Milena Rajić, Rado Maksimović, Pedja Milosavljević, Marko Mančić, Milena Mančić, Dragan Pavlović

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Sustainable business development and companies market positioning require from companies to maximize added value with minimal resource utilization. The rational use of energy and energy sources is also a growing challenge, which aims to preserve the environment. Industrial systems, primarily production systems, are the largest energy consumers. The need for this theme is the pressure of European regulation on the implementation of energy saving measures as well as to have positive impact on the environment. The standard for the energy management system, which is used in this research, consider the energy performance and energy performance indicators. One of the most well-known representatives of this type of standard is ISO 50001. The aim of the paper is to analyze the energy demand in a production organization, to have insight into material and energy flows in the process, in order to form energy management model. The model was developed with process parameters that are changed on daily basis.


energy management, energy flow, environmental protection, industrial system, MFEA

Full Text:



Thiede, S., Posselt, G., Herrmann, C., (2013), SME appropriate concept for continuously improving the energy and resource efficiency in manufacturing companies, CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 204-211.

Duflou, J.R., Sutherland, J.W., Dornfeld, D., Herrmann, C., Jeswiet, J., Kara, S., Hauschild, M., Kellens, K., (2012), Towards energy and resource efficient manufacturing: A processes and systems approach, CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 587-609.

Suh, S., (2005), Theory of materials and energy flow analysis in ecology and economics, Ecological modelling, Vol. 189, No. 3, pp. 251-269.

Doty, S., Turner, W., (2009), Energy Management Handbook. The Fairmont Press.

Beer, J., (2000), Potential for industrial energy-efficiency improvement in the long term, Eco-efficiency in industry and Science, Springer, Vol. 5.

Ghadimi, P., Li, W., Kara, S., Herrmann, C., (2014), Integrated Material and Energy Flow Analysis towards Energy Efficient Manufacturing, 21st CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Procedia CIRP 15, pp. 117 – 122.

Fleiter, T., Eichhammer, W., Schleich, J., (2011), Energy efficiency in electric motor systems: Technical potentials and policy approaches for developing countries, United Nations Industrial Development Organization.

Yin, R.Y., (2011), Metallurgical Process Engineering, Springer Heidelberg, ISBN 978-3-642-13955-0, New York, USA.

Lu, Z.W., Cai, J.J., (2010), The Fouondations of Systems Energy Conservation, Northeastern University Press, ISBN 978-781102-846-1, Shenyang, China.

Yin, R.Y., (2000), Analysis and Integration of Steel Manufacturing Process, Acta Metallurgica Sinica, Vol. 36, No. 10, pp. 1077-1084, ISSN 0412-1961.

Yin, R.Y., (2007), Some Science Problems about Steel Manufacturing Process, Acta Metallurgica Sinica, Vol. 43, No. 11, pp. 1121-1128, ISSN 0412-1961.

Yin, R.Y., (2008), The Essence, Functions, and Future Development Mode of Steel Manufacturing Process, Scientia Sinica Technologica, Vol. 38, No. 9, pp. 1365-1377, ISSN 1674-7259.

Lu, Z.W., Cai, J.J., Yu, Q.B., Xie, A.G., (2000), The Influences of Materials Flows in Steel Manufacturing Process on Its Energy Intensity, Acta Metallurgica Sinica, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 370-378, ISSN 0412-1961.

Chen, G., Cai, J.J., Yu, Q.B., Lu, Z.W., (2002), The Analysis of the Influences of Materials Flows in Iron and Steel Corporation on Its Energy Consumption, Journal of Northeastern University (Natural Science), Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 459-462, ISSN 1005-3026.

Cai, J.J., Wang, J.J., Lu, Z.W., Yin, R.Y., (2006), Material Flow and Energy Flow in Iron & Steel Industry and Correlation between Them, Journal of Northeastern University (Natural Science), Vol. 27, No. 9, pp. 979-982, ISSN 1005-3026.

Cai, J.J., Wang, J.J., Zhang Q., Li, G.S., (2008), Material Flows and Energy Flows in Iron & Steel Factory and Their Influence on CO2 Emissions, Research of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 196-200, ISSN 1001-6929.

Korol, J., Kruczek, M., Pichlak, M., (2016), Material and energy flow analysis (MEFA) – first step in eco-innovation approach to assessment of steel production, Metalurgija, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 818-820.

Fischer-Kowalski, M., (1998), Society’s Metabolism – The Intellectual History of Material Flow Analysis, Part I, 1860 – 1970, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 61-78.

Fischer-Kowalski, M., Hüttler, W., (1999), Society’s Metabolism – The Intellectual History of Material Flow Analysis, Part II, 1970 – 1998, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 2, No.4, pp. 107-136.

Saidur, R., Atabani, A.E., Mekhilef, S., (2011), A review on electrical and thermal energy for industries, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev., Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 2073-2086.

