Igor Vučković, Aleksandar Gadžić, Željko Sekulić, Saša Marković

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The aim of the present study was to examine the content validity and reliability of the newly developed Reaction Time and Defensive Slide Test (RTADST). Thirty-six female basketball players were recruited from three professional State Basketball league of Bosnia and Herzegovina clubs (age: 18.81 ± 2.58 years) who completed three separate trials of the RTADST with each trial consisting of fast shuffling movements left and right.  Each athlete performed the test 3 times in one day, and repeated testing was conducted the following day at evening basketball sessions. The RTADST relative reliability was evaluated by Cronbach’s alpha and ICC. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.81 which indicates good reliability. When recommendations from Bucheit et al. (2011) were taken into account, the value of ICC <0.69 indicated poor reliability. Absolute reliability of RTADST was assessed by CV, and its value was 5.3%, which is somewhat above the 5%, or the limit of acceptable reliability. Parameters of relative and absolute reliability after the exclusion of the first trial (familiarization with the test task), were more acceptable. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.90 and ICC = 0.82 compared to the one from all three trials. Considering absolute reliability, it could be concluded that the test is reliable since the CV value is below 5% (3.9%). Reliability between two days was assessed by ICC, and its value was 0.74, which confirms good reliability. Finally, the RTADST can be considered as a valid test that discriminates female basketball perimeter players and post players in reaction time and basketball defensive slide speed, while conditioning programs for the development of these abilities need to be carried out with a tool such is RTADST for the initial and final evaluation of these abilities.


Assessment of agility, nonplanned agility, female basketball players.

Full Text:



Ben Abdelkrim, N., Chaouachi, A., Chamari, K., Chtara, M., & Castagna, C. (2010). Positional Role and Competitive-Level Differences in Elite-Level Menʼs Basketball Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(5), 1346–1355.

Buchheit, M., Lefebvre, B., Laursen, P. B., & Ahmaidi, S. (2011). Reliability, usefulness, and validity of the 30–15 intermittent ice test in young elite ice hockey players. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(5), 1457–1464.

Conte, D., Favero, T., Lupo, C., Francioni, F., Capranica, L., & Tessitore, A. (2015). Time-Motion Analysis of Italian Elite Women’s Basketball Games: Individual and Team Analyses. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(1), 144–150.

Čoh, M., Vodičar, J., Žvan, M., Šimenko, J., Stodolka, J., Rauter, S., & Maćkala, K. (2018). Are Change-of-Direction Speed and Reactive Agility Independent Skills Even When Using the Same Movement Pattern? Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(7), 1929–1936.

Del Rossi, G., Malaguti, A., Del Rossi, S. (2014). Practice Effects Associated With Repeated Assessment of a Clinical Test of Reaction Time. Journal of Athletic Training, 49(3), 356–359.

Farrow, D., Young, W., & Bruce, L. (2005). The development of a test of reactive agility for netball: A new methodology. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 8(1), 52–60.

Green, B., Blake, C., & Caulfield, B. (2011). A Valid Field Test Protocol of Linear Speed and Agility in Rugby Union. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(5), 1256–1262.

Henry, G., Dawson, B., Lay, B., & Young, W. (2011). Validity of a Reactive Agility Test for Australian football. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(4), 534–545.

Hopkins, W., Marshall, S., Batterham, A., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine Science in Sports Exercise, 41(1), 3–13.

Horníková H, Zemková E. (2022). Determinants of Y-Shaped Agility Test in Basketball Players. Applied Sciences. 12(4), 1865.

Krause, J.V., Meyer, D., & Meyer, J. (2008). Basketball Skills & Drills. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Leite, N.M., Leser, R., Gonçalves, B., Calleja-Gonzalez, J., Baca, A., & Sampaio, J. (2014). Effect of Defensive Pressure on Movement Behaviour During an Under-18 Basketball Game. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(9), 743-748.

Lockie, R., Jeffriess, M., McGann, T., Callaghan, S., & Schultz, A. (2014). Planned and Reactive Agility Performance in Semiprofessional and Amateur Basketball Players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(5), 766–771.

Loureiro, L. D. B. Jr., & Freitas, P. B. (2016). Development of an Agility Test for badminton players and Assessment of Its Validity and Test-Retest Reliability. International Journal of Sports Physiology, 11(3), 305-310.

Matthew, D., & Delextrat, A. (2009). Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and time–motion analysis of female basketball players during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(8), 813-821.

McInnes, S.E., Carlson, J.S., Jones, C.J., & Mckenna, M.J. (1995). The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 13(5), 387–397.

