Slobodanka Dobrijević, Marko Ćosić, Sonja Kocić Pajić, Stevan Grujić, Lidija Moskovljević

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The aim of this study is to determine the effect of sports gymnastics and athletics training on the development of athletes’ motor abilities in the initial preparation phase. The study was conducted on a sample of 81 girls and boys of about 9 years of age, who train athletics (N=34) and gymnastics (N=47). A total of 9 variables were observed, three to assess anthropometric characteristics (body height, body mass and the body mass index) and 6 to assess the participants’ motor abilities (explosive leg power, repetitive power, agility, power endurance, flexibility, cardiorespiratory endurance). The one-sample t-test was used to compare the results with mean values of the general population of the same age, whereas a univariate ANOVA was used to compare the results between the athletes and the gymnasts of different genders. The results show that the level of motor development in girls is significantly higher than in the general population, while in boys, significant progress was not registered in power endurance and cardiorespiratory endurance, regardless of the sport they are engaged in. Regardless of gender, gymnasts have better flexibility compared to athletes, while athletes have significantly higher explosive power and agility.


Power, Endurance, Agility, Flexibility, Children

Full Text:



Atiković, A., Kalinski, S. D., & Čuk, I. (2017). Age trends in artistic gymnastic across world championships and the olympic games from 2003 to 2016. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 9(3), 251-263.

Balyi, I. (2001). Sport system building and long-term athlete development in British Columbia. Coaches Report, 8(1), 22-28.

Balyi, I., & Hamilton, A. (2004). Long-term athlete development: trainability in childhood and adolescence. Olympic Coach, 16(1), 4-9.

Bijelić, S., & Simović, S. (2005). Trenažna tehnologija u radu sa mladim sportistima (Training technology in young athlete training). Banja Luka: Grafid: Secretariat for Sports and Youth in the Government of the Republika Srpska. In Serbian

Bompa, T.O. (2009). Periodizacija: teorija i metodologija treninga (Periodization: Training theory and methodology). Zagreb: Gopal. In Croatian

Caspersen, C.J., Pereira, M.A., & Curran, K.M. (2000). Changes in physical activity patterns in the United States, by sex and cross-sectional age. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32(9), 1601-1609.

Dobrijević, S., Moskovljević, L., & Milanović, I. (2015). Značaj uključivanja devojčica mlađeg školskog uzrasta u rekreativni program ritmičke gimnastike (The importance of including younger school-age girls in the recreational program of rhythmic gymnastics). In: G. Kasum, & M. Mudrić, M. (Eds.). Book of proceedings of the International Scientific Conference “Effects of Applying Physical Activity on Anthropological Status of Children, Adolescents And Adults” (pp. 418-423). Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade. In Serbian.

Drabik, J. (1996). Children and sports training. Island Point, VT: Stadium Publishing Company.

Gužalovskiй, A.A. (1984). Problema „kritičeskih“ periodov ontogeneza v ee značenii dlя teorii i praktiki fizičeskogo vospitaniя (Problem of critical periods in ontogenesis and its importance for theory and practice in physical education). Očerki po teorii fizičeskoй kulьturы (Essays on the theory of physical culture), (pp. 211-223). Fizkulьtura i sport. In Russian

Lazarević, P., Milosavljević, S., Lazarević, S., Marković, V., & Savić, A. (2018). Different levels of motor abilities in boys and girls aged 10 and 9. Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport, 16(1), 189-199.

Lazlo, N. (1986). Il tempo di costruire (Time to build). Scuola Dello Sport: Rivista di Cultura Sportiva, 3-4, 6-10. In Italian

Malina, RM., Bouchard, C., & Bar-Or, O. (1991). Growth, maturation and physical activity. Champaign, Illinois. Human Kinetics.

Mier, C.M., & Shapiro, B.S. (2013). Sex differences in pelvic and hip flexibility in men and women matched for sit-and-reach score. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(4), 1031-1035.

Milanović, I., & Radisavljević, J.S (2015). Praćenje fizičkih sposobnosti učenika osnovne škole u nastavi fizičkog vaspitanja (Monitoring physical abilities of primary school pupils in physical education lessons, In Serbian). Belgrade: Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade. In Serbian

Opstoel, K., Pion, J., Elferink-Gemser, M., Hartman, E., Willemse, B., Philippaerts, R., et al. (2015). PLoS One: Anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness and motor coordination of 9 to 11year old children participating in a wide range of sports. Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, 19(4), 174-174.

Paunović, M., Đurović, M., Veličković, S., Živković, M., & Stojanović, N. (2018). The explosive strength of girls of the younger school age. Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport, 16(3), 677-685.

Pion, J., Segers, V., Fransen, J., Debuyck, G., Deprez, D., Haerens, L., et al. (2015). Generic anthropometric and performance characteristics among elite adolescent boys in nine different sports. European Journal of Sport Science, 15(5), 357-366.

Platonov, N.V. (1999). La concezione della “periodizzazione” e lo sviluppo di una teoria dell’allenamento (The concept of "periodization" and the development of a training theory). Scuola Dello Sport: Rivista di Cultura Sportiva, 18(45), 3-7. In Italian

Rushall, B. (1998). Research in action/coaching children: The growth of physical characteristics in male and female children. Sports Coach, 20, 25-27.

Stanković, S., Veljković, A.A., Marković, Ž., & Herodek, K. (2020). The effects of regular classes and classes with additional exercises on students’ motor abilities. Facta Universitatis Series Physical Education and Sport, 18(1), 219-228.

Valdivia, O.D., Ortega, F.Z., Rodríguez, J.J.A., & Sánchez, M.F. (2009). Changes in flexibility according to gender and educational stage. Apunts: Medicina De l'Esport, 44(161), 10-17.

Viru, A., Loko, J., Volver, A., Laaneots, L., Karelson, K., & Viru, M. (1998). Age periods of accelerated improvement of muscle strength, power, speed and endurance in the age interval 6-18 years. Biology of Sport, 15(4), 211–227.

Vorontsov, W.A. (1998). Developement of basic and special endurance in age-group swimmers. The Australian Swimming Coaches and Teschers Association.

Wilke, K. & Madsen, O. (1986). Coaching the young swimmers. London: Pelham Books.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN   1451-740X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0496 (Online)