Miodrag Stanisavljevic, Vesna Lazarevic, Ana Stojkovic, Ivan Krstic

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The exploitation of industrial waste oils and fats, along with the influence of physical, thermal, chemical and biological factors, is the reason for their transformation and formation of waste emulsions that pose a potential risk of environmental pollution. This paper provides an overview of reference technological processes which are considered as the sources of environmental pollutants. In addition, this study presents the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of aqueous emulsions of waste fats and oils from metal processing and thus proposes a system for treatment that would minimize the risk of environmental pollution. 


fats and oils, emulsions, metalworking, environmental pollution

Full Text:



Lan WU, Gang GE and Jinbao WAN (2009). Biodegradation of oil wastewater by free and immobilized Yarrowia lipolytica W29. Journal of Environmental Sciences 21(2):237-242.

Travis MJ, Weisbrod N and Gross A (2008). Accumulation of oil and grease in soils irrigated with greywater and their potential role in soil water repellency. Science of the Total Environment 394:68-74

Busca GTM, Doctoral Dissertation (2004). Treatment of Semi-Synthetic Metalworking Fluids: Membrane Filtration and Bioremediation. University of Nottingham UK

Lazarević V (2004). Prečišćavanje otpadne vodene emulzije iz procesa obrade metala. Magistarski rad. Univerzitet u Nišu. Tehnološki fakultet u Leskovcu

Schulz J, Brinksmeier E and Meyer D (2013). On the Interactions of Additives in Metalworking Fluids with Metal Surfaces. Lubricants 1:75-94. doi:10.3390/lubricants1040075

Brinksmeier E, Meyer D, Huesmann-Cordes AG, Herrmann C (2015). Metalworking fluids-Mechanisms and performance. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology 64 (2):605–628.

Portela JR, Sanchez-Oneto J, Garcia-Jarana MB, Nebot Sanz E, Martinez de la Ossa EJ (2009). Comparison of different hydrothermal processes for the elimination of cutting fluid wastes. Chem Eng Transact 17:245-250.

Schwarz M, Miroslav D, Hnilica R and Veverkova D (2015). Environmental and Health Aspects of Metalworking Fluid Use. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 24 (1):37-45

Leppert T. (2011). Effect of cooling and lubrication conditions on surface topography and turning process of C45 steel. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture 51:120-126. DOI:10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2010.11.001.

Stanisaljević, P.M., Technologies of wastewater treatment and industrial hazardous waste, Technical College of Vocational Studies Požarevac, 2010.

Islam MS, Saiful M, Hossain M, Sikder M, Morshed M and Hossain M (2013). Acute toxicity of the mixtures of grease and engine wash oil on fish, pangasius sutch, under laboratory condition. International Journal Life Science, Biotechnology and Pharmacology Research, 2(1):306-317

Wake H (2005). Oil refineries: A review of their ecological impact on the aquatic environment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62 (1-2):131-140

Udonne JD, Onwuma HD (2014). A study of the effect of waste lubricating on the physical/chemical properties of soil and the possible remedies. J Petrol Gas Eng 5(1):9-14 (Academic Journals). http://www.academicjournals.org/JPGE.

[14] Patterson J. W. (1985): Industrial Wastewater Treatment Technology, 2nd Edition, Butterwoth Publishers, Boston, pp.273-297.

Eldeen S and Hegazi F (2015). Conversion of used Oil into Lubricating Grease and Characteristics Evaluation. International Journal of Science and Research 4 (4): 1894-1898.

Benito, J.M., Cambiella, A., Lobo, A., Gutierrez, G., Coca, J., Pazos, C., Formulation, characterization and treatment of metalworking oil-in-water emulsions, Clean Techn Environ Policy, Berlin, 2010, pp. 31.

Tomaszewska M, Orecki A and Karakulski K (2005). Treatment of bilge water using a combination of ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis. Desalination and the Environment 185(1-3): 203-212

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FUWLEP2002113S


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN   0354-804X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0534 (Online)