McCormick, B. T. (2014). The reliability and validity of various lateral side-step tests. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 26(2), 67-75.

Montgomery, P., Pyne, D., & Minahan, C. (2010). The physical and physiological demands of basketball training and competition. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5, 75–86.

Morrison, M., Martin, D.T., Talpey, S., Scanlan, A.T., Delaney, J., Halson, S., & Weakley, J. (2022). A Systematic Review on Fitness Testing in Adult Male Basketball Players: Tests Adopted, Characteristics Reported and Recommendations for Practice. Sports Medicine, Online first:

Narazaki, K., Berg, K., Stergiou, N., & Chen, B. (2009). Physiological demands of competitive basketball. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine Science and Sports, 19, 425–432.

Nimphius, S., Callaghan, S. J., Bezodis, N. E., & Lockie, R. G. (2018). Change of direction and agility tests: challenging our current measures of performance. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 40(1), 26–38.

Oliver, J., & Meyers, R. (2009). Reliability and generality of measures of acceleration, planned agility, and reactive agility. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 4, 345-354.

Paul, D. J., Gabbett, T. J., & Nassis, G. P. (2016). Agility in team sports: Testing, training and factors affecting performance. Sports Medicine, 46(3), 421-442.

Rodriguez-Alonso, M., Fernandez-Garcia, B., Perez-Landaluce, J., & Terrados, N. (2003). Blood lactate and heart rate during national and international women’s basketball. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 43, 432–436.

Roozen, M. (2005). Developing hip joint adduction and abduction strength. NSCA Perform Train J 4: 18–19.

Sattler, T., Sekulic, D., Spasic, M., Osmankac, N., Vicente, J. P., Dervisevic, E., & Hadzic, V. (2016). Isokinetic knee strength qualities as predictors of jumping performance in high-level volleyball athletes: multiple regression approach. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 56(1-2), 60-69.

Scanlan, A., Dascombe, B., & Reaburn, P. (2011). A comparison between the activity demands of elite and sub-elite Australian man’s basketball competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29:11, 1153-1160.

Scanlan, A., Dascombe, B., Reaburn, P., & Dalbo, V. (2012). The physiological and activity demands experienced by Australian female basketball players during competition. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 15, 341–347.

Sekulic, D., Krolo, A., Spasic, M., Uljevic, O., & Peric M. (2014). The development of a new stop’n’go reactive agility test. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(11), 3306-3312.

Sekulic, D., Pehar, M., Krolo, A., Spasic, M., Uljevic, O., Calleja-González, J., & Sattler, T. (2017). Evaluation of Basketball-Specific agility: applicability of preplanned and nonplanned agility performances for differentiating playing positions and playing levels. Journal of strength and Conditioning Research, 31(8), 2278–2288.

Serpell, B.G., Young, W.B. & Ford, M. (2011). Are Perceptual and Decision-Making Components of Agility Trainable? A Preliminary Investigation, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25, 1240- 1248

Shimokochi, Y., Ide, D., Kokubu, M., & Nakaoji, T. (2013). Relationships Among Performance of Lateral Cutting Maneuver From Lateral Sliding and Hip Extension and Abduction Motions, Ground Reaction Force, and Body Center of Mass Height. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(7), 1851–1860.

Spasic, M., Krolo, A., Zenic, N., Delextrat, A., & Sekulic, D. (2015). Reactive agility performance in handball: Development and evaluation of a sport-specific measurement protocol. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 14, 501–506.

Spiteri, T., Cochrane, J. L., & Nimphius, S. (2013). The Evaluation of a New Lower-Body Reaction Time Test. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(1), 174–180.

Sporiš, G., Šango, J., Vučetić, V., & Mašina, T. (2006). The latent structure of standard game efficiency indicators in basketball. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 6(1), 120-129.

Uchida, Y., Demura, S., Nagayama, R., & Kitabayashi, T. (2013). Stimulus Tempos and the Reliability of the Successive Choice Reaction Test. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(3), 848-853.

Veale, J., Pearce, A., & Carlson, J. (2010). Reliability and validity of a reactive agility test for Australian football. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 5(2), 239-248.

Zouhal, H., Abderrahman, A. B., Dupont, G., Truptin, P., Le Bris, R., Le Postec, E., Coppalle, S., Ravé, G., Brughell, M., & Bideau, B. (2018). Laterality influences agility performance in elite soccer players. Frontiers in Physiology, 9, 807.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN   1451-740X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0496 (Online)