its working volume, Tractors and Agricultural Machinery, 2, pp. 19–22.

Patrakhaltsev, N. N., Vinogradov, L. V., Lotfullin, Sh. R., 2017, Improving the efficiency of the KAMAZ gas engine by the deactivation of some cylinders at low load modes, Alternative Fuel Transport, 1(55), pp. 31-35.

Chudakov, D. A., 1972, Fundamentals of the theory and calculation of a tractor and a vehicle, Moscow: Kolos, 384 p.

Yang, J., Quan, L., Yang, Y., 2012, Excavator energy-saving efficiency based on diesel engine cylinder deactivation technology, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering (English Edition), 25(5), pp. 897-904.

Boretti, A., Scalzo, J., 2013, A novel mechanism for piston deactivation improving the part load performances of multi cylinder engines, Proc. FISITA 2012 World Automotive Congress, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Beijing, 189 LNEE (VOL. 1), pp. 3-17.

Joshi, M., Gosala, D., Allen, C., Srinivasan, S., Ramesh, A., Vanvoorhis, M., Taylor, A., Vos, K., Shaver, G., McCarthy, J., Jr., Farrell, L., Koeberlein, E.D., 2018, Diesel engine cylinder deactivation for improved system performance over transient real-world drive cycles, Proc. 2018 SAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2018, Cobo CenterDetroit.

Ramesh, A.K., Gosala, D.B., Allen, C., Joshi, M., McCarthy, J., Jr., Farrell, L., Koeberlein, E.D., Shaver, G., 2018, Cylinder deactivation for increased engine efficiency and aftertreatment thermal management in diesel engines, Proc.2018 SAE World Congress Experience, WCX 2018, Cobo Center Detroit.

Ramesh, A.K., Shaver, G.M., Allen, C.M., Nayyar, S., Gosala, D.B., Caicedo Parra, D., Koeberlein, E., McCarthy, J., Nielsen, D., 2017, Utilizing low airflow strategies, including cylinder deactivation, to improve, fuel efficiency and after treatment thermal management, International Journal of Engine Research, 18(10), pp. 1005-1016.

Gosala, D.B., Allen, C.M., Shaver, G.M., Farrell, L., Koeberlein, E., Franke, B., Stretch, D., McCarthy, J., Jr., 2019, Dynamic cylinder activation in diesel engines, International Journal of Engine Research, 20(8-9), pp. 849-861.

Gritsenko, A., Shepelev, V., Zadorozhnaya, E., Shubenkova, K., 2020, Test diagnostics of engine systems in passenger cars, FME Transactions, 48(1), pp. 46-52.

Sinyavski, V., Shatrov, M., Kremnev, V., Pronchenko, G., 2020, Forecasting of a boosted locomotive gas diesel engine parameters with one- and two-stage charging systems, Reports in Mechanical Engineering, 1(1), pp.192-198.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 0354-2025 (Print)

ISSN: 2335-0164 (Online)

COBISS.SR-ID 98732551

ZDB-ID: 2766459-4