Nataša G. Roška, Lidija Moskovljević, Tijana Purenović-Ivanović, Boris Boris Popović

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The PETTLEP motor imagery method is a widely used approach in the process of improving the performance of sport activities. In comparison to more traditional imagery protocols, PETTLEP-based imagery provides a more detailed learning experience. Consisting of many domains that are helpful in achieving better results by applying processes such as physical factors, environmental details, task and time factors, learning and perspective moments, the PETTLEP method is an advanced approach recommended by many studies which confirm its effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the PETTLEP imagery method in training sessions involving young female rhythmic gymnasts (RGs) on the performance advancement of selected jump techniques in Rhythmic Gymnastics (RG). Forty-nine female RG novices aged 6 to 8.99 and thirty-one aged 9 to 10.99 were involved in this study and divided into two subgroups (training with and without the PETTLEP method). The mutual training methods were hour-long training sessions twice per week, with a mandatory task of learning and improving the technique of the vertical jump with straight legs and with a turn, the “Cabriole” forward jump, and the “Scissors” leaps with a switch of the legs forward. Group two was the one following the PETTLEP method in the learning process. The quality of the jump techniques was evaluated by national and international RG judges according to a modified scale for assessment of the adoption of jump techniques in RG, adjusted according to the FIG Code of Points for RG. The data were analysed with a repeated measures ANOVA, effect size r, and Cohen’s d effect. The results of the analysis showed that both groups showed signs of improvement. There was no significant between-group difference in the effect size. 


motor imagery, action observation, performance improving

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