Goran Ristić, Amelija Djordjevic, Sladjan Hristov, Predrag Umicevic, Aleksandra Petkovic, Lidija Milosevic

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This paper presents a methodology of optimization of roads for collection and transportation of municipal solid waste in large urban centers. The framework for the development of the methodology is an integrated system of sustainable waste management. The aim of the study is to identify and analyze the elements, criteria and data relevant to the development of optimization models of transport routes, assuming the main criterion to be the fuel consumption and reduction of negative impacts on the environment and human health. The organization, collection and transportation of municipal waste are conditioned by the limitations related to geographic and environmental criteria. The project of optimization of transportation routes and improvement of municipal waste collection system consists of three phases: the formation of a 3D network of roads, calculation of fuel consumption and optimization of waste collection and waste transportation. GIS technology has significant advantages in modeling urban network, and application of GIS tools is conditioned by the quantity and quality of information. Using GIS tools and techniques will save up to 60 - 80% of the costs incurred in the system of solid waste management.

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ISSN   0354-804X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0534 (Online)