Jelena Ivanović, Aco Gajević, Ivanka Gajić, Dragan Atanasov

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The main goal of this research is to determine effect of the ten–weeks-long programmed Nordic Walking (NW) exercising to body composition and functional ability on 68 old year woman. For the evaluation of body composition, the following variables were obtained using the Bioelectric Impedance: Body mass, Body Mass Index, Body Fat Mass, Percentage of the Body Fat Mass and Fat Free Mass. For the evaluation of the functional capability, the UKK 2 km test was used and the following variables were followed: Maximal oxygen uptake and Fitness index. The program was based on aerobic exercise, with the aim of adjusting the body to physical exercise and training to improve muscle strength. The program consisted of a combination of NW and exercises for warming up, tightening and strengthening of the complete musculature. The results showed significant improvements in all observed characteristics, especially in functional parameters. Maximal oxygen uptake and Fitness index, in the end, compared to the initial measurement, improved by almost 61% (from 17.91 ml/kg/min to 29.62 ml/kg/min) and 63% (from 68 at 109). In addition, the results showed that the trend of changes in all observed characteristics has a significant increase at the level of 89.88% (for Fat free mass) to 98.73% (Fitness index). Continued application of the proposed program could contribute to the improvement of the examined variables related to body composition and functional capacity, which can result in better health status of the target population.


Fitness, Body Composition, Adult, Nordic Walking

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FUPES190130028I


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