Mizuta, Y., (2003), A case study on energy saving and new energy services in Japan, Manag. Environ. Qual. Int. J., Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 214-220.

Pardo Martínez, C.I., (2010), Energy use and energy efficiency development in the German and Colombian textile industries, Energy. Sustain. Dev., Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 94-103.

Neelis, M., Patel, M., Blok, K., Haije, W., Bach, P., (2007), Approximation of theoretical energy-saving potentials for the petrochemical industry using energy balances for 68 key processes, Energy, Vol. 32, No. 7, pp. 1104-1123.

Madlool, N.A., Saidur, R., Rahim, N.A., Kamalisarvestani, M., (2013), An overview of energy savings measures for cement industries, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev., Vol. 19, pp. 18-29.

Siitonen, S., Tuomaala, M., Ahtila, P., (2010), Variables affecting energy efficiency and CO2 emissions in the steel industry, Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 5, pp. 2477-2485.

Backlund, S., Thollander, P., Palm, J., Ottosson, M., (2012), Extending the energy efficiency gap, Energy Policy, Vol. 51, pp. 392-396.

The World Bank, (2014), Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per 1000$ GDP). http://databank.worldbank. org/data/

Republic Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Energy Balances of the Republic of Serbia – final data, (2014),

Rajić, M., (2020), The Model of the Energy Flow Management in Industrial Systems, PhD Thesis, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, Serbia.

Rajić, M., Maksimović, R., Milosavljević, P., Pavlović D., (2020), Energy Management System Application for Sustainable Development in Wood Industry Enterprises, Sustainability, Vol.12, Iss.1, No. 76, pp. 1-16.

Böttcher, C., Müller, M., (2016), Insights on the impact of energy management systems on carbon and corporate performance. An empirical analysis with data from German automotive suppliers, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 137, pp. 1449-1457.

Bornschlegl, M., Kreitlein,S., Bregulla, M., Franke, J., A., (2015), Method for Forecasting the Running Costs of Manufacturing Technologies in Automotive Production during the Early Planning Phase, Procedia CIRP, Vol. 26, pp. 412-417.

Franz, E., Erler, F., Langer, T., Schlegel, A., Stoldt, J., Richter, M., Putz, M., (2017), Requirements and Tasks for Active Energy Management Systems in Automotive Industry, Procedia Manufacturing, Vol. 8, pp. 175-182.

Ghazanfari, B., (2015), Modeling Energy Consumption in Automotive Manufacturing, PhD Thesis, University of Windsor.

Giacone, E., Mancò, S., (2012), Energy efficiency measurement in industrial processes, Energy, Vol. 38, issue 1, pp. 331-345.

Fysikopoulos, A., Anagnostakis, D., Salonitis, K., Chryssolouris, G., (2012), An Empirical Study of the Energy Consumption in Automotive Assembly, Procedia CIRP, Vol. 3, pp. 477-482.

Feng, L., Mears, L., (2016), Energy Consumption Modeling and Analyses In Automotive Manufacturing Plant, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 138, pp. 1-11.

Tasić, N., Đurić, Ž., Malešević, D., Maksimović, R., Radaković, N., (2018), Automation of Process Performance Management in a Company, Tehnicki vjesnik - Technical Gazette, Vol. 25, No 2, pp. 565-572, ISSN 1330-3651, UDK: 10.17559/TV-20151010074417.

Energy Savings Toolbox – An Energy Audit Manual and Tool, Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC),

Grinbergs, K., (2013), Energy audit method for industrial plants, 4th International Conference Civil Engineering`13 Proceedings Part I Industrial Energy Efficiency, 2013, pp. 350-355.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), (2005), Procedure to Measure Indoor Lighting Energy Performance.

SRPS ISO 50002:2017, Energy audits – Requirements with guidance for use.

Đorđević, M., Mančić, M., & Mitrović, D. (2014),. Energetska i eksergetska analiza termoelektrane na fosilna goriva. Facta universitatis - series: Working and Living Environmental Protection, 11(3), 163-175.

Lakovic, M., Banjac, M., Jović, M., Mitrović, D., (2015)., Coal-Fired Power Plants Energy Efficiency and Climate Change-Current State and Future Trends, Facta Universitatis Series: Working and Living Environmental Protection, 12(2), pp. 217-227.

Alwan, L. C., (1986), CUSUM Quality Control-Multivariate Approach, Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, Vol. 15, pp. 3531–3543.

Woodall, W. H., Ncube, M. M., (2012), Multivariate CUSUM Quality - Control Procedure, Technometrics, Vol. 27, Issue 3, pp. 285-292.

Rajić, M., Milovanović, М., Antić, D., Maksimović, R., Milosavljević, P., Pavlović, D., (2020), Analyzing Energy Poverty Using Intelligent Approach, Energy & Environment, 0958305X2090708. doi: 10.1177/0958305X20907087.



ISSN   0354-804X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0534 (Online)