DIFFERENT LEVELS OF MOTOR ABILITIES IN BOYS AND GIRLS AGED 10 AND 9

Predrag Dragomir Lazarević, Srdjan Milan Milosavljević, Snežana Ljubiša Lazarević, Vladan Milorad Marković, Ana Vlastimir Savić

DOI Number
-
First page
189
Last page
199

Abstract


The aim of this research is to confirm differences in the anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities of schoolchildren aged 9 and 10 compared by sex and age. The sample comprised 341 schoolchildren, divided into two subgroups of third (172) and fourth (169) graders. The research is of a transversal character and includes the measurement of anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities by applying the Eurofit fitness testing battery. The results show a significant difference based on sex in terms of body mass (t = 2.148), and as for motor abilities, there is a difference in the Shuttle run test (t = -3.709). A statistically significant difference considering the age of the tested population was observed in height (t = -10.327) and body mass (Z = -5,991), while in terms of motor abilities there was a statistically significant difference in the values of all the tests: Hand tapping (t = 4.735), the Standing long jump (Z = -3,575), Shuttle run (t = 12,248), the Flexed arm hang (Z = -2,167), Sit and reach (Z = -2,406), Sit-ups in 30 seconds (t = -9069). The research shows a higher statistically significant difference observed in body composition, but also in the motor area of the studied group in terms of age, and in relation to the statistically significant difference that was revealed by gender.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adam, C., Klissouras, V., & Ravassolo, M. (1988). Eurofit. Handbook for the Eurofit test of physical fitness. Rome: Council of Europe. Committee for the Development of Sport.

Badrić, M. (2010). Utjecaj programiranog treninga na promjene u motoričkim sposobnostima učenika uključenih u rad školskog športskog društva [The impact of programmed training on the changes in motor abilities of pupils included in the work of a school sports society. In Croatian]. U: Zbornik radova 19. Ljetne škole kineziologa Republike Hrvatske (pp. 71–78). Poreč: Hrvatski kineziološki savez.

Bala, G., Stojanović, M., & Stojanović, M. (2007). Merenje i definisanje motoričkih sposobnosti dece [Measurement and definition of the motor ability of children. In Serbian]. Novi Sad: Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja.

Bilić, Ž., Blažević, S., Širić, V. (2007). Promjene motoričkih značajki dječaka uzrasta 7 godina u različitim procesima transformacija kao temelj za uključivanje u sportske škole [Changes in motor features of boys aged 7 in various processes of transformation as a basis for inclusion in sports schools. In Croatian]. Acta Kinesiologica, 1(1), 38–43.

Cvejić, D., Pejović, T., & Ostojić, S. (2013). Assessment of physical fitness in children and adolescents. Facta universitatis - series: Physical Education and Sport, 11(2), 135-145.

Đorđević, M., Kostić, R., Pantelić, S., Uzunović, S., Milanović, Z., & Mitrović, B. (2016). Morpho-metric status and level of nutrition in nine - year old girls. Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education and Sport, 1–11.

Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D.B., & Ludwig, D. S. (2002). Childhood obesity: public - health crisis, common sense cure. The Lancet, 360(9331), 473–482.

Eremija, M. (1997). Biologija razvoja čoveka sa osnovama sportske medicine-praktikum [Biology of human development with the fundamentals of sports medicine-practicum. In Serbian]. Beograd: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Gligorijević, S. (2008). Antropometrijski parametric kao pokazatelji akceleracije rasta i prediktori gojaznosti pre adolescenata [Anthropometric parameters as indicators of growth acceleration and predictors of obesity in preadolescents. In Serbian]. Acta Мedica Medianae, 47(2), 15-9.

Guillaume, M., & Lissau, I. (2002). Epidemiology. In: W. Burniat, T. Cole, I. Lissau, & Poskitt E. M. E. Child and adolescent obesity: Causes and consequences, prevention and management (pp. 28–49). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Haskell, W. L., Lee, I. M., Pate, R. R., Powell, K. E., Blair, S. N., Franklin, B. A., & Bauman, A. (2007). Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Circulation, 116(9), 1081.

