### INFLUENCE OF CROSSING WEAR ON ROLLING CONTACT FATIGUE DAMAGE OF FROG RAIL

**DOI Number**

**First page**

**Last page**

#### Abstract

The damage of the frog rail significantly affects the wear of the crossing rail and restricts the passing speed of the train. A geometric 3D modeling of the vehicle passing through the crossing center is particularly concerned with the cumulative wheel-rail contact of the traffic volume. The frog rail wear is simulated to obtain the dynamic change of the impact force of the wheel on the frog rail as the rail wears. By summarizing the existing experimental results of other scholars, it is clear that the important factors, that cause the damage of the frog rail, are vehicle load, friction coefficient, slip roll ratio and shear stress. This paper combines the theoretical analysis of mechanics and 3D simulation to obtain the position change of the wheel-rail contact point with the wear of the frog rail, and finally compares it with the actual measurement results. It can more accurately predict the area where the maximum damage occurs after a certain amount of traffic for a certain fixed model, the change of wheel-rail contact point at frog rail is simulated with the wear of each component. Through theoretical analysis, the main factors determining frog rail damage were determined. Then evaluate the possible damage area of the frog track and control the prediction range to 5-10 cm, which reduces the detection time and cost. The worst state of distraction will be detected in time to facilitate replacement or polishing. Through further research in this area, the service life of the frog rail can be predicted.

#### Keywords

#### Full Text:

PDF#### References

Szalai, S., Eller, B., Juhász, E., Movahedi, M.R., Németh, A., Harrach, D., Baranyai, G., Fischer, S., 2022, Investigation of deformations of ballasted railway track during collapse using the Digital Image Correlation Method (DICM), Reports in Mechanical Engineering, 3(1), pp. 258-282.

Plášek, O., Raif, L., Vukušic, I., Salajka, V., Zelenka, J., 2019, Design of new generation of switches and crossings, Future Trends in Civil Engineering 2019, pp. 278-301.

Macura, D., Laketić, M., Pamučar, D., Marinković, D., 2022, Risk Analysis Model with Interval Type-2 Fuzzy FMEA – Case Study of Railway Infrastructure Projects in the Republic of Serbia, Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, 19(3), pp. 103-118.

Izvoltova, J., Ižvolt, L., Šestáková, J., 2021, Analysis of Methods Used to Diagnostics of Railway Lines, in: de Luca, S., Di Pace, R., Fiori, C. (Eds.), Railway Transport Planning and Management, doi: 10.5772/intechopen.100835

Utrata, D., Clark, R., 2003, Groundwork for Rail Flaw Detection Using Ultrasonic Phased Array Inspection, Review of Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, 22(1), pp. 799-805.

Papaelias, M.P., Lugg, M.C., Roberts, C., Davis, C.L., 2009, High-speed Inspection of Rails Using ACFM Techniques, NDT & E International, 42(4), pp. 328-335.

Kou, L., 2022, A Review of Research on Detection and Evaluation of the Rail Surface Defects, Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, 19(3), pp. 167-186.

Marino, F., Distante, A., Mazzeo, P.L., Stella, E., 2007, A Real-time Visual Inspection System for Railway Maintenance: Automatic Hexagonal-headed Bolts Detection, IEEE Transactions on Systems Man& Cybernetics-Part C: Applications & Reviews, 37(3), pp. 418-428.

Xu, J.M., Gao, Y., Wang, P., An, B.Y., Chen, J.Y., Chen, R., 2020, Numerical analysis for investigating wheel-rail impact contact in a flange bearing frog crossing, Wear, 450–451(2), 203253.

Tigh Kuchak A.J., Marinkovic D., Zehn M., 2020, Finite element model updating - Case study of a rail damper, Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 73(1), pp. 27-35.

Cao, Y., Zhao, W.H., Lin, Y.R., Yao, K.J., Lin, X.R., 2020, Dynamic optimization of the rail-crown geometry in the rigid frog area by controlling the position of the wheel-load transition, Proc IMechE Part F: J Rail and Rapid Transit, 234(9), pp. 1017–1028.

