Aleksandra Grbovic, Bojan Jorgic

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The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the motor abilities between students with different levels of visual acuity. The research included 51 participants of both genders, aged 7 to 12, divided in to a group of typically developed children, with normal visual acuity (n=24) and a group of students with visual impairment (n=27). The group of students with visual impairment (VI) was divided into two groups: students with moderate visual impairment (MVI) and students with severe visual impairment (SVI). To evaluate their motor abilities we used eight tests from the Eurofit battery of tests. Typically developed children scored statistically significant higher results on the Flamingo Balance test, Plate Tapping, Sit-and-Reach, Sit-Ups in 30s the 10 x 5m, Shuttle Run and the 20m endurance shuttle run. Between two groups of participants with VI, statistically significant differences were determined only for the Flamingo Balance test for the evaluation of static balance, in favor of students with SVI. The assumption is that students with SVI rely on information obtained by peripheral sections of the retina more so than students with MVI. It is necessary to carry our further studies that would include a greater number of participants and a greater number of tests for the evaluation of balance, maintaining posture and walking so that the obtained hypotheses could further be confirmed.


visual acuity, visual impairment, balance, peripheral vision, differences

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