### NUMERICAL STUDY AND DESIGN OPTIMIZATION ON ENERGY ABSORPTION OF THIN-WALLED TUBE WITH A YOSHIMURA PATTERN

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#### Abstract

This paper presents a numerical investigation and design optimization of the energy absorption of an origami tube. The arrangement of the tube's surface is inspired by a Yoshimura pattern. A numerical simulation model is developed in ABAQUS/Explicit to simulate the axial crushing of the origami tube. The simulation model is validated by comparing its deformation with the deformation observed in physical tests. Considering the limitations of existing single parametric analysis in the study of the origami tube with a Yoshimura pattern, the paper emphasizes a comprehensive parametric study, which includes a full factor analysis that considers the structural topological parameters, as well as a global sensitivity analysis that considers all the structural parameters. Furthermore, there has been limited reporting on structural optimization for thin-walled tubes with Yoshimura pattern. The paper also highlights multi-objective optimization for origami tubes with a Yoshimura pattern. The optimization aims to enhance energy absorption efficiency and minimize the peak crushing force. To address the computational demands, a surrogate model-based optimization approach is employed for the optimization problem. The optimization process results in a set of Pareto front solutions, offering a range of peak crushing force values from 151.5 to 288.69 kN and specific energy absorption values from 16.06 to 19.52 kJ/kg.

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