FITNESS PARAMETERS AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE CHILDREN AGED SEVEN YEARS

Anđela Đošić, Marija Bratić, Marko Jezdimirović, Tijana Purenović-Ivanović, Danijela Živković, Milovan Bratić

DOI Number
https://doi.org/10.22190/FUPES190315049D
First page
549
Last page
558

Abstract


The aim of the research was to determine the correlation of morphological characteristics and fitness parameters of overweight and obese boys aged seven. The sample of participants consisted of 198 pupils (boys) aged seven years, from elementary schools from the territory of the city of Niš, Paraćin, Bela Palanka, Leskovac and others, classified as a category with increased body mass or obesity. Morphological characteristics were determined by measuring parameters of longitudinal (3), transversal, (3) circular dimensions (3) and body mass and measurement of subcutaneous fat tissue (3). For the assessment of muscular fitness, body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness, the following tests were used: the plyometric leap, precancer-turn-off, percentage of body fat and Body Mass Index (BMI); a shuttle run test based on the calculated VO2max (L) and VO2max (ml/kg/min) values. A canonical correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between morphological characteristics and fitness parameters. The level of statistical significance was set at .05. The results of the study showed that there is a statistically significant association (p˂.01) between morphological characteristics and fitness parameters in overweight and obese boys aged seven. Participants who have higher values of voluminosity and body width have higher values of fat percentage in the body as well as BMI. Smaller explosive power was found in participants with higher values of skin folds. It has been determined that body mass and voluminosity positively affects the strength of the arm and shoulders, that is, they adversely affect the VO2max values.


Keywords

Fitness, Morphological Characteristics, Overweight, Obesity, Prepubescent Age

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ara, I., Moreno, A.L., Leiva, T.M., Gutin, B., & Casajús, A.J. (2007). Adiposity, physical activity, and physical fitness among children from Aragón, Spain. Obesity, 15(8), 1918-1924.

Bala, G., Jakšić, D., & Katić, R. (2009). Trend of relations between morphological characteristics and motor abilities in preschool children. Collegium Antropologicum, 33(2), 373-385.

Bukara-Radujković, G., & Zdravković, D. (2009). Fizička aktivnost značajan faktor u sprečavanju gojaznosti u dečjem uzrastu (Physical activity - a significant factor in preventing childhood obesity). Medicinski Pregled, 62 (3-4), 107-113. In Serbian

Bunc, V. (2006). Body composition as a determining factor in the aerobic fitness and physical performance of Czech children. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomoucensis Gymnica, 36(4), 39-45.

Cole, T.J., Bellizzi, M.C., Flegal, K.M., & Dietz, W.H. (2000). Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. British Medical Journal, 320, 1240-1243.

Đorđević, A. (2005). Rekreacija kao način savremenog življenja (Recreation as a way of modern life). Sports Medicine, 5 (2), 54-78. In Serbian

Đorđević, M.M., Pantelić, S., Kostić, R., & Uzunović, S. (2015). The correlation between anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities in seven year old girls. Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport, 251-260.

Esmaeilzadeh, S., & Ebadollahzadeh, K. (2012). Physical fitness, physical activity and sedentary activities of 7 to 11 years old boys with different Body Mass Indexes. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(2), 105-112.

Gligorijevic, S. (2008). Anthropometric parameters as indicators of growth acceleration and precocious obesity of pre-adolescents. Acta Medica Medianae, 47 (2), 15-19.

Graf, C., Koch, B., Kretschmann-Kandel, E., Falkowski, G., Christ, H., Coburger, S., et al. (2004). Correlation between BMI, leisure habits and motor abilities in childhood (CHILT-project). International Journal of Obesity, 28(1), 22-26.

Kostić, R., Đurašković, R., Pantelić, S., Živković, D., Uzunović, S., & Živković, M. (2009). The relations between anthropometric characteristics and coordination skills. Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport, 7(1), 101-112.

