Željka Bojanić, Ivana Milovanović

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The aim of the study was to examine the occurrence of aggression in school among students who play sports, according to the expression model of Žužul (1989), who identifies five types of aggressive behavior (physically manifest aggression, physical latent aggression, verbally manifest aggression, verbal latent aggression, indirect aggression). Moreover, we investigated gender and age differences and differences across types of secondary schools. The sample consisted of 225 high school students, who completed the Aggression Questionnaire (Žužul, 1989). The total occurrence, gender differences, age differences, and secondary school vocational differences were evaluated. The results indicated that the general aggression occurrence is lower than the normative data from the Serbian population (t (224) = 14.90, p < .001), where the preferred expression modality is verbal aggression, independently of the students’ gender. The results showed that boys are more prone to physical aggression, both manifest and latent. No gender differences were found regarding both aspects of verbal aggression. Age differences were found in all five types of aggression, suggesting that older students are more likely to engage in different forms of aggressive behavior. Physical latent aggression and overall aggression were the highest among adolescents in vocational high schools. This study contributes to a better understanding of different patterns of aggressive behavior among high school students who play sports.


aggression, secondary school students, peers, gender, vocational orientation

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