THE EFFECTS OF A SWIMMING PROGRAM ON THE FUNCTIONAL ABILITIES OF FEMALE STUDENTS

Slađana Stanković, Živorad Marković, Milivoj Dopsaj, Aleksandar Ignjatović, Dragana Aleksić

Abstract


The largest number of spirometry tests are applied in the case of patients with lung problems and do not relate to samples of the general population or the effects of physical exercise in children. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of the experimental program of swimming on the functional ability of fourth grade female elementary school children. A sample of 100 respondents, aged 11 (± 6 months), was divided into two subsamples. The first subsample, 50 of them, consisted of the school children who only have regular physical education at school. The second subsample was composed of a group of schoolchildren who in addition to regular physical education at school had an experimental program of non-swimmer training, twice a week for 45 minutes (a total of 24 hours). The study included three variables for assessing functional abilities: resting heart rate (HRR), forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume (FEV). The results obtained using the univariate analysis of covariance demonstrated a statistically significant difference in the variable forced vital capacity (FVC), p = .042. In future this research could be a starting point for research in the field of working with non-swimmers and water activities relating to a greater number of hours spent in the water, on a sample of respondents that includes both sexes, different age groups of respondents as well as the possibilities of determining the difference between respondents involved in the training of non-swimmers and those who are involved in the swimming training process. 


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References


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