Krneta, Ž., Kerić, & Pelemiš, M. (2011). Analiza motoričkog statusa mlađih adolescenata oba pola u odnosu na vrednosti indeksa telesne mase (The analysis of the motorical status of young adolescents of both sexes referring to the values of the body mass index). Sport i zdravlje, 1, 80-85. In Serbian

Leger, L.A., & Lambert, J (1982). A maximal multistage 20m Shuttle Run test to predict VO2max. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 49, 1-12.

Macfarlane, J.D., & Tomkinson, R.G. (2007). Evolution and Variability in Fitness Test Performance of Asian Children and Adolescents. Medicine and Sport Science, 50, 143-167.

Macura, M., Pešić, K., Đorđević-Nikić, M., Stojiljković, S., & Dabović, M. (2007). Morfološke karakteristike i funkcionalne sposobnosti igrača elitnog folklornog ansambla (Morphological characteristics and functional abilities of an elite folk ensemble dancer). Fizička kultura, 61 (1-2), 105-117. In Serbian

Manić, G. (2007). Multivarijantne razlike nekih biomotoričkih dimenzija učenika viših razreda osnovne škole u odnosu na količinu masnog tkiva (Multivariant diferrences in some biomotoric dimensions of the higher primary school grades pupils in regard to quantity of fatty tissue). Acta Kinesiologica, 1(1), 44-48. In Croatian

Milanese, C., Bоrtolami, O., Bertucco, M., Verlato, G., & Zancanaro, O. (2010). Anthropometry and motor fitness in children aged 6-12 years. Journal of Human Sport & Exercise, 5(2), 265-279.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Serbia. (2007). Research on the health of the population of Republic of Serbia, 2006. Institute for Public Health "Dr Milan Jovanović Batut" Final Report. In Serbian

Nazarenko, L.D. (2000). Vertical jumping as a movement coordination skill. Physical Education. Child coach (Russian edition), 3, 28-32.

Nittari, G., Scuri, S., Petrelli, F., Pirillo, I., di Luca, N.M., & Grappasonni, I. (2019). Fighting obesity in children from European World Health Organization member states. Epidemiological data, medical-social aspects, and prevention programs. La Clinica Terapeutica, 170(3), e223-e230.

Ogden, C.L., Carroll, M.D., Lawman, H.G., Fryar, C.D., Kruszon-Moran, D., Kit, B.K., et al. (2016). Trends in obesity prevalence among children and adolescents in the United States, 1988-1994 through 2013-2014. Jama, 315(21), 2292-2299.

Ortega, F.B., Labayen, I., Ruiz, J.R., Kurvinen, E., Loit, H.M., Harro, J., et al. (2011). Improvements in fitness reduce the risk of becoming overweight across puberty. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(10), 1891-1897.

Psaltopoulou, T., Tzanninis, S., Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, I., Panotopoulos, G., Kostopoulou, M., Tzanninis, I. G., et al. (2019). Prevention and treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity: a systematic review of meta analyses. World Journal of Pediatrics, 15(4), 350-381.

Slaughter, M.H., Lohman, T.G., Boileau, R.A., Horewill, C.A., Stillman, R.J., VanLoan, M.D., et al. (1988). Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Humаn Biolоgy, 60, 709-723.

Sisson, S. B., Camhi, S.M., Church, T.S., Martin, C.K., Tudor-Locke, C., Bouchard, C., et al. (2009). Leisure time sedentary behavior, occupational/domestic physical activity, and metabolic syndrome in US men and women. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, 7(6), 529-536.

Spiotta, R.T., & Luma, G.B. (2008). Evaluating obesity and cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents. American Family Physician, 78(9), 1052-1058.

Wang, Y., & Lobstein, T.I.M. (2006). Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 1(1), 11-25.

Weiner, J.S., & Lourie, J.A. (1969). Human Biology. Oxford and Edinburgh: Published for the International Biological Programme by Blackwell Scientific Publications

World Health Organisation-WHO. (2019). Obesity and overweight. Retrieved July 18, 2019 from the World Wide Web: https://www.who.int/topics/obesity/en/.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FUPES190315049D

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN   1451-740X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0496 (Online)