Ivanic, S. (2001). Treningologija [Trainingology. In Serbian]. Beograd: Republički zavod za sport.

Krsmanović, T., & Radosav, S. (2008). Razlike antropometrijskih karakteristika i motoričkih sposobnosti učenika uzrasta 9 - 11 godina [The differences in anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities of children aged 9 - 11. In Serbian]. Glasnik antropološkog društva Srbije, 45, 194-198.

Krsmanović, B. (1996). Čas fizičkog vežbanja [A physical education class. In Serbian]. Novi Sad: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Kyle, U. G., Bosaeus, I., De Lorenzo, A. D., Deurenberg, P., Elia, M., Gómez, J. M., & Scharfetter, H. (2004). Bioelectrical impedance analysis-part I: review of principles and methods. Clinical Nutrition, 23(5), 1226-1243.

Lazarević, P., Živković, V., Djurić, D., Čubrilo, D., Pantić, J., Vuletić, M., & Jakovljević, V. (2013). Posıtıve effects of sıx months traınıng program on inflammatory medıators ın young soccer players. Journal of Advances in Biology, 3(3), 257–265.

Lazarević, P., Živković, V., Vuletić, M., Barudžić, N., & Čubrilo, D. (2011). The relationship between sports engagement, body mass index and physical abilities in children. Serbian Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research, 12(1), 41-42.

Lim, J. S., Hwang, J. S., Lee, J. A., Kim, D. H., Park, K. D., Jeong, J. S., & Cheon, G. J. (2009). Cross calibration of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis with eight-point tactile electrodes and dual energy X - ray absorptiometry for assessment of body composition in healthy children aged 6 – 18 years. Pediatrics International, 51(2), 263-268.

Manić, G. (2007). Multivarijantne razlike nekih biomotoričkih dimenzija učenika viših razreda osnovne škole u odnosu na količinu masnog tkiva [Multivariate differences of some biomotoric dimensions of upper primary school pupils in relation to the amount of body fat. In Serbian]. Acta Kinesiologica, 1(1), 44-48.

Mikalački, M. (2000). Teorija i metodika sportske rekreacije [Theory and methodology of sports recreation. In Serbian]. Novi Sad: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Milanović, I. (2006). Efekti programirane nastave fizičkog vaspitanja u mlađem školskom uzrastu [The effects of programned PE classes in a younger age. In Serbian]. Magistarska teza, Beograd: Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja.

Mišigoj-Duraković, M. (2006). Kinantropologija – biološki aspekti tjelesnog vježbanja [Kinanthropology – the biological aspects of physical exercising. In Croatian]. Zagreb: Kineziološki fakultet.

Nićin, D. (2000). Antropomotorika [Antropomotorics. In Serbian]. Novi Sad: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Pejčić, A. (2001). Razlike između dječaka i djevojčica od prvog do četvrtog razreda osnovne škole u morfološkim karakteristikama i motoričkim sposobnostima [The differences between boys and girls from the first to the fourth grades in morphological characteristics and motor abilities. In Croatian]. U: 10. Ljetne škole pedagoga fizičke kulture Republike Hrvatske. (pp. 137-139). Poreč: Hrvatski savez pedagoga fizičke kulture.

Permutt, M. A., Wasson, J. & Cox, N. (2005). Genetic epidemiology of diabetes. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 115(6), 1431-39.

Tso, G., & Wong, P. (2002). Fitness camp for obese children. Promotion & Education, 9(1), 44-44.

Wang, Y., Monteiro, C., & Popkin, B. M. (2002). Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 75(6), 971-977.

Zivkovic, V., Lazarevic, P., Djuric, D., Cubrilo, D., Macura, M., Vuletic. & Jakovljevic, V. (2013). Alteration in basal redox state of young male soccer players after a six-month training programme. Acta Physiologica Hungarica, 100(1), 64-76.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN   1451-740X (Print)

ISSN   2406-0496 (Online)