Jusuf Blegur, M. Rambu P. Wasak, Mieke Souisa

DOI Number
First page
Last page


This research was conducted with an aim to examine the relationship of time management with the physical education learning outcomes in high-school students of both genders, aged 17.60±0.89 (Mean±SD). The data of Time management from respondents were taken using the Time Management Questionnaire (Alay & Kocak, 2002). Data on learning outcomes were taken from the learning value of Physical Education students in the first semester of the school year 2018/2019. The results of the descriptive test indicates that the time management of students was classified as fair (62.71%) and their learning outcomes were also good (83.05%), while the results of the Pearson test showed a significant relationship between time management with physical education learning outcomes (0.314) Thus, educators can train students to develop time management skills by arranging plans before doing, determining and setting work priorities, being responsible for work time and priorities, and avoiding unfavorable activities.


Time Management, Learning Outcomes, Academic Performance, Physical Education

Full Text:



Adebayo, F.A. (2015). Time management and students academic performance in higher institution, Nigeria-A case study of Ekiti State. International Research in Education, 3(2), 1-12.

Ajayi, I.A., & Yusuf, M.A. (2017). School plants planning and students’ learning outcomes in south west Nigerian secondary schools. International Journal of Educational Science, 2(1), 47-53.

Alay, S., & Kocak, S. (2002). Validity and reliability of time management questionnaire. Hacettepe Universitesi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 22, 9-13.

Blegur, J., & Wasak, M.R.P. (2017). Permainan kecil: Teori dan aplikasi. Kupang: Jusuf Aryani Learning.

Blegur, J., Manu, T.S.N., & Souisa, M. (2018). Students’ disciplined character as the effort to improve self-esteem and academic performance. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(4), 366-376.

Chansaengsee, S. (2017). Time management for work-life and study-life balance. Verdian E-Journal, 10(5), 20-34.

Farrell, M. (2017). Leadership reflections. Journal of Library Administration, 57, 215-222.

Gea, A.A. (2014). Time management: Menggunakan waktu secara efektif dan efisien. Humaniora, 5(2), 777-785.

Ghiasvand, A.M., Naderi, M., Tafreshi, M.Z., Ahmadi, F., & Hosseini, M. (2017). Relationship between time management skills and anxiety and academic motivation of nursing students in Tehran. Electronic Physician, 9(1), 3678-3684.

Jackson, V.P. (2009). Time management: A realistic approach. Journal of the American College of Radiology, 6(6), 434-436.

Kayode, G.M., & Ayodele, J.B. (2015). Impact of teachers’ time management on secondary school students’ academic performance in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Secondary Education, 3(1), 1-7.

Keshavarz, M. (2011). Measuring course learning outcome. Journal of Learning Design, 4(4), 1-9.

Khan, H.M.A., Farooqi, M.T.K., Khalil, A., & Faisal, I. (2016). Exploring relationship of time management with teachers’ performance. Bulletin of Education and Research, 38(2), 249-263.

Khatib, A.S.A. (2014). Time management and its relation to students’ stress, gender and academic achievement among sample of students at Al Ain University of Science and Technology, UAE. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 4(5), 47-58.

Kholisa, N. (2012). Hubungan manajemen waktu dengan efektivitas kerja karyawan. Journal of Social and Industrial Psychology, 1(1), 56-60.

Kusumadewi, K.R., Sedanayasa, G., & Antari, N.N.M. (2014). Efektivitas konseling Gestalt dengan teknik “saya bertanggung jawab atas….” Untuk meningkatkan tanggung jawab akademik siswa (The effectiveness of Gestalt counseling with the technique "I am responsible for ...." To increase students' academic responsibility). Jurnal Online Jurusan Bimbingan dan Konseling, 2(1), 1-12. In Indonesian

Macan, T, Shahani, C., Dipboye, R.L., & Phillips, A.P. (1990). College students' time management: Correlations with academic performance and stress. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 760-768.

Mahasneh, A.M., Al-Zoubi, Z.H., Batayeneh, O.T., Al-Sawalmeh, A.A., & Mahasneh, A.M. (2013). Attitudes university students towards time management skills. European Journal of Social Sciences, 38(3), 392-399.

Maksimović, J., & Osmanović, J. (2018). Physical education teachers as reflective practitioners and action researchers in their work. Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport, 16(2), 375-386.

Miqdadi, F.Z., ALMomani, A.F., Masharqa, S., & Elmousel, N.M. (2014). The relationship between time management and the academic performance of students from the petroleum institute in Abu Dhabi, the UAE. American Society for Engineering Education Zone I Conference (pp. 1-5), University of Bridgeport, CT, USA.

Nadinloyi, K.B., Hajloo, N., Garamaleki, N.S., & Sadeghi, H. (2013). The study efficacy of time management training on increase academic time management of students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84, 134-138.

Nasrullah, S., & Khan, M.S. (2015). The impact of time management on students’ academic achievement. Journal of Literature, Languages, and Linguistics, 11, 66-71.

Nayak, S.G. (2018). Time management in nursing-Hour of need. International Journal of Caring Science, 11(3), 1997-2000.

Nzewi, H.N., Chiekezie, O.M., & Ikon, M.A. (2016). Time management and academic performance of postgraduate students in Nigerian Universities. Review of Public Administration & Management, 1(2), 180-192.

Ocak, G., & Boyraz, S. (2016). Examination of the relation between academic procrastination and time management skills of undergraduate students in terms of some variables. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(5), 76-84.

Pehlivan, A. (2013). The effect of the time management skills of students taking a financian accounting course on their course-grades and grade point averages. International Journal of Bussiness and Social Science, 4(5), 196-203.

Razali, S. N. A. M., Rusiman, M. S., Gan, W. S., & Arbin, N. (2017). The impact of time management on students’ academic achievement. Journal of Physics, 995, 1-7.

Sahito, Z., Khawaja, M., Panhwar, U.M., Siddiqui, A., & Saeed, H. (2016). Teacher time management and the performance students: A comparison of government and private schools of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. World Journal of Education, 6(6), 42-50.

Wulandari, B., & Surjono, H.D. (2013). Pengaruh problem based learning terhadap hasil belajar ditinjau dari motivasi belajar PLC di SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 3(2), 178-191.

Ziapour, A., Khatony, A., Jafary, F., & Kianipour, N. (2015). Evaluation of time management behaviors and its related factors in the senior nurse managers, Kermanshah-Iran. Global Journal of Health Science, 7(2), 366-373.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN   1451-740X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0496 (Online)