### CONTROL OF SERIES IMPEDANCE OF POWER LINES USING POWER FLOW CONTROLLER

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#### Abstract

In this paper, the possibility of unified power flow controller (UPFC) to modulate both series resistance R and series reactance X of an overhead power line is discussed. The classical power flow control system of the UFPC is modified in the manner that standard input references signals (active and reactive powers) are replaced by reference signals of series resistance and reactance. Using the procedure described in this work, the reference signals for active and reactive powers are generated indirectly. The operation of UPFC in proposed operation mode is analyzed using computer simulation, based on a model of single machine infinite bus (SMIB) with constant impedance loads and two parallel lines. The goal is to show that UPFC is capable to control both series line parameters (R and X) directly and independently by means of a simple control system without additional decoupling controllers. An additional task is to show that power flows can be indirectly controlled this way. The step response of series line resistance and reactance is used to validate the operation of the proposed control system. The obtained results clearly show that all goals are fulfilled.

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