Markus Hess

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For the steady wear state of two contact problems involving power-law graded materials, closed-form solutions are derived in terms of pressure distribution and limiting shapes of profile. Both gross slip of an initially flat-ended cylindrical punch on a power-law graded half-space and the load-controlled fretting wear under partial slip of an initially parabolic indenter are studied. In the case of gross slip at fixed penetration depth there exists a certain exponent of elastic inhomogeneity, for which the effective volume change takes its maximum value. To minimize wear due to fretting under partial slip, an amplitude dependent design of the material gradient is necessary. For large amplitudes of the tangential force a gradient ranged from a soft surface to a hard ground is beneficial, small amplitudes require a reverse gradient characterized by a hard surface and a soft ground. However, the choice of the material gradient also has a decisive influence on the strength of stress singularities at the contact edge and thus the initiation of fretting fatigue cracks, which is why it is discussed in more detail.


Contact Mechanics, Gross Slip, Partial Slip, Fretting, Wear, Functionally Graded Material

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/FUME190121010H


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