ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS OF LARGE WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS – THE CITY OF NIŠ

Dejan Vasović, Sandra Stanković, Ljiljana Takić

DOI Number
https://doi.org/10.22190/FUWLEP1901015V
First page
015
Last page
024

Abstract


Nowadays, the Republic of Serbia is at the bottom of the scale of European countries in terms of public utility equipment of the respective communal infrastructure particularly within the area of wastewater collection and treatment. The current situation in the area of water resources management in the Republic of Serbia indicates that the basic problems are insufficient construction of sewerage infrastructure in cities, i.e. insufficient coverage with the sewerage network of users connected to either public or private water supply network, followed by an insufficient number of constructed and operative wastewater treatment plants. In this sense, a particular problem is a requirement for relatively large initial investments in wastewater collection and treatment sector. Also, a special difficulty is the low price of delivered and channeled water within the existing system of public utilities, which is insufficient to provide maintenance of the existing water supply and sewage systems, regardless the future development and improvement of the existing system. Currently, only 10% of total produced wastewater quantity is treated in the Republic of Serbia, with different procedures and with uneven and, most often, insufficient purification effects. In addition to wastewater generated by the population (i.e. households connected to the sewer system), the special problem is the inadequate treatment of industrial wastewater. On the other hand, disposition of treated wastewater, disposal of separated sludge from the treatment process, odor and pest control, noise control, working conditions, etc. are significant challenges for the scientists, professionals and operators. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to comprehensively examine all environmental aspects on the example of a large wastewater treatment plant which is to be gained by the city of Niš, in the very near future.

Keywords

large wastewater treatment plant, environmental impact, the City of Niš

Full Text:

PDF

References


Council Directive 75/440/EEC of 16. June 1975. concerning the quality required of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water in the Member States. OJ L 194, 25.7.1975.

Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21. May 1991. concerning urban waste-water treatment. OJ L 135, 30.5.1991.

Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12. December 1991. concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources. OJ L 375, 31.12.1991.

Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3. November 1998. on the quality of water intended for human consumption. OJ L 330, 5.12.1998.

Council Directive 2006/7/EC of 15. February 2006. concerning the management of bathing water quality and repealing Directive 76/160/EEC. OJ L 64, 4.3.2006

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, EU Water Framework Directive.

Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, Serbian Environmental Protection Agency, Annual Report: The results of the quality of surface and groundwater for 2016, Belgrade 2017.

Ž. Vranjanac, D. Vasović, “Importance of oxygen regime indicators - case study of the Nišava river in Serbia”, Facta Universitatis, Series: Working and Living Environmental Protection, 14 (2), 2017, pp. 181 - 186, https://doi.org/10.22190/FUWLEP1702181V, ISSN 0354-804X.

S. Stevanović, A. Savić, „Biological and microbiological monitoring of the quality of the river Nišava “, Facta Universitatis, Series: Working and Living Environmental Protection, 15 (3), 2018, pp. 203 - 208, https://doi.org/ 10.22190/FUWLEP1803203S, ISSN 0354-804X.

Regulation on the parameters of the ecological and chemical status of surface water and the parameters of the chemical and quantitative status of groundwater, "Official Gazette of the RS", No. 74/2011.

Regulation on determining the water bodies of surface water and groundwater "Official Gazette of the RS", No. 50/2012.

The city of Niš wastewater treatment plant feasibility study - revisited version, 2017.

Regulation on reference conditions of surface water types, „Official Gazette of the RS”, No 67/2011.

Regulation on limit values for pollutants in surface and groundwater and sediments and deadlines for their achievement, "Official Gazette of the RS", No 50/2012.

National strategy for water management until 2034. "Official Gazette of the RS", No 3/2017.

D. Vasović, „Hybrid model of environmental capacity management “. Doctoral dissertation. University of Niš, Faculty of Occupational Safety in Niš, 2016.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FUWLEP1901015V

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN   0354-804X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0534 (Online)