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EFFECT OF STORAGE TEMPERATURE AND THERMAL PROCESSING ON CATECHINS, PROCYANIDINS AND TOTAL FLAVONOIDS STABILITY IN COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE COCOA POWDERS

Jelena M. Mrmošanin, Aleksandra N. Pavlović, Jovana N. Veljković, Snežana S. Mitić, Snežana B. Tošić, Milan N. Mitić

DOI Number
-
First page
39
Last page
49

Abstract


Storage stability of catechin, epicatechin, procyanidins B1-B4 and total flavonoids in cocoa powder samples was studied over the temperature range 4-35 ºC. Thermal stability of total flavonoids was studied over the temperature range 95-125 ºC. Total flavonoids concentration decreased as a function of time and the degradation was accelerated at higher temperatures: a half-life (t1/2) of total flavonoids was much shorter at room temperature than during cold storage. A first-order kinetic model fitted well to all the data. Temperature dependence of the degradation rate constants, described by the Arrhenius equation, was more pronounced during heating than during storage. In the temperature interval from 4 ºC to 35 ºC, the calculated activation energies (Ea) for catechin, epicatechin and procyanidins B1-B4 were 20.4 kJ/mol, 12.5 kJ/mol, 9.4 kJ/mol, 21.6 kJ/mol, 19.4 kJ/mol, 23.7 kJ/mol, respectively.

 

UTICAJ TEMPERTURE ČUVANJA I ZAGREVANJA NA SADRŽAJ KATEHINA; PROCIJANIDINA I UKUPNIH FENOLA KOMERCIJALNIM UZORCIMA KAKAOA U PRAHU

Uticaj temperature čuvanja na stabilnost katehina, epikatehina, procijanidina B1-B4 i ukupnih flavonoida u uzorcima kakaoa u prahu praćen je u temperaturnom opsegu od 4 ºC do 35 ºC. Uticaj zagrevanja na sadržaj ukupnih flavonoida je praćen u temperaturnom opsegu od 95 ºC do 125 ºC. U toku skladištenja uzoraka je došlo do smanjenja u sadržaju ukupnih flavonoida. Pomenuta promena je bila izraženija na višim temperaturama: vreme polu-života (t1/2) ukupnih flavonoida u ispitivanom uzorku kakaoa u prahu bilo je kraće kada je on čuvan na sobnoj temperaturi nego kada je čuvan u frižideru. Promene u sadržaju flavonoida u ispitivanim uzorcima prate kinetiku prvog reda. Konstante brzine degradacije, izračunate pomoću Arenijusove jednačine, veće su tokom zagrevanja nego tokom čuvanja ispitivanih uzoraka na nižim temperaturama. Izračunate energije aktivacije (Ea) za katehin, epikatehin i procijanidine B1, B2, B3 i B4 u temperaturnom intevalu od 4 ºC do 35 ºC  bile su: 20,4 kJ/mol, 12,5 kJ/mol, 9,4 kJ/mol, 21,6 kJ/mol, 19,4 kJ/mol i 23,7 kJ/mol.

 

HIGHLIGHTS

 

  • Storage stability of (epi)catechin, procyanidins B1-B4 and total flavonoids in cocoa powder samples was studied(temperature range 4-35 °C)
  • The stability of the total flavonoids was studied over the temperature range 95-125 °C
  • The degradation of the total flavonoids was significantly accelerated at higher temperatures
  • Temperature dependence of the degradation rate constants was more pronounced during heating than during storage

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2298/fu%20pct.v13i1.416

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ISSN 0354-4656 (print)

ISSN 2406-0879 (online)