Miroljub Ivanović, Srdjan Milosavljević, Uglješa Ivanović

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Epidemiological studies of previous decades indicate that cardiovascular illnesses present a dominant part of the structure of mortality in the majority of developed countries in the world. The goal of this research was to establish the most common risk factors of this group of illnesses, as well as statistically significant differences and correlations between risk factors and cardiovascular illnesses in the late adolescent period. A cross-study was performed in three high school graduate classes in Serbia (Valjevo), in April 2015, on an incidental sample of 240 subjects of both genders, aged (19 ± 0.5 years). A statistically significant difference in the frequency of hypertension in male adolescents (2.54%) and female adolescents (0.0%) was not established. Obesity was significantly more manifested in male graduates (6.93%), with a significant level, than in female graduates (1.10%). Abdominal obesity is, with a confidence interval – range (99% CI), much more common in male graduates (10.01%), than in female graduates (1.26%). Among smokers, a significant gender difference was not established Alcohol was, with a probability level (p ≤0.01) consumed much more by male graduates (19.93%) than female graduates (8.01%). A statistically significant linear correlation between variables of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, and waist circumference was observed. Risk factors in late adolescents are significantly different when it comes to gender. With a goal of prevention of cardiovascular diseases in high school graduate students, it is imperative to reduce obesity, cigarette smoking, and alcohol consumption, as well as implementation of regular physical activity.

Key words: High school graduates, risk factors, hypertension, obesity, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption


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