THE INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT CONTENT ON THE MOTOR ENGAGEMENT OF PRESCHOOLERS

Živorad Marković, Danica Džinović-Kojić, Aleksandar Ignjatović, Goran Šekeljić, Slađana Stanković

Abstract


The goal of this work was to research the influence of athletic, gymnastics and dance content on the motor engagement of preschoolers during individual phases, as well as on the total engagement during directed motor activities. The research was realized during the first term of the 2015/2016 school year in the pre-school institution “Dečja Radost” in Svilajnac, and 60 activities of preschoolers were monitored. The time of engagement was measured by random choice of one of the preschoolers and he or she was being monitored by the measurer during the directed activity. The preschooler whose engagement was being measured did not know that he or she was the object of monitoring and measuring. Apart from the descriptive statistics, the One-way ANOVA and Tukey’s HSD test were applied in the processing of the data measured in this empirical research. The parameters of the descriptive statistics indicate that the dance content influenced the biggest engagement in the preparatory and the main phase of the directed activity. The elements of athletics were more efficient in the introductory and the final phase, as well as in the total engagement. The average engagement with athletic content is 727.65, and with the dance content it is 718.70 seconds. The values of ANOVA indicate statistically significant difference for all phases in comparison to the content directed to motor activities. The general statement indicates that athletic and dance activities by their content influence more positively the total engagement of preschoolers in relation to gymnastics content.

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