Khoshravan, M.R., Khadivi, O., Paykani, A., 2013, Finite Element Analysis and Experimental Study of Stress Distribution in Straight Frog of Railway Needle, Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention, 13(1), pp. 72–79.

Kovalchuk, V.V., Sysyn, M.P., Sobolevska, Y.H., Nabochenko, O., Parneta, B., Pentsak, A., 2018, Theoretical Study into Efficiency of the Improved Longitudinal Profile of Frogs at Railroad Switches, Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 4(1), pp. 27-36.

Kuchak A.J.T., Marinkovic D., Zehn M., 2021, Parametric Investigation of a Rail Damper Design Based on a Lab-Scaled Model, Journal of Vibration Engineering and Technologies, 9(1), pp. 51–60.

Ma, H., Zhang, J.M., Zhang, J., Jin, T.T., Song, C.Y., 2020, Influence of Full-Life Cycle Wheel Profile on the Contact Performance of Wheel and Standard Fixed Frog in Heavy Haul Railway, Shock and Vibration, 2020, 8866692.

Kuminek, T., Aniołek, K., Młyńczak, J., 2015, A numerical analysis of the contact stress distribution and physical modelling of abrasive wear in the tram wheel-frog system, Wear, 328–329, pp. 177-185.

Sysyn, M.P., Gerber, U., Nabochenko, O., Gruen, D., Kluge, F., 2019, Prediction of Rail Contact Fatigue on Crossings Using ImageProcessing and Machine Learning Methods, Urban Rail Transit. 5(2), pp. 123-132.

Sysyn, M.P., Kluge, F., Gruen, D., Kovalchuk, V.V., Nabochenko, O., 2019, Experimental Analysis of Rail Contact Fatigue Damage on Frog Rail of Fixed Common Crossing 1:12, Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention, 19(21), pp. 1077-1092.

Xin, L., Markine, V.L., Shevtsov, I.Y., 2016, Numerical procedure for fatigue life prediction for railway crossing crossings using explicit finite element approach, Wear, 366-367, pp. 167-179.

Yang, X.W., Zhang, Z., Meng, W., Qian, D.W., Hu, Y.H., 2020, Effect of Vertical Wear of Unmovable Frog Nose Rail on Dynamical Wheel-Rail Contact in Crossing Zone, Journal of Tongji University, 48(11), pp. 1595-1604.

Aniołek, K., Herian, J., 2013, Numerical Modeling of Load and Stress on the Contact Surface of a Crossing and a Railway Vehicle. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 139, pp. 533-539.

Nielsen, J.C.O., Palsson, B.A., Torstensson, P.T., 2016, Crossing Panel Design Based on Simulation of Accumulated Rail Damage in a Railway Crossing, Wear, 366-367, pp. 241-248.

Ashtiani, I.H., 2017, Optimization of secondary suspension of three-piece bogie with bevelled friction wedge geometry, International Journal of Rail Transportation, 5(4), pp. 213–228.

Kaiser, I., Poll, G., Voss, G., Vinolas, J., 2019, The impact of structural flexibilities of wheelsets and rails on the hunting behaviour of a railway vehicle, International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility, 57(4), pp. 564–594.

Fengler, W., Gerber, U., 2007, Loading of common crossings. (GER: Belastung von Weichen mit starrer Herzstueckspitze), ZEVrail Glas. Ann., 2007(5), pp. 202–214.

Plasek, O., Hruzikova, M., 2017, Under sleeper pads in switches & crossings, IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering, 236(1), 012045.

Huang, J., Zhou, Z., Peng, J.F., Cai, Z.B., Jin, X.S., Zhu, M.H., 2016, Rolling Friction and Wear, and Damage Behavior of Wheel/Rail at High Rotation Speed and Different Normal Loads. Meterials for Mechanical Engineering, 40(6), pp. 88-92.

Liu, Q.Y., Zhang, B., Zhou Z.R., 2002, Research on damage mechanism of railway rail, China Mechanical Engineering, 18(13), pp. 1596-1599.

Wen, S.Z., Huang, P., 2002, Tribological Principle. Tsinghua University Press, pp. 327-330.

