ARCHITECTURE AND CERAMIC MATERIALS, DEVELOPMENT THROUGH TIME: ADOBE AND BRICK

Ana J. Momčilović-Petronijević, Gordana A. Topličić-Ćurčić, Aleksandra A. Ćurčić

DOI Number
-
First page
387
Last page
400

Abstract


The fired earth products are from the dawn of time very readily used as a building material in architecture. Regardless of the geographical area, or era, both adobe and bricks have been often used because they are easy and cheap to manufacture.

The paper provides the review of adobe and brick use, from the earliest times until nowadays. The evolution of their production, forms, physical properties and ways of their usage on the structures are presented.

The goal of the paper is an analysis of development of use of these products which will certainly remain in use for many years to come.

 


Keywords

ceramic materials, adobe, fired bricks, historical development.

Full Text:

PDF

References


S. Maldini, “Leksikon arhitekture i umetničkog zanatstva“. JP Službeni glasnik Beograd, p 488. 2012.

M. Milanković, “Tehnika u toku davnih vekova”, Nolit Beograd, 138 p., 1955.

The American Ceramic Society, http://ceramics.org/learn-about-ceramics/history-of-ceramics (accessed in March 2018.)

History World, http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab98 (accessed in March 2018.)

M. Luis, „Elementi arhitektonskog stila“, Global Book Publishing , Australia 2008, Mono i Manjana Beograd 400 p, 2009.

Paintings from the tomb of Rekh-mi-Rēʼ at Thebes / by Norman de Garis Davies ; with plates in color from copies by Nina de Garis Davies and Charles K. Wilkinson, New York : [Metropolitan Museum of Art], 1935, http://libmma.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15324coll10/id/168710 (accessed in April 2018.)

N. de Garis . Davies, „The graphic work of the expedition at Thebes“, Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Vol. 23, No. 12, Part 2: The Egyptian Expedition 1927-1928, pp. 37-49, 1928.

B. Nestorović, “Arhitektura starog veka”, Naučna knjiga I Univerzitet u Beogradu, Beograd, p 520, 1974.

G. Dulić and N. Voljevica, „Istorija arhitekture“, Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva Beograd, p 252, 2005.

J. W.P.Campbell and W. Pryce, „Brick, A World History“, Thames & Hudson, Ltd, London, 320p., 2016.

A. Al-Sibahy and R. Edwards, „Characterization of the clay masonry units and construction technique at the ancient city of Nippur“, Engineering Structures 147, pp 517–529, 2017.

http://www.lavanguardia.com/cultura/20160713/403170790352/ciudades-antiguas-de-djenne-lista-del-patrimonio-mundial-en-peligro.html (accessed in April 2018.)

D Silveira, H Varum, A Costa, T. Martins, H. Pereira and J. Almeida, „Mechanical properties of adobe bricks in ancient constructions“, Construction and Building Materials 28 pp. 36–44, 2012.

D. Silveira, H. Varum and A. Costa, „Influence of the testing procedures in the mechanical characterization of adobe bricks“ Construction and Building Materials 40 pp. 719–728, 2013.

M. Costi de Castrillo, M. Philokyprou and I. Ioannou, „Comparison of adobes from pre-history to-date“, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 12 pp. 437–448, 2017.

R. Schulz and M. Seidel (ed) „Egypt, The World of the Pharaohs“, h.f.ullmann publishing, GmbH, 538 p, 2015.

J. Mišić – Pejović, „Mozaici Niša“, Univerzitet u Nišu, Fakultet umetnosti u Nišu, 235 p. 2014.

Parviz Holakooei „A multi-spectroscopic approach to the characterization of early glaze opacifiers: Studies on an Achaemenid glazed brick found at Susa, south-western Iran (mid-first millennium BC)“, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 116 pp. 49–56, 2013.

https://www.ancient.eu/image/724/ (accessed in April 2018.)

Vitruvije, „Deset knjiga o arhitekturi“, Građevinska knjiga Beograd p. 233, 2006.

A. Radivojević, „Konstrukcije i tehnike građenja antičkog Rima“, Arhitektonski fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu i Orion Art, Beograd p.164, 2004.

M. Traktenberg, I. Hajman, „Arhitektura od praistorije do postmodernizma“, Građevinska knjiga Beograd, 626p, 2006.

M. Hattstein and P. Delius (ed) „Islam, Art and Architecture“ h.f.ullmann publishing, GmbH, 623 p, 2015.

http://cargocollective.com/klink/Architect-Alvar-Aalto-House-of-Culture-Kulttuuritalo (accessed in April 2018.)

A. Momčilović – Petronijević, „Formiranje urbane strukture i arhitektonskih oblika Caričinog Grada u VI veku“, doktorska disertacija, Građevinsko arhitektonski fakultet Univerziteta u Nišu, 211p, 2013.

N. Dalkılıç, A. Nabikoğlu, „Traditional manufacturing of clay brick used in the historical buildings of Diyarbakir (Turkey)“, Frontiers of Architectural Research 6, pp. 346-359, 2017.

V. Tufegdžić, “Građevinski materijali, poznavanje i ispitivanje”. Naučna knjiga, Beograd. pp 595, 1971.

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ringofen_Ansicht.jpg (accessed in April 2018.)

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Brick.html (accessed in April 2018.)

https://wienerberger.rs/opeka-i-rje%C5%A1enja/proizvodnja-opeke (accessed in April 2018.)

https://brickarchitecture.com/about-brick/why-brick/why-brick (accessed in April 2018.)

S. N. Joglekara, R. A. Kharkar, S. A. Mandavgane and B. D. Kulkarni, „Sustainability assessment of brick work for low-cost housing: A comparison between waste based bricks and burnt clay bricks“, Sustainable Cities and Society 37 , pp. 396–406, 2018.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 0354-4605 (Print)

ISSN 2406-0860 (Online)