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Lana S. Pantić, Tomislav M. Pavlović

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The aim of this paper was to investigate the influence of solar radiation intensity, ambient temperature, wind speed and solar module temperature on the modules physical characteristics, in local climate conditions and for all seasons in Niš, Serbia. Twelve sunny days, for each month of the year, from the period September 2014 - June 2016 were selected. During each day meteorological parameters, solar module temperature and solar module output parameters were measured. The highest values of solar radiation intensity, ambient temperature and solar module temperature were measured in summer months, while the lowest values were in winter months. The maximal values of the output power were measured in summer months due to the high values of solar radiation intensity on the solar modules surface. A negative impact of high solar module temperature on the open circuit voltage, the output power, the fill factor and the efficiency was observed. In the winter months the local climatic conditions and air pollution have an adverse impact on the solar module efficiency and lead to a noticeable reduction of the efficiency.


photovoltaic modules, I–V characteristics, solar module temperature, efficiency

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