Fourel, L, Noyel, J.P., Bossy, E., Kleber, X., Sainsot, P., Ville, F., 2021, Towards a grain-scale modelling of crack initiation in rolling contact fatigue - Part 2: Persistent slip band modelling, Tribology International. 163, pp. 107173.

Zhou, Y., Peng, J.F., Zhao, L., Wang, W.J., Li, W., Jin, X.S., Zhu, M.H., 2016, Damage Behavior of Wheel/Rail Materials under Different Slip Rates, Journal of Materials Engineering, 44(2), pp. 75-80.

Kalker J.J., 1990, Three Dimensional Elastic Bodies in Rolling Contact, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publisher, pp. 20-101.

Ekberg, A., Kabo, E., Andersson, H., 2002, An engineering model for prediction of rolling contact fatigue of railway wheels, 25(10), pp. 899-909.

Kabo, E., Ekberg, A., Torstensson, P.T., 2010, Rolling contact fatigue prediction for rails and comparisons with test rig results, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers-Part F：Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 224(4), pp. 303-317.

Sheng, G.M., Fan, J.H., Peng, X.H., 2000, Investigation of contact fatigue crack growth behaviors for PD3 rail steel, Acta Metallurgica sinica, 36(2), pp.131-134.

Santamaria, J., Vadillo, E.G., Gomez, J., 2006, A Comprehensive Method for the Elastic Calculation of the Two point Wheel/Rail Contact, Vehicle System Dynamics, 44(5), pp. 240-250.

Jin, X.S., Liu, Q.Y., 2004, Wheel and rail rubbing, Beijing: China Railway Publishing Club, pp. 105-107.

Jin, X.S., Wen, Z.F., Zhang, W.H., 2004, Analysis of wheel-rail rolling contact stress of two profiles, Chinese journal of mechanical engineering, 40(2), pp. 5-10.

Tao G.Q., Li X., Wen Z.F., Jin, X.S., 2013, Comparative analysis of two wheel-rail contact stress algorithms, Engineering mechanics, 30(8), pp. 229-235.

Jin X.S., Wen Z.F., Zhang W.H., 2004, Effect of wheelset motions on the rolling contact stresses of wheel and rail, Chinese journal of mechanical engineering, 21(1), pp. 165-172.

Yang, X.W., Zhao, Y.M., Zhou, S.H., 2017, Calculation of Influencing Number of Wheel-Rail Non-Hertz Contact Using Finite Element Method, Journal of Tongji University, 45(10), pp. 1476-1482.

Guo, S.L., Sun, D.Y., Zhang, F.C., Feng, X.Y., Qian, L.H., 2013, Damage of a Hadfield steel crossing due to wheel rolling impact passages, Wear, 305(30), pp. 267-273.

Shi, C.X., Wang, J., Chen, F.X., Li, H.S., 2011, Wear of duralumin in under heavy impact load, Lubrication and sealing, 36(2), pp. 38-44.

Hu, Z.H., Yang, X.C., 1989, Wear characteristics and influencing factors of high hardness die steel under impact loading, Materials for Mechanical Engineering, 13(4), pp. 51-55.

Ren, Z.S., Zhai, W.M., Wang, Qichang, 2001, The use of spatial wheel/rail contact geometric relationship in the crossing system dynamics, Journal of the China railway society, 23(5), pp. 11-15.

Ren, Z.S., Zhai, W.M., Wang, Qichang, 2000, Study on lateral dynamic characteristics of vehicle crossing system, Journal of the China railway society, 22(8), pp. 28-33.

Kovalchuk, V.V., Sysyn, M.P., Gerber, U., Nabochenko, O., Zarour, J., Dehne, S., 2019, Experimental investigation of the influence of train velocity and travel direction on the dynamic behavior of stiff common crossings, Architecture and Civil Engineering, 17(3), pp. 345-356.

Sysyn, M.P., Gerber, U., Gruen, D., Nabochenko, O., Kovalchuk, V.V., 2019, Modelling and vehicle based measurements of ballast settlements under the common crossing, European Transport, 71(5), pp. 1-25.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FUME220106024K

### Refbacks

- There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 0354-2025 (Print)

ISSN: 2335-0164 (Online)

COBISS.SR-ID 98732551

ZDB-ID: 2766459-4