Borislava Blagojević, Mladen Milanović, Milan Gocić

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Drought impacts are rising worldwide, mostly because of an increase in the severity, frequency and duration of drought events. Water scarcity is one of the direct consequences of drought. A proactive approach based on drought risk management is needed to successfully lessen the vulnerability to droughts. The source of measures selected for a particular river basin in its Drought Management Plan is a Catalogue of drought management measures. One such catalogue is proposed in this paper by extensive literature and documentation review, from the perspective of the water sector. Five groups of measures comprise the catalogue of twenty-six individual measures. The grouping of measures is done according to the tradition of organizing the water sector in Serbia: (1) water systems, (2) green solutions, (3) agriculture-oriented measures, (4) aquatic ecosystems, and (5) non-structural measures. The aim of the paper is to contribute to an existing list of drought risk management measures in the light of activities on the first National Drought Plan, and the next Action plan after 2023 for the implementation of the Water Management Strategy for the Territory of the Republic of Serbia until 2034.


drought risk management, water scarcity, drought risk management measures, water sector

Full Text:



M. Zink, L. Samaniego, R. Kumar, S. Thober, J. Mai, D. Schäfer, A. Marx. 2016. The German drought monitor, Environmental research letters, 11, (1-9).

J. Spinoni, G. Naumann, J. Vogt, P. Barbosa. 2016. Meteorological droughts in Europe: events and impacts – past trends and future projections, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

D. Guha-Sapir, P. Hoyois, R. Below. 2016. Annual disaster statistical review 2015 – the number and trends, Centre for research on the epidemiology of disasters, Institute of health and society, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussel, Belgium.

V. Djurdjevic. 2020. Drought initiative – Republic of Serbia: recommendations for development of the national drought plan of the Republic of Serbia, Ministry of environmental protection, Belgrade, Serbia.

V. Djurdjevic, A. Vukovic, M Vujadinovic Mandic. 2018. Climate changes observed in Serbia and future climate projections based on different scenarios of futures emissions, United Nations development programme.

G. Petrovic, M. Grujovic. 2015. The economic damage from natural disasters in Serbia and Sumadija district, Ekonomski signali, 10, 2, (99-107).

H. Carrão, G. Naumann, P. Barbosa. 2018. Global projections of drought hazard in a warming climate: a prime for disaster risk management, Climate Dynamics, 50, (2137-2155), 2018.

X. He, M. Pan, Z. Wei, E. Wood, J. Sheffield. 2020. A global drought and flood catalogue from 1950 to 2016, Bams article, (508-535).

D. A. Wilhite.1997. State actions to mitigate drought: lessons learned, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 33, 5, (961-967), 1997.

D. A. Wilhite, M. J. Hayes, C. Knutson, K. H. Smith. 2001. Planning for drought: moving from crisis to risk management, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 36, 4, (697-710).

Guidelines for preparation of the drought management plans, development and implementation of risk-based drought management plans in the context of the EU water framework directive – as a part of the river basin management plans. 2015. Global Water Partnership Central and Eastern Europe.

Risk assessment and mapping guidelines for disaster management. 2010. European Commission, Brussels.

A. K. Mishra, V. P. Singh. 2011. Drought modelling – a review, Journal of Hydrology, 403, (157-175).

A. K. Mishra, V. P. Singh. 2010. A review of drought concepts, Journal of Hydrology, 391, (202-216).

Water scarcity management in the context of WFD. 2006. Water scarcity drafting group, Brussel, Belgium.

Dj. Bosnjak. 2001. The problems of drought in the Vojvodina province and drought control measures, Zbornik radova, 35, (391-401).

S. Dragovic. 2001. Irrigation requirements and effects on yield increase and stabilization in agricultural regions in Serbia, Zbornik radova, 35, (445-456).

Statistical yearbook. 2021. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Water management strategy on the territory of the Republic of Serbia until 2034. 2017. Official gazette RS 3/17.

Dj. Markovic, M. Stanic, J. Plavsic, G. Sekulic. 2008. Optimization of water allocation from a multipurpose reservoir, Vodoprivreda, 40, (201-213).

Law on waters. 2018. Official gazette RS 95/18.

E. Fereres, M. A. Soriano. 2007. Deficit irrigation for reducing agricultural water use, Journal of Experimental Botany, 2, 58, (147-159).

Serbia’s first national adaptation plan. 2015. Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, Belgrade, Serbia.

Climate change impacts on Serbian agriculture. 2019. United Nations development programme, Belgrade, Serbia.

Law on meteorological and hydrological activity. 2010. Official gazette RS 88/10.

Law on disaster risk reduction and management in emergency situations. 2018. Official gazette RS 87/18.

P. Vranić, S. Glišović, L. Velimirović. 2021. Decision Support for Integrated Management of Local-Level Adaptation to Climate Changes: The Case of Serbia, Int J Disaster Risk Sci (2021) 12:479–494.

Radivojević D., Blagojević B., A. Ilić. 2020. Water Supply System Performance Improvement in the Town of Pirot Using Water Balance IWA Methodology and Numerical Simulations, Technical Gazette, Vol. 27/No. 3 June 2020.

Action plan for implementation of the water management strategy on the territory of the Republic of Serbia for the period from 2021 to 2023. 2018. Official gazette RS 30/18.

Meza, I., Hagenlocher, M., Naumann, G., Vogt, J. and Frischen, J. 2019. Drought vulnerability indicators for global-scale drought risk assessments, EUR 29824 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

S., Gordon-Walker, T., Harle, and I., Naismith: "Using science to create a better place: Cost-benefit of SUDS retrofit in urban areas", SC060024, Environment Agency, Bristol, 2007.

Milutinović S. Handbook for planning of adaptation to changed climate conditions in local communities in Serbia. Standing conference of the cities and municipalities. Belgrade.2018.

Scanlon, B.R., Healy, R.W. & Cook, P.G. Choosing appropriate techniques for quantifying groundwater recharge. Hydrogeology Journal 10, 18–39 (2002).

Md Masroor, Haroon Sajjad, Sufia Rehman, Roshani Singh, Md Hibjur Rahaman, Mehebub Sahana, Raihan Ahmed, Ram Avtar, Analysing the relationship between drought and soil erosion using vegetation health index and RUSLE models in Godavari middle sub-basin, India, Geoscience Frontiers, Volume 13, Issue 2, 2022, 101312, ISSN 1674-9871,,-plodova-i-%C5%BEivotinja-u-srbiji.html

Blagojević, B., Mihailović, V., Blagojević, J., Radivojević, D. 2021. The hydrological and environmental aspect of low flow assessment in ungauged basins - A case study in the Južna Morava river basin. FACTA UNIVERSITATIS Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering Vol. 19, No 3, 2021, pp. 261-278

EPA. 1986. Technical Guidance Manual for Performing Wasteload Allocation. Book IV: Design Conditions, Chapter 1.

Rulebook on the methodology for making, issuing and delivering extraordinary meteorological and hydrological information and warnings (Official Gazette RS 96/13)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)
ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)
COBISS.SR-ID 98807559